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Updated on May 13, 2011
Whitney05 profile image

Whitney has over 10 years of experience in dog training, rescuing and dog healthcare.

Pug History

Pugs were bred to sit on the laps of Chinese emperors during the Shang dynasty in East China.

The breed's popularity quickly spread into Tibet, where monks commonly kept pugs. The breed then spread to Japan and Europe.

The pug was first imported to Europe in the late 16th and 17th centuries by merchants and crews from the Dutch East Indies Trading Company.

During these centuries, the breed was commonly used as scent hounds. They were, also, used by the military to help track both animals and people. The breed was employed as the guard's dogs.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Pugs spread through France before coming to the United States.

Pug Temperament

Pugs very sociable, but they can be very stubborn at times. The breed is clever, charming, and playful.

They are very smart, and are known to succeed in dog training and obedience

Pugs are sensitive to the tone of a human voice, so harsh punishment is generally unnecessary. Pugs are very receptive to positive reinforcement training and clicker training.

While Pugs usually get along well with other dogs and animals, they generally prefer the company of humans, requiring a good deal of human attention.

In general, they are very attentive dogs, always at their owner's feet, in their lap, or following them from room to room.


Pug and Beagle Mix Breed Dog
Pug and Beagle Mix Breed Dog

Pug Appearance

Pugs tend to range an average of 14 to 18 pounds. As they are prone to suffer obesity, you must provide exercise for the laid back dog.

Pugs have a fine, glossy coat that can appear in apricot, fawn, silver, or black.

They have curly tails that sit tightly above the hip.

Pugs are heavy shedders, as they tend to shed year round. You can find special shampoos to help minimize shedding.

Pug Health

Because Pugs have short snouts and flat faces, they are very susceptible to eye injuries such as eye puncture wounds, scratched corneas, and painful Entropion.

Because of the compact nature of their breathing passageways, Pugs can have problems such as difficulty breathing.

As dogs regulate their body temperatures by their tongues, because pugs have breathing problems, they may have trouble controlling their body temperature.

Because Pugs were bred to be indoor pets only, they must not be left outside in temperatures over 80 degrees Fahrenheit, despite loving to "sunbathe." You should never leave a Pug in hot or cold temperatures for extended periods of time.

Pugs can be prone to obesity, so you must make sure to provide regular exercise and a healthy diet.

Pugs can also suffer from a chronic form of granulomatous meningoencephalitis, an inflammation of the brain, which is an inherited health concern, and hemivertebrae. Both of these health problems tend to result in euthanasia.

Pugs tend to suffer the "reverse sneeze," which is not harmful to the dog, but may scare him. You can relax the dog and rub on its throat gently.

With proper care Pugs have an average lifespan of about 10 to 15 years.

Pug Puppy

Pictures can be found at


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    • lundmusik profile image

      lundmusik 6 years ago from Tucson AZ

      great article on pugs... we have two, ages ten and eleven,, now joined by the dojuajua thanks for your article...

    • profile image

      Multiman 6 years ago

      I enjoyed this article!

    • Nixon545 profile image

      Nixon545 7 years ago from Carlsbad, CA

      cute pugs if u like pictures check out my hub of my pug.

    • MtnMan56 profile image

      MtnMan56 8 years ago

      My Pug sticks right with me 24/7 most of the time since I am disabled. He will not go to bed till I do.

      Everyone should be owned by a Pug at least once in their life!

    • Bonnie Ramsey profile image

      Bonnie Ramsey 8 years ago from United States

      Adorable, Whitney! It is like watching a film of mine. He is identicle to these on your hub!. Mine loves to hug me a lot. Every time I pick him up, he puts his head on my shoulder or on my chest and presses really hard to let me know he is giving me a hug. It's wonderful!

      He loves my daughter's Pit, Bo, as long as he don't mess with his bedtime toys! LOL Between Bo, Pug and Cookie, the cat, I have a bed full every night, even without Danny! When he is home, I have to make Bo and cookie sleep with their Mama to make room for Paw lol. Great hub!

    • Peter M. Lopez profile image

      Peter M. Lopez 9 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      I love Pugs. I have always wanted a Pug, and even more so now. Thanks for the info.

    • MrMarmalade profile image

      MrMarmalade 9 years ago from Sydney

      I loved them all and certainly was not aware of the emperors' laps


      thanks for an entertaining hub

    • profile image

      Abhinaya 9 years ago

      Great information.If they were allowed to sit on the laps of Chinese emperors,they must be reaaaaaaaaally wonderful.Thanks and thumbs up!

    • funride profile image

      Ricardo Nunes 9 years ago from Portugal

      After reading this hub and watching the Pug puppy video I´m now a Pug lover ;)

    • Jackilyn profile image

      Jackilyn 9 years ago

      Absolutely adorable!!!!!!!! This is a thumbs up!