ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Training Your Dog

Updated on December 4, 2015
Source

Getting a dog is a huge responsibility, I'm sure you know. Many people see their dog like a child, they are part of the family. Some may go over the top, but it is always important to treat them like a human. They have needs and wants like any of us. They also need to be taught right from wrong. Here are some tips and tricks for training your puppy or dog.

First thing's first, be patient with your dog. Especially puppies, they may have a lot of energy and can be annoying and frustrate you, but think of it as having a baby. You wouldn't be rough or hurt your baby, nor would you neglect or ignore them. Same with a dog, if they are crying or whining, there's usually a reason. Maybe they are hungry or need to be walked, or in some instances, maybe there's a medical issue. They need to be cared for in all aspects.

When getting a puppy, it's easier to train them compared to adopting a dog from a previous home. This is because the puppy is very vulnerable and is only going to be learning what you teach them, not what a previous owner has taught them. Also, puppies are like children, their brains are like sponges. They are learning everything that they will use throughout their life from you. It's much harder to break bad habits or change actions when a dog has been doing certain things or acting certain ways for some time at another home. So when you spend nights awake listening to a whining puppy, or looking at your hands and arms only to find little teeth and nail marks from playing with your little one, remember it is to your advantage and you can shape their ways to satisfy you.

Praising

This is something that you will use to shape your dog's behavior. They need to know when something they do is good or bad. Use any phrase you want for this, obviously the most common is "good boy" and "good girl". Whatever you choose, make sure they know it and that they associate it with doing a good thing. You can do this by repeating it when they do something good, reinforcing with some treats never hurt either.

Source

Disciplining

This is an important point for me, because animal abuse is what upsets me the most. Discipline does not mean abuse, hit, or hurt your dog. Period. Dog's get into things and do things they aren't supposed to, we all know that. They way you handle the situation is what determines the future actions of your dog. If you catch your dog in the act, of doing something bad or that you don't want them to do, they need to know right away. Again, you can pick any word or phrase you want, whether its a simple "no", or "bad dog", "bad boy" etc. You must be firm, and ensure they know what you are referring to that is bad. If they have an accident in the house, which WILL happen, they need to be disciplined as they are doing it or right after. Not an hour or however long after when you find the mess, because it's gone out of their brain by then. By saying "no" strong and firmly so they know it was a bad thing, they will soon learn what they can't do. I had many nights up with my puppy when he was very hyper and crazy, he would bite and scratch my hands playfully, but to a young child it would hurt them. Not to mention what they could do as a full grown dog if you don't break the habit of rough playing. To break this habit, give them a toy instead of having them play with you. If it gets out of control (which mine did), then begin saying "no" firmly and disciplining them to associate play biting as bad. You may need to get tougher if they are out of control, I learned a trick to yell in their face. It sounds bad, but if you do it correctly, it works. My puppy would scratch and bite me thinking he was playing, I would keep a safe distance but yell "AHH" deep and loudly, until he stopped. Sometimes even this didn't work, so he would have to go in time outs. I would block off a section of the room instead of shutting him in a room with the door closed, this way he could still see me but know that what he did was bad. He would bark and whine, but I just ignored and made no eye contact. Eventually this settled him down.

Learning to sit

This is probably the first "trick" owners teach their dogs. It is very simple, if you do it right. For almost all training, treats and rewarding good behavior is the trick. Take your dog to a space that is open and quiet. You don't want to be crowded or have distractions when trying to get your dog to focus. Have a few treats in your pocket or out of reach of the dog, begin by calming them down if they are jumping at the treats. Have them standing in front of you and take the treat in your hand, not letting them take it. Firmly and clearly say "sit". Repeat it several times so they can identify the word. If they so happen to actually sit at this point, make sure you give them lots of praise. You need to associate sitting with the word "sit", and make sure they know it's a good thing to do. Most often than not though, they won't sit. So keep repeating the same thing, saying "sit" firmly. If they just look at you like they have no idea, they may need some help. Put your hand without the treat in it, on the base of their back, right above their tail. Gently push it as if you are pushing them to sit, continue until they do sit, keeping them focused on the treat in your other hand. Remember, be gentle. You don't want to be rough or hurt them because they will associate it with something bad, as if they are being punished. You want to make this as enjoyable for them as you can if you want them to be successful. Once you get them in the sitting position, give them lots of praise and treats. Then get right back into it, dog's brains are very short tempered. If you spend too much time praising, they will forget what it was all about, then you're back to square one. If you repeat the same things over and over they will learn. This is what I mean about being patient, it takes time. It's also important to take breaks. If they are not getting it, or you are becoming frustrated, come back to it later when you are both in a different mood. If they are understanding it, and have maybe sat once or twice, do it a few more times to resignate it in their brain, then take a break. Come back in a couple hours and do the same thing, making sure to give lots of praise and treats. Always remember to reward good behavior, otherwise it may stop. This trick also works for teaching "shake a paw" and roll over.

Leash training

Every dog needs exercise, and that means going for walks. Puppies need to be on leashes if there are dangers around, you may notice your puppy follows you everywhere, if you are outside in a safe area where they can't get into danger (no roads, cars, other dogs etc) then you may not need a leash right away. To begin leash training, it might be best to start in the house to practice, because the first time using it probably won't be much of a walk. Before you put the leash on your dog, let them see it and sniff it. Dogs use their nose for everything, they will want to sniff out the leash before you put it on them. Once they know it isn't going to hurt them, you can put it on them. If you want your dog to associate the leash with going for a walk, then say "walk" when you introduce the leash to them. Keep repeating "walk" and give treats, so they know it's a good thing. Most dogs, especially puppies will begin playing with the leash as if it is a toy. Most puppies will outgrow this, but if it is a problem for you then discipline them by saying "no" firmly when they begin to play with it. When you start walking with your dog on the leash, they probably won't want to. Try and coax them into walking with you, instead of pulling on the leash. Every time they listen to you and walk with you properly, reward with a treat and praise. Another problem owners have, is dogs pulling on the leash. There could be many solutions to this, but I don't agree with pulling them back on the leash as it may hurt their throat or neck. When my dog would pull, I would keep him close and just stop. Once he stopped pulling, we would continue. For every minute they are walking without pulling, give treats and praise. Repeating this over and over will teach them to walk properly.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)