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Texas State Flag Design - Symbolization for the Lone Star State

Updated on April 26, 2012

Texas State Flag

The Texas Lone Star Flag that we see flying today was actually the 1839 national flag of the Republic of Texas. It was approved on January 25, 1839 in a bill signed by president Mirabeau B. Lamar. Although the flag was The Republic of Texas’ national flag, the red, white and blue colors are the same colors as those used in the United States flag. The red, white and blue of Texas’ flag represent bravery, purity and loyalty, respectively. In a magazine article published in September 1948, author Adina de Zavala suggested that each point of the star had a meaning. According to her, the five points of the star represents the characteristics of a good citizen: fortitude, loyalty, righteousness, prudence and broadmindedness.

Initially, three flag designs were presented for consideration to the revolutionary government of the Republic of Texas. These designs reflected a strong commitment to a country tied to Anglo-American tradition, and still recognized ties to Mexico through the red, white and green colors of one of the designs. Click on the links below to see examples of each of the proposed flag designs.

The Republic of Texas

Early in 1836, Texas was still a part of Mexico. But on March 2, 1836, a delegation met at Washington-on-the-Brazos, the provisional capital, and chose to adopt the Texas Declaration of Independence. At that time, the Republic of Texas was born.

Although many Texans favored immediate annexation by the United States, various issues stood in the way.

The State of Texas

In 1845, sympathy for the Texan cause had grown in the United States to such a level that the annexation was finally approved. Texas became the 28th state on December 29, 1845. After nine years, eleven months, and seventeen days, the Republic of Texas no longer existed.

First Proposed Design

The first flag design contained the shape of an English Jack in the corner indicating the origin of the North American People. The stripes indicated the immediate descent of most of the Texians. It contained the red, white and green colors tying it to Mexico.

Second Proposed Design

The second flag design was very similar to the first, however, in place of the star in the field of stripes, it was proposed that a sun with the head of George Washington in the center, and rays, representing the light of liberty be used. These rays were to radiate all around the outside. Inside the rays, the motto curving around Washington’s profile was to read, “WASHINGTON – In his example there is safety”. Above this design, above the rays, the motto “Where Liberty dwells there is my country” was to be placed.

The stripes that were green in the first design were changed to blue and it was proposed to have exactly thirteen like what we find in the United States flag. The background behind the Union Jack was also proposed to be yellow.


Third Proposed Design was Approved

The third flag design created by Peter Krag and approved in 1839 is the flag that we see flying today.

Pledge of Allegiance to the Texas State Flag

Honor the Texas flag; I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas, one state under God, one and indivisible.

All Rights Reserved

Copyright © 2011 Cindy Murdoch (homesteadbound)

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Comments: "Texas State Flag Design - Symbolization for the Lone Star State "

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    • homesteadbound profile imageAUTHOR

      Cindy Murdoch 

      9 years ago from Texas

      Wesman Todd Shaw - Because our state is so big, it has so many different things to offer in the way of beauty, for the desert, to the mountains, to the piney woods, to the great plains. There is just so much diversity.

      I am glad to share the history of the flag. I think it is so interesting that our state flag was also the flag over Texas when it was a country in its own right. Thanks so much for stopping by!

    • Wesman Todd Shaw profile image

      Wesman Todd Shaw 

      9 years ago from Kaufman, Texas

      We've such an absolutely beautiful state, and I hope that it will stay that way. Texas gets such horrible press in the national media that I get to see some truly pathetic remarks about our state in my social networks.

      It's amazing how otherwise intelligent persons will disparage an entire state and all of it's people ...due to the actions of the past few governors.

      Oh well, one of my favourite things is talking about how wonderful this place is. I don't have to try very hard to do that either! Thanks for the link, and the very useful history lesson!

    • homesteadbound profile imageAUTHOR

      Cindy Murdoch 

      9 years ago from Texas

      I have lived in Texas my whole life. This year the heat has been very intense - you were lucky to have missed it. And it is so very dry. I have given up on most of my yard. The fires in Texas have been very scary.

    • slaffery profile image


      9 years ago from Kansas, USA

      God Bless Texas. Just seeing the Texas flag warms my heart. I grew up in San Antonio Texas and lived in New Braunfels for Ten years. Really miss it all but the heat ;) Welcome to Hubpages

    • homesteadbound profile imageAUTHOR

      Cindy Murdoch 

      9 years ago from Texas

      Hey kntrygal95. I like your play on letters there. Thanks so much for visiting my hub and for commenting. As to your question: In civic organizations that I have been a part of, we have always put our hand over our hearts. Welcome to hubpages

    • homesteadbound profile imageAUTHOR

      Cindy Murdoch 

      9 years ago from Texas

      Thanks for the welcome, ethel smith. And thanks for the comment.

    • kntrygal95 profile image


      9 years ago

      We recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the Texas State Flag

      in our monthly EE meetings. There is confusion on whether or not we are supposed to put our hands over our hearts, or have our right arm extended out, palm up. I've seen both done. Do you know which is correct?

    • ethel smith profile image

      Ethel Smith 

      9 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      Interesting and a belated welcome to Hubpages :)

    • homesteadbound profile imageAUTHOR

      Cindy Murdoch 

      9 years ago from Texas

      Doukka-chap, I appreciate your comments and I like your meaning of the star too. Thanks

    • homesteadbound profile imageAUTHOR

      Cindy Murdoch 

      9 years ago from Texas

      manthy, thanks for the comment. Looking forward to interacting more with you.

    • Doukka-chap profile image


      9 years ago from Montreal Canada

      Great article I like Texas history.

      The meaning if star is indeed christian, it means the star of Bethlehem and represents Jesus' birth and incarnation.

    • manthy profile image


      9 years ago from Alabama,USA

      Looks good to me I followed this from the forum,in fact I am gonna start reading more of your hubs so you gained a follower

    • homesteadbound profile imageAUTHOR

      Cindy Murdoch 

      9 years ago from Texas

      Thank you for your kind words, galleryofgrace. Being new to hubpages, I am still trying to find my way around, and it's good to know that someone finds the hub useful/interesting.

    • galleryofgrace profile image


      9 years ago from Virginia

      Excellent article, especially for someone studying the history of TX.


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