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Great European Artists

Updated on October 25, 2014
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Katherine has researched and written about many British, European and Japanese Artists - both past and present

Crop of the painting Un Atelier aux Batignolles by Fantin Latour - showing Manet at his easel. The group also includes Renoir, Bazille and Mone
Crop of the painting Un Atelier aux Batignolles by Fantin Latour - showing Manet at his easel. The group also includes Renoir, Bazille and Mone | Source

Introducing notable and famous painters from Europe

Great European Artists are those artists whose artwork has stood the test of time and still attracts people from miles around.

This site introduces some great European artists from France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Low Countries, Scandinavia and Spain.

Notable and famous artists are categorised by the country they are associated with. The links below provide a good starting point to finding out more.

There are two types of links:

  • links to compendium sites I've already developed about specific artists. These provide good quality information about and access to images by notable European artists that I admire
  • links to the Wikiepedia article about artists I want to learn more about

The definition of Europe excludes Great Britain - because I've already developed a separate compendium site which focuses on Great British Artists

Below you can find out about

  • GREAT DUTCH AND NETHERLANDISH ARTISTS
  • GREAT FRENCH ARTISTS
  • GREAT ITALIAN ARTISTS
  • GREAT GERMAN & AUSTRIAN ARTISTS
  • GREAT SCANDINAVIAN ARTISTS
  • GREAT SPANISH ARTISTS
  • EUROPEAN PAINTINGS

The list is by no means complete and this site - and the linked sites - will be updated periodically. All links are to other websites by makingamark.

GREAT DUTCH AND NETHERLANDISH ARTISTS

The Annotated Mona Lisa: A Crash Course in Art History from Prehistoric to Post-Modern (Annotated Series)
The Annotated Mona Lisa: A Crash Course in Art History from Prehistoric to Post-Modern (Annotated Series)

Paperback: 216 pages

Publisher: Andrews McMeel Publishing; 2 edition

(October 1, 2007)

 

The Annotated Mona Lisa - A Crash Course in Art History from Prehistoric to Post-Modern

RECOMMENDED: Rated an average of 4.4 out of 5 stars by 58 customer reviews

I own a copy of this book and it's one of my favourite Art History Books. It's clear and succinct and makes art history accessible while not being patronising.

Great Dutch and Netherlandish Artists from the past

famous painters from the 15th to the 19th century

The Low Countries - comprising Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg - have produced many famous artists. They are also home to many of the painters which were influential during the Northern Renaissance.

Portrait of a Man (Self-portrait?) by Jan van Eyck. Inscribed on frame (top): AΛC.IXH.XAN. (bottom): JOHES.DE.EYCK.ME.FECIT.ANO.MO. CCCCO.33O.2I.OCTOBRIS [As I can / Jan van Eyck made me on 21 October 1433].  The National Gallery, London.
Portrait of a Man (Self-portrait?) by Jan van Eyck. Inscribed on frame (top): AΛC.IXH.XAN. (bottom): JOHES.DE.EYCK.ME.FECIT.ANO.MO. CCCCO.33O.2I.OCTOBRIS [As I can / Jan van Eyck made me on 21 October 1433]. The National Gallery, London.

More Great Dutch Painters - including many Golden Age painters

These are a few of the Dutch artists which I plan to find out more about

Still Life (1628) by Balthazar van Ast pen and watercolour
Still Life (1628) by Balthazar van Ast pen and watercolour | Source
Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry - Juillet by the Limbourg Brothers
Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry - Juillet by the Limbourg Brothers | Source

The Dutch Golden Age - the Golden Age (1609-1713)

Dutch Golden Age started after the Twelve Years' Truce in 1609 and lasted until the conclusion of the Peace of Utrecht in 1713.

The Golden Age: Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century
The Golden Age: Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century

Hardcover: 536 pages

Publisher: Waanders Uitgevers

(August 4, 2006)

 

The Golden Age: Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century

This is the landmark book on the subject of Dutch painting in the seventeenth century. The text has 1,117 reproductions from the Golden Age, including 74 in full color.

GREAT FRENCH ARTISTS

The story of "Impressionism" - "Impression, Sunrise" (1873) by Claude Monet

This painting became symbolic of the Impressionist movement in France.

Impression, Sunrise (1873) by Claude Monet was hung at the first exhibition by a new group of painters in 1874. An art critic called Louis Leroy described the work - dismissively - as "impressionistic". The term was adopted and the new group became known as Impressionist painters. That exhibition subsequently was described as the First Impressionist Exhibition.

The painting itself now belongs to the Musee Marmottan Monet in Paris - along with a number of other paintings by Monet. It was stolen in 1985 and later recovered in 1990 and has been on display there ever since.

Great French Painters of the past

Artists are listed below in chronological order of their birth date. You can find out more about them on the websites I've developed for each artist - just click a link to access one

Mont Sainte-Victoire (1887) Paul Cézanne [Public domain]
Mont Sainte-Victoire (1887) Paul Cézanne [Public domain] | Source

“Cezanne is the father of us all.”
Pablo Picasso

Cezanne created a new way of painting which changed the direction of modern art.

He worked pretty much in artistic isolation. His aim was to combine the clarity of composition in classical painting with the observation, freshness and spontaneity of Impressionism.

The Private Lives of the Impressionists
The Private Lives of the Impressionists

Paperback: 368 pages

Publisher: Harper Perennial; Reprint edition

(October 23, 2007)

 

The Private Lives of the Impressionists

HIGHLY RECOMMENDED: Rated an average of 4.5 out of 5 stars by 39 customer reviews

This is both a chronicle of the development of Impressionism and a very enjoyable read.

It covers the lives of all the Impressionists - Manet, Monet, Pisarro, Czanne, Renoir, Degas, Sisley, Berthe Morisot and Mary Cassatt before, during and after the creation of their group. It also highlights the role played by other people such as Caillebotte and Durand Ruel who were important to the group

You can also read my review The Private Lives of the Impressionists for a LOT more about what this book is about and why I enjoyed it so much.

The Judgment of Paris: The Revolutionary Decade That Gave the World Impressionism
The Judgment of Paris: The Revolutionary Decade That Gave the World Impressionism

Paperback: 464 pages

Publisher: Walker & Company

(November 28, 2006)

 

The Judgment of Paris - The Revolutionary Decade That Gave the World Impressionism

HIGHLY RECOMMENDED

This book is essentially about the changes which occurred in Paris and the world of art in the decade prior to 1870. It's also a good book for emerging artists who might be finding it a bit of a struggle to establish a career as a professional artist. The insight into what other famous artists went through is a real education!

It focuses in particular on the lives of two painters and their very different approaches to painting - in terms of the 'old school' of academic painting and involvement in the the brave new world of Impressionism:

  • one is Ernest Meissonier, who is a famous painter in Paris in the 1860s. He has had an illustrious track record of exhibiting at the all important Salon, His reputation has been built on his meticulously detailed, realistic rendering of historical subjects.
  • the other is the young Edouard Manet, who is trying to make his career as a serious painter and who is torn between keeping the Salon happy and wanting to paint the way he wants to paint

I found it particularly interesting with respect to the inner workings of the Salon - and anybody who is involved with art societies will doubtless find this a good read for the same reason!

One of the great aspects of Ross Kings book is he does amazing research and then provides all his contextual notes and the associated timeline of events in an appendix at the end of the book.

More Great French Painters

More Great French Artists are listed below in alphabetical order by surname.

Oarsmen Rowing on the Yerres (1877) by Gustave Caillebotte
Oarsmen Rowing on the Yerres (1877) by Gustave Caillebotte | Source

GREAT ITALIAN ARTISTS

The Thames and the City of London from Richmond House (1747) by Canaletto
The Thames and the City of London from Richmond House (1747) by Canaletto | Source

More great Italian Artists - before 1600

More Great Italian Artists are listed below in alphabetical order by surname.

Spring (1573) by Giuseppe Arcimboldo
Spring (1573) by Giuseppe Arcimboldo | Source

GREAT GERMAN & AUSTRIAN ARTISTS

Famous German and Austrian Botanical Artists

Merian, Besler, Bauer and Ehret

Artists are listed below in chronological order of their birth date.

A Parrot Tulip, Auriculas, and Red Currants, with a Magpie Moth, its Caterpillar and Pupa by Maria Sibylla Merian.  Black chalk, bodycolour and watercolour on vellum; 31.6 × 26 cm (12.4 × 10.2 in)
A Parrot Tulip, Auriculas, and Red Currants, with a Magpie Moth, its Caterpillar and Pupa by Maria Sibylla Merian. Black chalk, bodycolour and watercolour on vellum; 31.6 × 26 cm (12.4 × 10.2 in) | Source
Henry VIII and Henry VII, cartoon for wall painting in Whitehall, 1537. Pen in black, with grey, brown, black, and red wash; paper mounted on canvas, 257.8 × 137.1 cm. National Portrait Gallery, London.
Henry VIII and Henry VII, cartoon for wall painting in Whitehall, 1537. Pen in black, with grey, brown, black, and red wash; paper mounted on canvas, 257.8 × 137.1 cm. National Portrait Gallery, London. | Source

More Great German Painters - before 1900

More great German Artists who lived before 1900 are listed below in alphabetical order by surname.

The wanderer above the sea of fog (1818) by Caspar David Friedrich
The wanderer above the sea of fog (1818) by Caspar David Friedrich | Source

Great Contemporary German Artists - 20th and 21st century painters and photographers

These are famous German painters and a photographer born in the 20th century. They are listed below in alphabetical order by surname.

GREAT SCANDINAVIAN ARTISTS

Interior with Ida Playing the Piano by Vilhelm Hammershøi
Interior with Ida Playing the Piano by Vilhelm Hammershøi | Source

More Great Scandinavian Artists - from Norway, Sweden and Denmark - predominantly before 1940

More great artists from Norway, Sweden and Denmark are listed below in alphabetical order by surname.

GREAT SPANISH ARTISTS

Sorolla: The Masterworks
Sorolla: The Masterworks

Hardcover: 224 pages

Publisher: Skira Rizzoli; First Edition edition

(October 2, 2012)

 

Sorolla: The Masterworks

Rated 4.6 out of 5 stars by 22 customer reviews on Amazon

Joaqun Sorolla, the Spanish Impressionist painter, was often compared to his contemporary John Singer Sargent. If you like Sargent's work, you're bound to like Sorolla as well

There aren't many good books by Sorolla around and when they're published they sell out fast and then become expensive to buy second hand. This is the latest book about Sorolla and it's essentially a picture book - including a 100 paintings - with not a lot of text.

More Great Spanish Artists from the past

More great artists from Spain are listed below in alphabetical order by surname.

More Modern and Contemporary Spanish Artists - 20th century artists

More great 20th century Spanish artists are listed below in alphabetical order by surname.

EUROPEAN PAINTINGS

More about European Painting - Museum Collections

Great collections of European paintings are found in great Museums within and outside Europe

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    • annieangel1 profile image

      Ann 3 years ago from Yorkshire, England

      what a useful resource on European artists - thanks for sharing it

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      anonymous 3 years ago

      This is a great example of a well crafted page that combines commentary and resources.

    • siobhanryan profile image

      siobhanryan 3 years ago

      A lot of hard work has been invested in this lens-enjoyable and interesting

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      Drengur 3 years ago

      This is a very interesting lens and I enjoyed reading it.

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