Ethiopia- Myths and Facts
Different things come to mind when you hear the word Ethiopia. Maybe marathon, Queen of Sheba, mountains? People's images of Ethiopia are many and diverse. It is a fascinating country, with a lot more to it than meets the eye. Check out how much you know about the country, enjoy yourself and who knows- maybe you will learn something new!
The quiz is divided into three parts- General Knowledge, Culture and Animals. Take them in any order you wish!
Ethiopia in Africa
Facts about Ethiopia
Ethiopia is a large country, located in what is commonly called the Horn of Africa. It covers an area of over 1 million sq.km, bordering to Eritrea, Sudan, Kenya, Somalia and Djibouti. Since the independence of Eritrea, Ethiopia doesn't have any coast or port. This means that all transport has to go on land, then usually through the port in Djibouti to the rest of the world.
Ethiopia is a predominantly Christian country, but about a third of the population are Muslims. Many of these Muslims, however, don't follow the rules as strictly as in other Muslim countries. Especially in the northern parts, in Wollo. It is not uncommon for Muslims to marry Christians, or to drink the local alcohol.
Meaning: New Flower
Addis Ababa, the capital, is a city which has developed tremendously the past decade. From village to city, it is the center of many international organizations. The African Union has its head-quarters here, and there are many UN agencies and aid-organizations. This means there is a large group of foreigners located here.
In Addis, there are plenty of nightclubs, bars and restaurants. One shopping-mall after another is being built. Living side by side with the rich people, are many poor ones. The contrast can sometimes be overwhelming.
Ethiopia is Full of Languages and Good Food
It is amazing how one country can have so many languages. Apart from the 80, or so, spoken languages, there are also many dialects. One thing most people in Ethiopia have in common is the staple food. Injera, made from a grain called teff, is eaten daily by most people. A bit like rice to many Asians. Together with injera they serve different sauces, based on meat, chicken or vegetables. Their chilli mixture, berbere, is a really nice spice which can be used for many dishes.
- Ethiopian Language
Here, you will find a description of some of the major languages in Ethiopia. See the unique alphabet, the abugida, and hear the sound of the languages.
- Ethiopian Butter and Injera
See how the staple food is being made, it is not too difficult to copy. Teff is available all over the US, in health stores and online.
- Vegetarian Ethiopian Food
Ethiopia has so many delicious, vegetarian dishes. Many people cannot afford meat, but a lot also abstain regularly for religious reasons. The result is vegetarian food at its best.
- Ethiopian Coffee
Ethiopia is said to be the birth-place of coffee. It definitely plays an important role in the country's culture and economy.
- Ethipoian Music
The music in Ethiopia is very rich in emotions. Even if you don't understand a word, the meaning is conveyed through the music and voice of the singer. Watching a video of singers in the country can be very interesting.
A Taste of Ethiopia - Berbere
Berbere is not only used directly in the food, they also prepare a really nice chilli paste with it. See how AWAZE is prepared and used.
Many people have heard about Ethiopia only in connection with the horrible starvation in the mid 80's. A lot of foreign workers, Red Cross and others went to Ethiopia to try to help. They did a lot of good, both materially but also on an emotional level. To know that somebody cares can help a person not to give up.
After an interview with Red Cross nurse Claire Bertschinger , on the BBC in 1984, a man called Bob Geldof decided to arrange a fund-raising concert, with many famous artists, to help the people. This came to be known as Live Aid, and they managed to raise a staggering sum of more than 280 million dollars!
Read more on the unofficial Live Aid site.
Ethiopia Still Needs Help
Ethiopia is still a very poor country. While not recommending any particular aid-organization, here are a few links to check out. Remember that a little can go a long way.
UK based aid-organization.
Ireland based aid-organization.
- Red Cross
The ICRC are active also in Ethiopia.
Female circumcision is still common in Ethiopia. For these women, giving birth can bring horrible suffering and stigma. The Hamlin Fistula Hospital has been working for years to help.
This is a very well-known organization in Ethiopia, which has been around for a long time.
Want To See a Gelada?
The Gelada (Theropithecus gelada), sometimes called the Gelada Baboon, is a species of Old World monkey found only in the Ethiopian Highlands, with large populations in the Semien Mountains.
They are known by a big red spot on their chest, looking like a heart. These big monkeys can be quite a nuisance, even dangerous, especially in areas where they have become used to humans.
The Walia Ibex is a kind of mountain goat, which is found in the mountainous regions of Ethiopia. There are very few animals left, and it has been put on the list of critically endangered species. Only 500 individuals or so are still left. This is partly because of hunting, but also a result of loss of habitat. Even if the number would increase, there is not enough space for them.
Do you like travelling?
Have you ever been to Ethiopia?
Famous Ethiopian Women
Do you know who the beautiful woman on the picture is? It is Liya Kebede, an Ethiopian supermodel. She, along with other Ethiopian women have become famous all over the world, for different reasons. You can read more about these Ethiopian Women here. Of course, we don't want to discriminate anybody, so why not check out the page about Famous Ethiopian Men?