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Hummingbirds, Little Flying Jewels

Updated on August 24, 2012
grandmapearl profile image

Connie knows how very important natural habitats are to our bird populations. That's why she loves bird-friendly flowers, shrubs and trees.

I’ll never forget that warm spring day. I had just started outside to survey my gardens when a tiny shimmering green female hummingbird came speeding toward me at eye level. My first reaction was, of course, to move my head back to avoid what I thought to be a certain collision. Instead, she suddenly stopped about a foot from my face and hovered for a few seconds looking into my eyes, then sped away to the newly-hung nectar feeder.

After I gathered myself from being so startled, I had a flash of insight---she was saying ‘hello’ and showing appreciation for the ready food source after her long journey!

Ruby Throated Hummingbird

Male Ruby Throated Hummingbird
Male Ruby Throated Hummingbird

It’s the first week in May and I am busy in the kitchen mixing up a batch of hummingbird nectar. (recipe follows) You know the male hummingbird will be along any day now, and I want to make sure he has a concentrated food source after his long journey. He’s coming all the way from South America across the Gulf of Mexico, my little ruby throated hummingbird!

He’ll arrive first and the females will follow in about a week. The last time I heard them buzzing about my bushes and saw them sipping nectar from the feeders was September. I have missed their beautiful shimmering green blur as they zoom around the house and gardens.

Female Ruby Throated Hummingbird
Female Ruby Throated Hummingbird

The females will arrive just in time for the lilacs to be blooming, then the honeysuckle and red weigela shrubs, as well as the Korean spice bush. I have planted many things to entice my flying jewels to make my gardens their home for the summer.

Soon after they have recovered from their long journeys the male hummer will start his pendulum mating dance. I once was able to catch sight of this amazing event, and since then I listen very closely for the sound that accompanies it. If you imagine what a small whirring spaceship might sound like, and then imagine it swinging like a pendulum you will have an idea of what the little male hummer does to entice a female.

She will be watching from a little plant or shrub close to the ground transfixed and motionless. If after he has performed his amazing feat she has not responded, he might knock her to the ground to awaken her from her trance.

They might then suddenly both fly off together, or she alone, depending upon her decision.

Persistence pays off for the male, and he eventually finds a female who thinks his acrobatic feat is awesome. For several weeks my hummers seem to have deserted me. That is not the case, however. They are simply tending to their new family. Because of the inactivity, I realize that the nectar feeder needs to be emptied and freshly refilled. Sugar water goes sour, especially when it is very warm.

Hummingbird Feeder Maintenance

Cleaning the hummingbird feeder inside as well as the ports from which they drink is essential. I use a small bottle brush and a mild dish detergent with warm water. Then rinse the bottle and ports thoroughly with clean warm water and allow to dry before refilling with fresh sugar water. This time I will only fill it half full. Once the breeding season is done, they will be back in full force. I can then fill my feeders to the top again.

Hummingbird on Nest
Hummingbird on Nest | Source

Hummingbird Nesting

Hummers build their nests using spider silk to attach them to a native tree branch. Being only the size of a golf ball, they are nearly invisible to human eyes. Hummingbirds use soft moss, to line the nest, but attach bits of tree bark and lichens to the outside of the nest for camouflage. I found a hummer nest once. It had blown out of a small tree in an early winter blizzard, and it laid on the snow. I thought it was a mouse nest at first, but it was much too small and well constructed to be anything but a hummingbird’s fairy nest.

Once the little hummers are ready to fly from the nest, Mama Hummingbird shows them the nectar feeder and all the other lovely plants from which to sup. Sweet syrup is not the only food for these aggressive and territorial mighty mites. They also happily pluck insects from spider webs, and if the spider is small enough that might make a tasty snack as well.

Hummers Are Aggressive!

Hummers aggressively guard and defend their territory and the food sources therein. I have seen what amounts to aerial combat between rival hummingbirds. They bang into one another, knock each other sideways, and fly upwards with beaks crossed as if they were swords. One will land on a branch and wait to ambush any ruby throat that should dare to attempt sipping from its food source. After awhile that even includes their own offspring!

Select a feeder that is clear so you can easily see when it needs to be refilled. Nectar does not need red dye. A bit of red somewhere on the feeder is enough to attract these energetic little guys. If the feeder you fall in love with does not have any red on it, just tie a small red ribbon to the hanger, or add a potted red plant such as a geranium near your hummer feeder.

I have a shepherds hook with 2 hangers. One holds a pot of fuschia and the other holds my beautiful purple hummingbird feeder. Both are visited constantly all day long. There is a link below to a list of hummingbird nectar plants you can use in your own gardens.

My favorite feeders are glass because mold doesn’t seem to grow as easily in them. They stay clear and are easier to clean than the plastic, but that is a personal preference. You may also need some sort of ant deterrent. That calls for a device known as an ant ‘moat’ that is filled with water and suspended above the feeder. Ants cannot cross the moat without drowning and are thus unable to clog up your nectar with ant bodies!

Anna's Hummingbird
Anna's Hummingbird | Source

Anna's Hummingbird

While visiting my sister in California many years ago, I got a good look at an Anna’s Hummingbird. Having always seen our ruby throated gems it was quite a thrill to observe the different coloring. Its whole head was a beautiful red and the back and wings were a gleaming dark blue green.

Rufous Hummingbird
Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird

Although I have never seen one in person, Rufous Hummingbirds are gorgeous orange-throated flyers with shimmering copper colored backs and wings. As much as I love our beautiful ruby throats, the rufous is my favorite hummer. Its colors remind me of the best time of year---autumn. They can be found as far north as the Yukon and as far south as Mexico.

Calliope Hummingbird
Calliope Hummingbird | Source

Calliope Hummingbird

The tiny Calliope is the winner in the ‘smallest hummingbird’ contest. It is only 2-¾” to 3-¼” (7-8 cm). It is very colorful with a deep reddish-purple throat against a white background, white front, green back and orange at the base of its tail. Oddly, its beak is short! Southern California, Arizona and New Mexico are its stomping grounds.

Allen's Hummingbird
Allen's Hummingbird | Source

Allen's Hummingbird

Allen’s Hummer has a red-orange throat, an orange tail, green back and head and dark beak. It lives year round along the Pacific coastline.

Costa's Hummingbird
Costa's Hummingbird | Source

Costa's Hummingbird

The most prevalent hummingbird in New Mexico, Arizona and Southern California is the little jewel known as Costa’s Hummingbird. It has a deep purple throat, gray belly, white front, dark green back, white accent under its eye and a dark down-curved beak. For a tiny package, hummingbirds pack a huge punch of color and energy.

Time to Say Goodbye

It is now nearing the second week in September. I will soon be sadly bidding my hummers farewell for the winter season. One year I happened to be outside tending my garden, stood up to stretch my back, and a female hummingbird came right at me at eye level. I recoiled a bit as a natural reaction and then realized that she was saying “goodbye, see you next year, and thanks for the chow”! Amazingly, this happens every year now. In spring they find me outside and say ‘hello’; in autumn they make sure (if I am outside on their day of departure) to say ‘goodbye’.

One year I missed my hummers’ leaving because I had to be out of town. I felt bad I hadn’t had a chance to say goodbye. That is why I will make sure to be working in my garden this coming week when they will depart. You see we have a very special bond, my little flying jewels and me!

My Easy Hummingbird Nectar Recipe

I use a 32 oz. Pyrex glass measure because it has a convenient spout and I can easily see the measurement lines. Add pure cane sugar to the ½ cup line on the quart measuring cup. Then fill it to the 2-½ cup line with cold water. Stir with a wooden spoon and place uncovered into the microwave. Times will vary with the size and power of your microwave, but mine takes 2 minutes on High to come to a simmer. After removing my homemade nectar from the microwave, I stir again to make sure all the sugar is thoroughly dissolved. Allow the nectar to cool to room temperature before filling your feeders. Refrigerate any remaining nectar to use at the next refill. I use a Mason jar with a regular, tight fitting screw-on lid.

It is very important to note that you must use only pure cane sugar. Artificial sweeteners or honey are deadly to hummers and should never be used as nectar. Hummingbirds cannot assimilate these sweeteners and therefore can gain no nutrition from them.

If hanging more than one feeder, it’s a good idea to position them out of the line of sight of any others. That will help alleviate aggressive attacks on one another.


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    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      7 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      Jatinder, I'm pleased you are a hummingbird lover like me! Their sounds, buzzing flight patterns and hovering acrobatics all make me smile. Mine are still active, but will soon be leaving for South America, usually around the 2nd week in September. I will miss them for sure.

      I so enjoyed reading your comment; thank you for sharing your hummingbird experience with me.

      Have a wonderful day ;) Pearl

    • Jatinder Joshi profile image

      Jatinder Joshi 

      7 years ago from Whitby, Ontario, Canada

      Beautifully written. Enjoyed reading it.

      I too fell in love with hummingbirds a few years ago when I had seen one humming and sipping nectar out of a pomegranate flower in India. Then I got busy and forgot about it, until this year. I saw a video of Saltery Lodge and was reminded of them and decided to attract some to our backyard in Whitby, Ontario. Research, buying feeder, preparing feed and we had this hummer in our backyard.

      Enjoyed watching the hummer for over a month. It left on around 03 Sep for the warmer Southern climes. I too have written about the hummingbird.

    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      8 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      Hi bigjessy, You are welcome to use the information in this article as long as you also make sure to credit me as the original author. Otherwise it is a violation of Hubpages copyright policies. You can check further on this by going to the Hubpages Learning Center. That is listed in the pull-down menu under your name at the top of your account page.

      Thank you for your interest in my articles!

    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      8 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      Irc7815, I am so glad you enjoyed this article. I am totally enthralled by my hummers. I miss them when they leave, I truly do. It's especially fun, as you experienced as well, when you have that moment of connection to a very special little ball of energy! I agree with you--they have a very magical quality about them. Thanks so much for your wonderful comments. I truly enjoy your visits.

    • lrc7815 profile image

      Linda Crist 

      8 years ago from Central Virginia

      Another wonderful hub about a beautiful species. One of my best bird experiences was when I visited the hummingbird aviary at the Arizona Desert Museum some years ago. They let you walk through the aviary and all the many species of hummingbirds come right up to your face to say hello, just as yours did. What magical little creatures they are. I loved this hub.

    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      8 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      tobint44, thanks so much for stopping by! I am so glad you love hummers as much as I do. After all, what's not to like? Mine have just recently departed on their mind-blowing journey to South America. It amazes me that they cover such a vast amount of territory and they're so tiny. It's great that your aunt is making her own nectar. I guess some of the manufacturers are starting to get the idea that the red dye really does matter. But I continue to make my own hummer food. Many thanks for the great comments!

    • tobint44 profile image

      Tyler Tobin 

      8 years ago from North Carolina

      Great Hub, I love watching hummingbirds. My aunt has multiple feeders and has recently started making hummingbird food naturally (after we heard that the red dye can be harmful in store bought?) Great content about such peaceful creatures.

    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      8 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      Hi OldRoses! I am glad this article was helpful. And thank you for the great comments. My hummers have left the area and are headed for Mexico and South America, and all those tropical nectar flowers. I hope they have a good flight!

    • OldRoses profile image

      Caren White 

      8 years ago

      Another awesome hub! Thanks for the description of a female hummer. I was aware that there is only one species of hummer east of the Mississippi so I was very puzzled one summer when I saw a hummer at Rutgers Gardens that wasn't brightly colored. Now I know that it was a female! Thanks!

    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      9 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      Thank you NightFlower! They are sweet, and so tiny! But the colors are what fascinate me. Just like shining jewels. It's really amazing how Nature designs things isn't it? Thanks for stopping by and for the lovely comment.

    • NightFlower profile image


      9 years ago

      I love humming birds. Aren't the sweet and so interesting the way the sit in one spot and flap their wings. lovely little creatures. Nice hub gmp.

    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      9 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      Thank you James for your sweet words. Hummingbirds have to be my favorite, too. I so look forward to their return in the spring. I have ordered more hummer-friendly flowers this year, including more day lilies. I'm sure they will appreciate it! I'm very glad you stopped by.

    • James A Watkins profile image

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      What beautiful creatures are the Hummingbirds. I love them. Thank you for this wondrous Hub. It is very good. :-)

    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      9 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      Apostle Jack you have made my day! Thank you for my new nickname and the blessing as well. You have an awesome way with words.

    • Apostle Jack profile image

      Apostle Jack 

      9 years ago from Atlanta Ga

      You are the "Bird Lady" of the world. You do your presentations well grandmapearl.

      May your flowers never turn brown.

    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      9 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      Thank you Seeker7. We share a love and appreciation for the birds, don't we?! I once saw a robin that was listening for earthworms suddenly fly at a shiny hubcap on my car. It apparently had seen its reflection, and instantly attacked! Birds are a fascinating part of our world for sure. Thanks for your great comments.

    • Seeker7 profile image

      Helen Murphy Howell 

      9 years ago from Fife, Scotland

      A very beautiful hub about this wonderful little bird. I think the two amazing things about humming birds is firstly their beauty and the fantastic journeys that they make each year!

      I was also interested to hear how territorial they are. It reminded me of our friendly Robin - so nice with people and other birds, but very aggressive to other Robins.

      There's only one down side of the Humming Bird and that is that we don't get them in Scotland!

      A fascinating hub with stunning photos! Voted up + awesome!

    • grandmapearl profile imageAUTHOR

      Connie Smith 

      9 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

      Thank you Brian and Jenafran for your comments. They are very much appreciated.

    • Jenafran profile image


      9 years ago from Tampa Bay Florida

      Hummingbirds are my favorite bird. I was very glad to see that you didn't use any of the dreaded red dye for your nectar recipe. Great hub!

    • Brian Burton profile image

      Brian Burton 

      9 years ago

      Really nice hub. Hummingbirds are really amazing and I never thought they they could get aggressive, but makes sense.

    • StephanieBCrosby profile image

      Stephanie Bradberry 

      9 years ago from New Jersey

      I love when hummingbirds stop by. Sometimes I never know if I really saw one or just a big flying insect. Thanks for sharing your recipe.


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