Ten Western Fiction Books Anyone Can Get Into

Western fiction is often under-appreciated by contemporary readers.
Western fiction is often under-appreciated by contemporary readers. | Source

Contrary to popular belief, literature of the American West is more than just gun-slinging outlaws squaring off in some forgotten, dusty saloon. In western fiction, themes typical of American literature as a whole, (freedom, love and belonging, identity, exile, adventure, betrayal, cultural and religious conflict, women's rights, racial oppression, individual versus the group, and progress versus tradition), come into play against the stunning backdrops of mountains, mesas, and unending plains.

What makes western fiction a genre in its own right is the way in which these themes reach a sense of heightened intensity in the vacuous expanse of undeveloped wild America. Without the confines of colonial society that existed on the East Coast, new ways of understanding the self and the world can be explored and developed. A basic knowledge of western literature is vital to understanding the development of a peculiarly "American" literary form and the ideas, values, and conflicts that underlie our society.

The following is a list of ten books that are not only a good representation of western fiction, but are also books that will appeal to the average reader who is not a history buff or rodeo afficionado.

Riders of the Purple Sage - Zane Grey

The book that started it all! Zane Grey was one of the most popular writers of western fiction after the Penny Dreadful craze wore off. These books were sensational dime novels featuring Deadwood Dick, Buffalo Bill, and Jesse James. Riders of the Purple Sage captures the excitement and adventure that spurred on an entire genre of literature, but also delves into deeper social issues including the Mormon migration and early religious conflict in America.

Angle of Repose - Wallace Stegner

Stegner's Pulitzer prize-winning masterpiece follows two parallel storylines, a historian chronicling his grandmother's journey west and his current struggles with aging, family, and modern culture. The grandmother's story, based on the letters of real-life Mary Hallock Foote, portrays in striking detail the physical and emotional difficulties that the early pioneers faced.

Fools Crow - James Welch

Welch provides an honest and culturally accurate portrayal of the lives of Native Americans at the time of the initial westward movement. The book follows the story of a young Blackfoot Indian, Fools Crow, as he navigates adolescence and the transition into adulthood, and is a vibrant portrayal of traditional culture. More than just the coming of age of Fools Crow, however, the novel chronicles the "coming of age" of the destructive policies and ideologies that would eventually lead to the eradication of Native American populations and ways of life.

My Antonia - Willa Cather

Cather tells of noticing a sense of "erasure of personality" that the open landscapes of the plains had the power to invoke in people. My Antonia could be considered an attempt on the parts of the main characters to counteract this feeling of losing the self in this vast space. While the novel deals with the cultural juxtaposition of Eastern European immigration upon the recently established Anglo communities of the frontier, there is a significant amount of attention paid to the ways in which these early settlers established identities in the world that was so quickly springing up around them. Cather also takes an early look at the role of women in the developing frontier, and is sometimes considered an early feminist.

The Power of the Dog - Thomas Savage

Set on a Montana ranch in the 1920s, The Power of the Dog examines notions of gender roles, specifically masculinity and the ideal of the cowboy, as well as sexual orientation, and conventions of behavior and thought as influenced by early Western cultural ideals. The novel is psychologically gripping and at times terrifying, and the twist at the end could not be more unexpected yet apropos to the storyline.

Fencing the Sky - James Galvin

If the relevance of the cowboy was questioned and deconstructed in The Power of the Dog, James Galvin's Fencing the Sky could be considered the epitaph to a dying culture. An ordinary rancher becomes one of the last American outlaws through a series of improbable events. The reader is taken along on a fast ride, with just enough time to glimpse the remnants of the landscape as it was give way to highways, barbed wire fences, and strip malls. Where the book excels is the dimension that is created in all the characters. The main character comes of as "the last of the outlaws," but still retains an element of complexity. Galvin succeeds in creating representative portraits for his elegy, without ever having to rely on stock characters or stereotype.

The Milagro Beanfield War - John Nichols

A land war focused around irrigation rights takes place in a quiet Hispanic town in New Mexico. One man becomes the quixotic hero of the town as he defends his land rights against a corporation seeking to buy out the land for development. History, ethnicity, and religious syncretism are all examined in this quirky and heart-warming tale. The book inspired a 1988 movie directed by Robert Redford and starring Christopher Walken.

Desert Solitaire - Edward Abbey

Abbey chronicles his time spent alone as a caretaker in Arches National Park. While the tone of the novel is at times peevish, and many of the ideas presented are controversial, the descriptions of the desert wilderness are second-to-none, and Abbey raises important points regarding nature preservation and our human connections to the natural world.

Tonto and the Lone Ranger Fistfight in Heaven - Sherman Alexie

Alexie's collection of short stories draw upon the reservation of his childhood. While important issues are presented related to modern-day Native American society, reservations, culture, and social issues, the stories themselves are captivatingly well-written, at times humorous, at times poignant, at times insightful and profound. The stories are about a collection of characters, who all weave in and out of the stories, set on the same reservation. By the end of the book, the reader will feel as if they are more than just made-up people in a story, but someone you might run into on your way to the corner store for a gallon of milk.

Blood Meridian - Cormac McCarthy

Blood Meridian has received critical and popular acclaim, becoming one of the most well-known recent works of western fiction. The story, set in the mid-1800s, follows an unnamed protagonist, called "the kid." A runaway, the kid joins a gang of scalp-hunters along the United States-Mexico border. While the book can be a difficult read, due in part to its archaic words and lack of quotations marks, not to mention the often horrific violence that permeates throughout, both the New York Times and Time magazine have proclaimed it one of the most important and influential books of our time.

Reader Favorites?

This is a list of books which will help a reader to better understand western fiction as well as its influence on more general American fiction and American culture. As such, some great books have been left off the list.The one that immediately comes to mind is The Grapes of Wrath. While I think it is an important book in its own right, and arguably one of the best examples of western fiction, I couldn't bring myself to include it. I figured that enough people had either read the book or were familiar with the story, that there wasn't much point recommending it.

Are there other great books or authors that I missed? And what are your favorite Westerns, book or movie?

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Comments 17 comments

dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 6 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

I ahven't read westerns too much for a long time, although I used to read a lot of them. If readers are interested in the literary though, Steven crane and Bret Hart should be considered.


satomko profile image

satomko 6 years ago from Macon, GA

Good list for people trying to get into the genre.


Arlecchino profile image

Arlecchino 6 years ago from Top of the Cloud

I can't say that I read a lot of books of this genre, but after your hub I'm interested in it. Well done!


ahorseback profile image

ahorseback 6 years ago

Greetings people , If you haven't read Tony Hillerman , you should , A lot of modern Navaho police , native American folklore and mystery writing I'm very impressed , good fun reads all.


wannabwestern profile image

wannabwestern 5 years ago from The Land of Tractors

I love western fiction and agree with your introduction statement that it is the landscape of the American West that informs the Western Fiction genre. My favorite Western author is Wallace Stegner, but I'm looking forward to reading some of your selections that I haven't heard of.

I read Desert Solitaire a long time ago but I once saw a documentary that showed Edward Abbey living in a small trailer with his wife who cooked and cleaned for him the entire time he was writing his book. I couldn't get into his writing as being "authentic" after that. Thanks for the great hub!


Anaya M. Baker profile image

Anaya M. Baker 5 years ago from North Carolina Author

wannabewestern - Didn't know that little tidbit about Abbey. Definitely changes my opinions on him...I agree, its just not very authentic, doesn't add up to the image he tries to create for himself. He's already a pretty unlikeable character as it is, that really doesn't help things! Great book for what it is, but Abbey himself...a whole different story.


brit8741 profile image

brit8741 5 years ago from Texas

After reading this hub, I am genuinely interested in reading Western fiction-and I never thought I would say that! Informative descriptions without giving too much of the plot away. Nice!


Anaya M. Baker profile image

Anaya M. Baker 5 years ago from North Carolina Author

Hi Brit!

I actually had a huge aversion to Western anything, novels, movies, etc. until a few years ago. Thought I'd try out a few of the books while dreaming of a cross-country road trip and got hooked...


mckbirdbks profile image

mckbirdbks 5 years ago from Emerald Wells, Just off the crossroads,Texas

Honorable Mention goes to these authors: Shane, Jack Schaefer: Warriors of the Plains, by Thomas E.Mails: Hondo, Louis Lamour: Lonesome Dove by Larry McMurtry: The Big Sky, A.B. Guthrie


WillStarr profile image

WillStarr 5 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

My first love and what I now write about!


ppduss 5 years ago

Blood meridian is my favortie book of all time


Digs 5 years ago

It's been a while since I read a western but I recall a title, "Gun Smoke Over Big Muddy," the author's name escapes me. The Sacket Series by Louis L'Amour and many other authors like Jack London. Guess my tastes ran to fairly simple themes. Nice hub and interesting recommendations.


Seafarer Mama profile image

Seafarer Mama 3 years ago from New England

Great list and descriptions. The only one I've read so far is "My Antonia" by Willa Cather. I love to read her work. My family and I enjoyed seeing a movie based on "The Grapes of Wrath" by John Steinbeck. Must be our favorite Steinbeck story. Looking forward to reading it, too.

My husband gave me the Milagro Beanfield War trilogy and said that I'd like it. That was about 15 years ago, and I haven't read it yet, but want to. I'm also very interested in reading "Desert Solitaire." Thanks for the renewed inspiration!


David Richardson 3 years ago

Has anyone read the "Legends of the Coyote?"` A fictional western about gunslingers and cowboys of the post-civil ear period.


Etta 23 months ago

I think you've just captured the answer peltrcfey


Cannon 23 months ago

That's a weh--tloughtlout answer to a challenging question


Geralyn 23 months ago

My hat is off to your astute command over this toipc-bravo!

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