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Brown Bears (aka Grizzlies and Kodiaks)

Updated on September 20, 2014

Get to know brown bears, Grizzlies and Kodiaks here

Brown Bears, known as Grizzly bears in the Lower 48 states live 20 to 25 years in the wild. in Alaska the bear is known as the Alaskan Brown Bear or Kodiak bear. Here you find facts about their habitat, range, breeding, habits along with photos, videos, links to organizations dedicated to saving grizzlies and other bears.

If you love bears like I do, I think you'll really appreciate this lens. I have a guest book near the end where you can leave me a comment. I'd love to hear from you.

ALL royalties from this lens are donated directly to National Wildlife Federation's Alaska Natural Resource Center.

Bear hugs, Frankie

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Ursidae

Genus: Ursus

Species: U. arctos

Subspecies: U. a. horribilis

From Wikipedia

Conservation Status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)

From Wikipedia

Conservation Status - U.S.

"In 1975, The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed the grizzly bear as a threatened species in the Lower 48 states, under the *Endangered Species Act. In Alaska, where there are estimated to be over 30,000 grizzly bears, they are classified as a game animal with regionally established regulations. The Yellowstone population of grizzly bears was declared recovered and removed from the 'Threatened' species list in April of 2007."

Defenders of Wildlife

Features: What Do Brown Bears Look Like?

Brown bear features

The Grizzlies are yellowish brown to dark brown, often with white-tipped hairs. They have a distinctive hump on their shoulders and their faces in profile usually appear somewhat concave. Their claws on the front feet are nearly 4 inches long.

Brown Bears stand about 4 feet tall and the adult males weigh from 300 to 860 pounds (135 to 390 kilograms and females weigh from 205 to 455 pounds (95 to 205 kilograms).

The weight of these bears differ between populations and between times of the year. For instance, some bears can weigh 2 times as much in the fall as they weigh in the Spring (due to hibernating during the winter).

At birth cubs weigh from 11 ounces to 1 pound 6 ounces (340 to 680 grams). They are able to climb but those lose this ability during their first year of life.

Although big, Brown Bears are extremely agile and fast, and can reach speeds of 35 to 40 mph.

Habitat: Where Do Brown Bears Live?

Where to find brown bears

Brown bears are found in a variety of habitats from dense forests and sub alpine mountain areas to tundra in the Arctic. They are primarily nocturnal and make their den in a cave, crevice or hollow tree.

At one time they were abundant on the central plains of North America. The Brown Bears there have been exterminated.

Because of 30 years of intensive management, Grizzly Bears in Yellowstone have increased from 200 bears in 1975 to about 600 today. In 1975 they were listed as "threatened" and major steps were taken to ensure their survival. That may come to an end if the move to de-list the Grizzly Bears in the Yellowstone ecosystem succeeds.

LIFE SPAN: Brown Bears in the wild live 20 to 25 years.

98% of the U.S. brown bears (grizzlies) live in Alaska

Range: How Far Do Brown Bears Roam?

where do brown bears live?

The Brown Bear has the widest range of any species of bear in the world. They are found in eastern and western Europe, across northern Asia and in Japan. They are found In North America in western Canada, Alaska, and in the states of Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, and Washington.

Breeding: How Brown Bears Breed

How brown bears reproduce

Female Brown Bears reach sexual maturity at 4-1/2 to 7 years of age. Males may become sexually mature at the same age, however, due to their small size, they probably don't breed until they are 8 to 10 years old.

Although mating takes place from early May to the middle of July, implantation does not occur until about October or November with cubs being born January to March. Litter size can be from 1 to 4 cubs, but most frequently 2 cubs are born. Cubs remain with their mothers for at 2-1/2 years, which means the female only breeds every 3 years.

What Brown bears, grizzly bears and kodiaks eat

What do Brown Bears (Grizzlies) Eat?

Brown Bears, grizzlies and Kodiak bears eat a varitey of plants including fungi. They also eat berries, insects, and small mammals. They also are good at catching fish, adding them to their diet.

Videos of Brown Bears Fishing - How do brown bears fish?

Brown Bear cub

Brown Bear cub
Brown Bear cub

In 1943, a brown bear cub found wandering in the hills near Iran during WWII. It was saved by the Allies and in return, Voytek, the soldier bear, served as one of them - carrying mortar rounds and passing ammo during battle. He also developed a taste for beer and cigarettes. Seriously!

After the war, Voytek spent the rest of his life in Edinburgh Zoo. He died in 1963. Today, there is a campaign under way to build a permanent memorial to this heroic bear who fought for the Allies. For more information and pictures of Voytek, click More Voytek.

I went to Alaska to visit with the folks at National Wildlife Federation's Alaska Natural Resource Center to see how I can best help to support their work.

While I was there, I visited the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage where I saw live bears for the first time. I was able to see some brown bears (Grizlies) and Kodiak brown bears. They were amazing to watch. I loved it!

I'm psyched and a little psycho getting organized to go. I will be posting photos and more information about the bears in the zoo, so come back. Better yet, visit my blog where I'll be posting all about my trip. Simply click, Blogging for Bears.

How you can support National Wildlife Federation's

Alaska Natural Resource Center

NWF and their Alaska Natural Resource Center are leading a nationwide grassroots effort to protect the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).

Their campaigns address the issue of climate change and its effect on polar bears from many angles, including clean energy, sustainable tourism, youth conservation leadership, reversing nature deficit, and protecting wildlife from global warming through adaptive management of habitat.

For more information on NWF click NWF-Arctic Refuge. Or, for membership information, click NWF Membership.

For the Alaska Natural Resource Center's office, click Alaska Resource Center.

To make a lens now, click

The new Alaska quarter bears the image of a brown bear. It went into circulation on Monday, Aug. 25, 2008. Image provided by the U.S. Mint (AP Photo/U.S. Mint)

National Wildlife Federation

Protecting Brown Bears and The Environment

When I discovered the problems facing bears, I looked for an organization that I could work with to help save them. I found the National Wildlife Federation (NWF). Their mission is to protect wildlife for our children's future, connect people with nature and to confront global warming.

I am proud to be a member of NWF and to support them in their efforts to save Bears and other animals from extinction.

The NWF is also helping to lead a nationwide grassroots effort to protect the Arctic Refuge. For more information on this click NWF-Arctic Refuge. Or, for membership information, click NWF Membership.

The Great Bear Rainforest

Sign Petition to stop the killing of bears

Photo: National Wildlife Federation

The Great Bear Rainforest, one of the last rainforest's on earth, is found in British Columbia, Canada. It is home to Brown Bears/Grizzlies and Black bears. Currently trophy hunters are allowed to kill these volunerable bears.

Currenlty, the Vancouver Organizing Committee is planning for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games, so now is a great time to let them know that you oppose the killing of these bears.

You can help by signing the petition at Stop the trophy hunting.

Let the organizers knows that you are considering avoiding the 2010 Olympic Games as long as the trophy hunt for bears is allowed to continue in the Great Bear Rainforest - and that you will encourage your friends and family to follow suit.

Brown bears

This was published in National Geographic in 1916. (Republished in Laelaps blog)

Books On Brown Bears For Adults

Here are some great books on Brown Bears. Let people know which you think are the best by voting for your favorite book. It's okay to vote for more than 1. And, you can add a another one from Amazon or take a copy of this list. If you add one, don't forget to vote for it!

Walking the Big Wild: From Yellowstone to Yukon on the Grizzly Bear's Trail
Walking the Big Wild: From Yellowstone to Yukon on the Grizzly Bear's Trail

Walk wild Route Y2Y with wolves, bears, the author, his dog, and other creatures on one of North America's last migratory corridors.

 
Among Grizzlies: Living with Wild Bears in Alaska
Among Grizzlies: Living with Wild Bears in Alaska

Living with Wild Bears in Alaska"A heart-stopping eco-adventure, a testimony to both the grizzlies and their courageous protector."--People"The grizzly bear is one of a very few animals remaining on earth that can kill a human in physical combat. It can decapitate with a single swipe or grotesquely disfigure a person in rapid order. Within the last wilderness areas where they dwell, they are the undisputed king of all beasts. I know this very well. My name is Timothy Treadwell, and I live with t...

 
Grizzly Years: In Search of the American Wilderness
Grizzly Years: In Search of the American Wilderness

For nearly twenty years, alone and unarmed, author Doug Peacock traversed the rugged mountains of Montana and Wyoming tracking the magnificent grizzly. His thrilling narrative takes us into the bear's habitat, where we observe directly this majestic animal's behavior, from hunting strategies, mating patterns, and denning habits to social hierarchy and methods of communication. As Peacock tracks the bears, his story turns into a thrilling narrative about the breaking down of suspicion between man...

 
The Grizzly Bear Family Book
The Grizzly Bear Family Book

The Animal Family books are not just written by their authors. They are studied and researched and lived into existence. Each book helps to make the world of nature that much more real, more understandable, and more valuable to children.

 
The Grizzly Maze: Timothy Treadwell's Fatal Obsession with Alaskan Bears
The Grizzly Maze: Timothy Treadwell's Fatal Obsession with Alaskan Bears

In the tradition of Jon Krakauer’s Into the Wild and Peter Jenkins’s Looking for Alaska, a riveting adventure story of one man’s passion to understand and protect the grizzly bear—and his last foolhardy, violent encounter with one Ursus arctos horribilis, commonly known as the grizzly or brown bear, is one of the most feared animals on the planet. As its most outspoken protector, Timothy Treadwell tirelessly sought to overturn the perception of grizzlies as dangerously aggr...

 
Growing Up Grizzly: The True Story of Baylee and Her Cubs (Falcon Guide)
Growing Up Grizzly: The True Story of Baylee and Her Cubs (Falcon Guide)

Follow the true story of a young bear all alone in the Alaskan wilderness and the big-hearted grizzly family that embraced him as their own.Award-winning photographer Amy Shapira returned to the same remote cove in southeastern Alaska for six consecutive summers, capturing this incredible story as it unfolded. Through her breathtaking photographs and text from noted biologist and author Douglas H. Chadwick, the heartwarming tale of Baylee, her cubs, and the “adopted” bear Emmett comes....

 

Books On Brown Bears For Kids

Here are some great books on brown bears your kids might enjoy. Let people know which your kids like the best by voting. It's okay to vote for more than 1. And, you can add a another one from Amazon or take a copy of this list. If you add one, don't forget to vote for it!

Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?
Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?

A big happy frog, a plump purple cat, a handsome blue horse, and a soft yellow duck-- all parade across the pages of this delightful book. Children will immediately respond to Eric Carle's flat, boldly colored collages. Combined with Bill Martin's singsong text, they create unforgettable images of these endearing animals.Ages 3 to 5 years. 5"H x 7"W. 26 pages.

 
Brown Bear & Friends Board Book Gift Set: Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?; Polar Bear, Polar Bear, What Do You Hear?; and Panda Bear, Panda Bear, What Do You See? (Brown Bear and Friends)
Brown Bear & Friends Board Book Gift Set: Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?; Polar Bear, Polar Bear, What Do You Hear?; and Panda Bear, Panda Bear, What Do You See? (Brown Bear and Friends)

With more than 6.5 million copies sold in board book alone, Bill Martin Jr and Eric Carle’s classic Bear books have been a hit with young children for many generations. Now, for the first time, Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?; Polar Bear, Polar Bear,What Do You Hear?; and Panda Bear, Panda Bear, What Do You See? are available together in a boxed board book gift set—perfect for every baby’s first library.

 
Little Fur Family Deluxe Edition
Little Fur Family Deluxe Edition

There was a little fur familywarm as toastsmaller than mostin little fur coatsand they lived in a warm wooden tree. The Little Fur Family tells the story of a little fur child's day in the woods. The day ends when his big fur parents tuck him in bed "all soft and warm," and sing him to sleep with a lovely bedtime song. Cuddle up to a classic with this timeless story! Garth William's soft illustrations join Margaret Wise Brown's rhythmic text to create a gentle lullaby. Bound in imitation fur, L...

 
Big Brown Bear (Green Light Readers Level 1)
Big Brown Bear (Green Light Readers Level 1)

Bear is very big, very brown, and very busy. His tree house could use a little sprucing up, so Bear heads up the ladder with a plan and a bucket of paint. But Little Bear has a plan, too--including a little mischief that brings Bear (and his blue paint tumbling down to earth. With gentle rhymes and humor, award-winning author and illustrator David McPhail creates a cheery and bumptious bear hug of a story.

 

Video Of Alaska's Brown Bears

Brown Bear Mom And Cubs

Brown Bear Mom And Cubs
Brown Bear Mom And Cubs

Save Our Bears (SOB) Headquarters

Mamber of bear headquarters

Member of Save Our Bears Headquarters -- a group of lenses devoted to help change the plight all of the 8 bear species through awareness and fund raising.

The lenses show the wonderful nature of bears and many will, at the same time, shine a spotlight on the dangers bears face including: trophy hunters, gall bladder and bile farming, pollution, bear baiting, global warming, and habitat destruction.

You'll also find fun lenses on great polar bear movies, books, teddy bears, even cartoon and toy bears.

Click Save Our Bears (SOB) to go to the headquarters page.

Bear origami from "Animal Origami for the Enthusiast"

Bear origami from "Animal Origami for the Enthusiast"
Bear origami from "Animal Origami for the Enthusiast"

Bear origami

Animal Origami for the Enthusiast: Step-by-Step Instructions in Over 900 Diagrams/25 Original Models (Dover Origami Papercraft)
Animal Origami for the Enthusiast: Step-by-Step Instructions in Over 900 Diagrams/25 Original Models (Dover Origami Papercraft)

Animal Origami for the Enthusiast is complete with step-by-step instructions in over 900 Diagrams/25 Original Models (Origami) ncluding the bear pictured above.

 

Why me?

Why me?
Why me?

Kodiak Bear

Kodiak Bear
Kodiak Bear

Photo: Manfried, the Kodiak bear at PAWS before he passed away on March, 1, 2010.

Brown Bears out for a stroll

Brown Bears out for a stroll
Brown Bears out for a stroll

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Brown Bears (aka Grizzlies and Kodiaks)

Copyright

This work is covered by copyright and can not be reprinted

in any matter (physical or digital) without prior written consent.

Copyright 2008-2012 Frankie Kangas All rights reserved.

Please use this guestbook to let me know if something is missing or could be done better. I can't bear to disappoint you!

Bear hugs, Frankie

Guest Book For Reader Feedback

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    • KimGiancaterino profile image

      KimGiancaterino 5 years ago

      Oh, those cubs are just too cute!

    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 5 years ago from Canada

      Wow you have everything in this article that one could possibly want to know about brown bears. Tons of brown bear images, pictures, and videos too. Great!

    • GonnaFly profile image

      Jeanette 6 years ago from Australia

      We don't have any bears here is Oz, except in zoos so thanks for all the info. This lens has been blessed and added to my animal alphabet lens.

    • GramaBarb profile image

      GramaBarb 6 years ago from Vancouver

      Hope todays blessings help your charity! Blessed

    • imolaK profile image

      imolaK 6 years ago

      Wow, these bears are huge! Blessed!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      cool

    • KarenTBTEN profile image

      KarenTBTEN 7 years ago

      What a lot of resources on brown bears! I found this browsing the "Walk in the Woods" lens. Featured on "Desert and Forest Ecosystems: Lesson Plans".

    • MikkiGVee profile image

      MikkiGVee 8 years ago

      I love your lens. These large bears look so powerful and cuddly - at the same time.

    • DougP LM profile image

      DougP LM 8 years ago

      Informative, entertaining and great photographs. They look so lovable when they're far away!

    • evelynsaenz1 profile image

      Evelyn Saenz 8 years ago from Royalton

      Welcome to A Walk in the Woods. Don't forget to go back and add this lens to a Plexo.

    • naturegirl7s profile image

      Yvonne L. B. 8 years ago from Covington, LA

      Welcome to the Naturally Native Squids group. Don't forget to add your lens links to the appropriate plexos and vote for them.

    • chefkeem profile image

      Achim Thiemermann 8 years ago from Austin, Texas

      A hearty SquidAngel Blessing for your lens. I had to watch another bear killing in AK.

    • ElizabethJeanAl profile image

      ElizabethJeanAl 9 years ago

      Great lens. Do to TV shows and movies, Grizzly Bears have a bad rep. Your love of the bears shines through your lens.

      5*

      Lizzy

    • chefkeem profile image

      Achim Thiemermann 9 years ago from Austin, Texas

      In a few short weeks, I'll be facing these beautiful animals again, when they try to get into my Alaska lodge kitchen trash...oh, man!

      Welcome to www.squidoo.com/groups/squidoo-activists

    • RaintreeAnnie profile image

      RaintreeAnnie 9 years ago from UK

      It was an amazing experience for me to see bears in Canada while on holiday; I am fascinated by them and it was great to read about them here. Wonderful photos!