During the American civil war Washington was protected from invading Confederate armed forces by more than three dozen forts strategically positioned along the perimeter of the Union capital.
When the first shots of the war were fired upon Fort Sumter; the war quickly escalates for both sides in the first seven days of it. Everyone knew then that this was not going to be a quick war.
The five main events that led the United States into a civil war that will last for four years from 1861 to 1865.
Mimicry in insects is a fairly common way for them to avoid predators and to obtain a meal for survival. Many insects, especially the praying mantis, have evolved some of the most elaborate mimicries.
Isaac Newton and Robert Hooke were constantly at each other throat. Hooke accused Newton of plagiarism and stealing his ideas. In the end one gain fame and the other went in obscurity for their work.
This is a very interesting look at the odds of you existing, as you, in this world. In fact, it is virtually zero based on the probability of a series of events that must occur for you to exist.
Salt is the most used commodity in the world because all animal life depends on it. In ancient times it was considered to be more valuable than gold as a trade commodity during peak demand for it.
The chemical name of water and other common substances are examined, specifically their IUPAC name, to remove the perception that dangerous sounding chemical names are not as dangerous as they sounds.
A quick look at the evolution of the home lightbulb from the late 1800s to the present. The advantages and disadvantages of each type of lightbulb is discussed and how each type produces light.
Bristol Brabazon was once the largest airliner ever built during the late 1940s. It was built to accommodate the wealthy during transatlantic flights with luxurious amenities found on cruise ships.
Alfred Nobel was a prominent nineteenth century scientist and businessman. He made a fortune by making one of the most unstable explosive, nitroglycerin, into a highly successful product that would forever changed the...
Marie Curie became the first well-known female physicist and chemist with her research on radioactivity. Her work would lead her to the discovery of two radioactive elements radium and polonium, an element name in honor...
Robert Koch brought the study of infectious diseases into the modern era during the late nineteenth century. The emerging field of science was called bacteriology which made our life healthier.
Benjamin Franklin was more than a statesman and one of the "Founding Fathers of the United States. He also was a self-taught scientist whose contributions to science still affect our lives today.
Michael Faraday is called the father of electricity because of his significant contribution to the study of the physical and chemical properties of electricity. This biography goes into the detail of his life as...
A glucose meter or glucometer makes it possible for someone with diabetes to check and maintain their blood glucose while on the go or right in their home. What happens when blood is placed on the glucose blood test...
The heart does more than pump blood. It is also an endocrine gland that secretes hormones called natriuretic peptides to control blood volume and pressure by targeting receptors in the kidneys.
Being a scientist is cool and the job is rewarding. Forget the geeky, eccentric, and nerdy images of a scientist. Even some of the cheerleaders of the NFL are scientists. Checkout the included video.
How to explore the night sky the old way by using star charts instead of computer softwares. You will enjoy this fascinating hobby more by using the traditional method to find important stars.
A look at what selective breeding has done to the health of dogs and a brief history of selective breeding of dogs.
An examination of the Titanic shipwreck site from a geological perspective. What been happening in the area around the shipwreck since it hit the North Atlantic ocean floor more than 100 years ago.
How big was the Titanic? In its day it was one of the largest ship ever built. But when compared to modern ships it was not too far off in size until the largest ship Oasis of the Seas came on the scene about 100 years...
Before and after photos of locations around the world show strong evidence of global warming. The photos speak for themselves on this worldwide phenomena.
A look at Lincoln's family through significant photos taken by the Alexander Garder and Mathew Brady throughput his life from his pre-president days to surviving sons after his death.
Speeding, do you really save any time when you go a few miles over the posted speed limits on the highways. The answer will surprise you when you look at it mathematically unless you are driving a lot further than 100...
Everyone know about the physical differences between mean and women. But why are they different anatomically? The answer lies just below our skin in our blood and other cells in the body.
Mars is the most explored planet in our Solar System for obvious reasons . More than 30 probes were sent between the Soviet and USA to Mars and only 8 landed successfully on the surface.
Prisoners at the Cahaba Prison had the highest survival rate among all the Civil War prisons on both sides of the war. Only 147 men died there during their imprisonment.
The world’s human population just recently surpassed the 7 billion mark and is still growing, albeit rather slowly to the next billion mark. What are the consequences future population will face while the world...
The world population is currently hovering around 7 billion and will continue to grow in the years to come. It took about 250,000 years as modern humans to reach this number.
Evolution is a very important component of biology and it would be nothing without evolution. Today the battle over evolution as a theory or fact is still going on after Darwin publicized his theory in the mid 1800s.
A comparison of the Sun's size with the largest stars in the Milky Way. You will really be surprise how big some of these stars are with respect to the Sun or how small the Sun is to them.
A comparison of the North and South during 1861 on the eve of the American Civil War as seen from a numerical perspective.
Step by step calculation to determine how much that tangled, pile of jewelry in your drawer is worth. You will have a pretty good idea how much you should get before making a trip to the dealer.
When viewed with scientific facts and evidence gathered over the last few decades many scientists now believe we are probably alone in the universe for all practical purposes. Here we are taking about intelligence life...
Oxycontin, a heroin substitute made by a pharmaceutical company to decrease the incident of heroin addiction. Unfortunately, this idea backfired and created a more serious and deadly problem among young people.
The E Coli bacteria is a very common bacteria in our life. It is both a beneficial and a deadly bacteria to us depending on where you found it and where it comes from.
Our eyes are not just for seeing the world we live in. Scientists have recently discovered that our eyes also control our internal clock which is very critical for us to perform our daily activities.
For fifty years the tobacco industry have known that cigarettes contain a dangerous isotope called Polonium 210. Knowing this fact the industry could have easily removed it but they did nothing and allow it to remain in...
Men were not he only ones to play professional baseball in the early years of the sport. A women league was started during World War II to keep the sport going while the boys were away.
The opossum is a rather strange animal considering the fact that it is a marsupial in North American. It is the only one of it kind there. Why and how did it end up being the sole marsupial there while the others are in...
The human body shows evidence of evolution with features passed down from lower animals. Why do we have hiccups, an appendix or why boys and men have hernias? It is all because of evolution.
An informative article about some phobias that sufferers might experience from sunrise to sunset.
The American Civil War is noted for the many types of weapons used during the war, especially the big guns. These guns were capable sending a projectile up to three miles away.
From a biological and chemical perspective water is a very important ingredient for life to exist on Earth because of its unique properties. Most likely if there are life else where in the universe water is probably the...
A brief look at three popular R&B singers from the 80s and 90s. There is a video of their signature song included that made them popular at the time. Read and enjoy the video.
A look at the possibility of time travel. Is it possible to time travel? It maybe possible but a lot of energy and technological hurdles must be overcome before it can happen.
Have aliens from another world visited us? There are no evidence that show any indications of such visits. What started this delusion that extraterrestrials are visiting us?
The Manhattan Project needed tons of silver to produce the uranium to make an atomic bomb. The Treasury loaned about 28 million pounds of silver to the project and got every bit of it back in the end.
The history of jeans or denims goes as far back as the sixteenth century Europe, but it was the California Gold Rush of 1849 that started the evolution of pants in American.
Suggested list of traditional wedding anniversary gifts for the first ten years to help you decide what gifts to buy your spouse.
Dental hygiene has not always been the way it is now, easy and clean! Some people take this daily routine very lightly and suffer the consequences later. Here is a brief history of oral and dental hygiene.
Space exploration is the next step for mankind. But if we really want to send a probe or even humans out into the cosmos we are going to have to design a craft capable of near light speed velocity.
Diabetes management through the years, starting with the discovery of insulin to the use of pocket size glucose monitors.
There are numerous dietary supplements currently on the market for managing blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetics.
The Crystal Caves in Mexico are most usually caves in the world. These are the hottest caves and contain some of the largest crystal formation of any cave in the world. Unfortunately, these beautiful caves will...
Brief history of three of the most popular designer handbag makers; Coach, Dooney & Bourke and B. Makowsky. You will be surprised how these makers got started.
The Twin Towers were not the first buildings in New York City to be hit by aircrafts. The Empire State Building was hit by an airplane accidentally in 1945. This is the story of that incident.
A look at why we can't live 150 years or more. It is all in our genes and there is one compelling reason why we can't live that long because it is a battle between sex and repairing our cells.
Hydrogen sulfide is a smelly gas but there is a beneficial and life-saving use for it. Our body also makes small amounts of this gas to control our heart beat and other physiological functions.
Drilling for oil is a difficult, time-consuming, and expensive process. In the years to come this process will not get any easier because most of the oil drilling is now done in deep waters. In the long run the price of...
Horses played a critical role during the American Civil War, especially for the generals sitting on them. Some generals had several favorite horses during war. A few of the key players such as Lee, Grant, and Sherman,...
Police officers and soldiers routinely use bulletproof vests today as added protection while on duty. This life saving garment has been around since the dawn of war. Believe it or not it was even used during the...
Plants do have a very small amount of cholesterol in them. However, the small amount of cholesterol compounds found in them are beneficial to us.
Why do people throw spilled salt over their left shoulder and why is the wedding band worn on the left hand? You will found the answers to these questions and more myths and facts about lefties.
How many times have you seen, heard or read about the U.S. Presidents in the news? Do you sometimes wonder what these guys did in the early years before becoming President of The United States?
A compilation of interesting, numerical facts about planet Earth in one place. Facts such as the speed of the earth's rotation, it speed as it orbits the Sun, hottest and coldest temperatures ever recorded, and much...
Henry Rathbone's life would forever change after the assassination of President Lincoln at Ford Theater. He was almost mortally wounded in the incident that night. He life would never be the same.
This a roundup of all words associated with love, sex, and relationship with their meanings. Some of these words and their meanings will surprised some of you.
Native Americans made significant contributions during the American Civil War. There is one famous painting with a native American in the company of Robert E. Lee and Ulysses Grant during the surrender at Appomattox...
This is a short story about the origin of Diana Ross and The Supremes. It also explains what happen to them in the later years of their singer career.
A look at the famous blizzard that hit New York City in 1888. The idea of building the subways in NYC came out of the consequences the people faced during and after the blizzard.
Genocide is a blow to humanity at the lowest level when a group of people are treat like animals. That is they are treated less than humans because of their culture, religious beliefs, sexual preferences and even...
Who were the laundresses of the American Civil War? Their job was to wash and clean the uniform of the soldiers during the battles. They traveled and went everywhere the soldiers fought during the war to do their job.
The role iron plays in our body. What are the benefits and risks of taking iron supplements.
The Confederate submarine, the H.L. Hunley, had the worst luck during the American Civil War. Bad luck took the lives of 32 soldiers during the development of the sub to its final demise on February 17, 1864 at the...
Many of today’s American Christmas customs had their beginnings in the early nineteenth Century but many of these customs ironically did not reach their maturity until during the civil war with all the violence,...
Gold jewelry comes in other colors besides yellow. There is white gold, yellow gold, red gold and green gold. This article explains how these colors are put into the gold metal.
The Civil War (1861-185) sometimes called, the war between the states, war between brothers, or war between the North and the South, was the most significant war ever fought on American soil.