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The History of Landscape Painting
Learn about the development of landscape painting
Find out how landscape painting has developed across the centuries and different continents.
This resource for art lovers identifies
- major movements in the history of landscape art
- famous landscape artists from the past
- famous art schools associated with landscape painting
- major subjects for andscape painting
- popular locations for landscape art
This site is part of the The Art of the Landscape project and as such is a work in progress with new sites being added all the time
The Art of the Landscape Project
HISTORY OF LANDSCAPE PAINTING
History of the Landscape Genre - links to online articles and information websites
- Landscapes, Classical to Modern Curriculum (Education at the Getty)
This curriculum from the Getty Museum for elementary and secondary students explores ideas behind western landscape art.
- Landscape Painting: History, Development, Artists
Landscape Painting Genre: History, Examples, Famous Plein-Air Artists
- Best Landscape Artists, Top 10 List of Greatest Painters of Landscapes, Scenic Views: Oils, Watercol
Best Landscape Artists, Top 10 List of Greatest Painters of Landscapes: Sisley, Cuyp, Corot, Jacob Van Ruisdal, Claude Lorraine, Constable, Monet, JMW Turner: Oils, Watercolours: 1400-Present
- Smithsonian: Landscape Painting - Artists who love the land
Smithsonian Institution lesson plans in History, Art, Science, Language Arts and Social Studies.An introduction to landscape painting and American landscape artists: Catlin - Moran - Bierstadt - Homer
'Landscape and Western Art'
HIGHLY RECOMMENDED I own this book and it provides an excellent overview of the history of western landscape art
Average Amazon review: 5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 3 customer reviews)
Implying that land is the raw material, and that art is created by turning land into landscape, which then becomes art, author Malcolm Andrews takes the reader on a thematic tour of the fascinating and challenging issues of landscape as art. The books broad sweep covers the full, rich spectrum of landscape art, including painting, gardening, panorama, poetry, photography, and art. Artistic issues are investigated in connection with Western cultural movements, and within a full international and historical context.
Landscape Art - painting and painters on Wikipedia
- Landscape art - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Landscape art is the depiction of natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests, and especially art where the main subject is a wide view, with its elements arranged into a coherent composition.
'Landscape into Art' by Kenneth Clarke
Kenneth Clark's 1949 volume has been considered to be the the bible of the history of landscape painting in western art.
"It was one of the first and most successful attempts to put some chronology on the evolution of the genre. It is still unsurpassed for its discussion of landscape through the late 19th century and therefore deserves a place in the library of anyone interested in this subject."
The book does NOT include any colour reproductions
An introduction to landscapes in art for children - Created by the Museum network
This eLearning resource has been created by the Museum Network with funding from the DCMS/DfES Strategic Commissioning Programme.
This website is targeted at children and young people. It's very suitable as a starting point for adults too.
- History of Landscape painting
Ever wanted to know more about landscape art? This website has been designed for KS3 and KS4 students and their teachers.
- History of Landscape painting - Site map
The site map highlights the content of this website
- History of Landscape painting - 14th - 16th Century
Landscapes as a backdrop for other paintings. The landscape as an art in its own right gained in popularity in the Renaissance when the 'Classical' vision of the land as a place for pleasure was reborn and people looked at the landscape with renewed
- History of Landscape painting - 17th Century
Two main centres of landscape art in the 17th century - in the Netherlands and Italy
- History of Landscape painting - 18th Century
The Age of the Grand Tour - and paintings to remember it. France and Britain became the new centres of landscape art.
- History of Landscape painting - 19th Century
Technologcal innovation brought two important changes - the introduction of photography and tube paint which encouraged the development of painting in the open air.
- History of Landscape painting - 20th Century
The development of landscape art involves new media and a new emphasis on the impact of changes in the countryside aligned to changes in the economy
- Places | Landscapes in art. Explore, learn, inspire.
The places that landscape paintings depict can be real, completely imaginary or a combination of actual and imagined elements.
- Composition | Landscapes in art. Explore, learn, inspire.
Composition is the arrangement of the main parts of a painting in relation to each other. The way a painting is composed has a great deal of impact on the way we look at, interpret and understand it.
- Styles | Landscapes in art. Explore, learn, inspire.
Artists express many different things through their landscapes and this dictates the way, or style, in which they paint.
- Perspective | Landscapes in art. Explore, learn, inspire.
Covers aerial perspective, linear perspective and conceptual perspective
- Materials | Landscapes in art. Explore, learn, inspire.
Considerations about which materials to use when developing landscape art
Articles about Landscape paintings
- The Guardian - Arcadian fire: how British art fell in love with the pastoral
Two new shows reveal how artists such as Gainsborough, Sir Peter Lely and Paul Sandby depicted a golden, escapist Britain. By Jonathan Jones
The Pastoral Landscape by John Dixon Hunt (Editor)
Experts consider how arts and artists have worked within the pastoral tradition since ancient times.
Landscape paintings in Museums and Art Galleries
Visit popular art galleries and museums around the world
Find out which are the top ten art galleries and museums in the world - based on visitor numbers in 2013 - and how to visit them in person or virtual reality.
Pay a virtual visit to the Musée d'Orsay in Paris to see:
- Famous french art produced between the years 1848 and 1914.
- Famous paintings by the major Impressionist painters
The Louvre is a very large and famous museum in Paris. 9.72 million people visited the Louvre in 2012 - 3.5 million more than any other museum in the world..
SUBJECTS FOR LANDSCAPE PAINTINGS
The Picturesque - subjects - Subjects for Landscape Paintings
- Developing Subjects for Landscape Painting - Victoria and Albert Museum
BRITISH WATERCOLOURS 1750 - 1900 Developing Subjects for Landscape PaintingFrom the middle of the 18th century a number of British writers sought to define and categorise human responses to natural phenomena, most notably Edmund Burke with his explor
- Italy - Victoria and Albert Museum
DEVELOPING SUBJECTS FOR LANDSCAPE PAINTINGFor many 18th century British artists Italy was a land of inspiration - with its classical remains and Renaissance art and architecture. For British patrons, the Italian landscape was often imagined through t
- Ruins - Victoria and Albert Museum
DEVELOPING SUBJECTS FOR LANDSCAPE PAINTINGRuins were originally of interest mainly to antiquarians, and the Antiquarian Society which formed in the early 18th century, employed a number of artists to record notable sites......Ruins gained a new curre
- Mountains - Victoria and Albert Museum
DEVELOPING SUBJECTS FOR LANDSCAPE PAINTINGThe British first became accustomed to paintings of mountainous scenery through the popular dramatic work of the 17th century Italian Salvator Rosa.............Later, Edmund Burke, in 'A Philosophical Inquiry
- Cottages & Churches - Victoria and Albert Museum
DEVELOPING SUBJECTS FOR LANDSCAPE PAINTINGGainsborough was an important pioneer, giving popular pictorial expression to contemporary English rustic landscape. In fact, what today seem typically English motifs - church spires and cottages peeping from
'The Search for the Picturesque: Landscape Aesthetics and Tourism in Britain, 1760-1800' by Malcolm Andrews
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. The Rise of the Picturesque
- Poetry and the Discovery of the British landscape
- Landscape Painting and the Picturesque Formula
- The Evolution on the Picturesque Taste, 1750-1800
- Travelling Knick-knacks
II. The Picturesque Tours
- The Wye Valley Tour
- The North Wales Tour
- The Tour of The Lakes
- The Highlands Tour
The Poetic Landscape
- handprint : the poetic landscape
The poetic landscape presents the geography and architecture of landscape from a subjective point of view, using elements of myth, fantasy or the picturesque. These works form a long but complex tradition in European painting, culminating in the roma
- handprint : the poetic landscape - Gilpin and the Picturesque
According to Gilpin, the term picturesque was "expressive of that peculiar kind of beauty which is agreeable in a picture," which he set up as a new type of beauty alongside Burke's beautiful and sublime. At its core, the picturesque was characterize
LANDSCAPE ART & ARTISTS IN THE UK
The Art of the Landscape - Britain - timeline, movements and artists
- The Art of the Landscape: Britain
This page contains links to more information about British Landscape Artists and a timeline index of British Landscape Art. More information will be added as the project progresses. Some of the links are to threads in the Art of the Landscape Ning Fo
Landscape Painting in England
- English Landscape Painting, 18th/19th Century: History, Development, Styles, Artists: JMW Turner, Jo
English School of Landscape Painting, 18th/19th Century: Origins, History, Methods, Artists, Media: Oils/Watercolours, Turner, Constable, Girtin, Richard Wilson, Gainsborough
Famous landscape artists in the UK (Past)
- Thomas Gainsborough - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thomas Gainsborough (christened 14 May 1727 - died 2 August 1788) was one of the most famous portrait and landscape painters of 18th century Britain.
- Thomas Girtin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thomas Girtin (18 February 1775 - 9 November 1802) was an English painter and etcher, who played a key role in establishing watercolour as a reputable art form. ... Girtin's early landscapes are akin to 18th-century topographical sketches, but in lat
- Thomas Gainsborough, Portrait Artist, English School: Biography, Style, Influences, Paintings
Thomas Gainsborough: Portrait Artist, 18th Century English School: Biography, Painting Style, Influences, Examples of Portraits
- Thomas Girtin (1775-1802) English Landscape Painter, Watercolours: Biography, Paintings, Engravings
Thomas Girtin, 18th Century English Landscape Painter, Watercolourist: Biography, Paintings, Engravings
- John Constable - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John Constable (11 June 1776 - 31 March 1837) was an English Romantic painter. Born in Suffolk, he is known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, the area surrounding his home-now known as "Constable Country"
- Richard Wilson, English Landscape Painter, 18th Century: Biography, Painting Style, Influences, Lega
Richard Wilson, English Classical Landscape Painter of 18th Century: Biography, Paintings, Portraits, Art Style, Legacy
British Landscape Artists - resources for art lovers
Find out about the English artist Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851) - aka JMW Turner, one of Britain's greatest painters.It shares information about...
Peter Doig (1959 - present) is one of Britain's most prominent and exciting young painters. He broke auction records for a living European artist in 2007 when...
David Hockney (1937-present) has been voted the UK's most popular living artist. Find out about: - the life and art of David Hockney - museums, galleries,...
Famous Contemporary Landscape Artists in the UK
- Peter Doig - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Many of Doig's pictures are landscapes, very abstract, with a number harking back to the snowy scenes of his childhood in Canada. Doig's landscapes are splendidly layered formally and conceptually, and draw on assorted artists from art history, inclu
Blogging about British Landscape Painters
- Making a Mark: Review: Paul Sandby - Picturing Britain Exhibition at the RA
An exhibition to celebrate the man known as "the father of English watercolour painting" opens at the Royal Academy of Arts in London on Saturday 13th March.Yesterday I went to see Paul Sandby RA: Picturing Britain, A Bicentenary Exhibition which fea
LANDSCAPE ART & ARTISTS IN EUROPE
The art of the Landscape - Europe - timeline, movements and artists
- Landscape Painting from the National Gallery of Art (pdf file)
This program traces changing attitudes toward landscape painting from the Renaissance to the twentieth century.
- The Art of the Landscape: Europe
This page contains links to more information about European Landscape Artists (past and present) and a timeline index of European Landscape Art. More information will be added as the project progresses. Some of the links are to threads in the Art o
Landscape Painting in France
- The Transformation of Landscape Painting in France | Thematic Essay | Timeline of Art History | The
Related Timeline ContentTimelines----------------------------France, 1600-1800 A.D.France, 1800-1900 A.D.Thematic Essays----------------------------American ImpressionismAmericans in Paris, 18601900Claude Monet (1840-1926)The Daguerreian Age in Franc
Flemish Landscape Painting
- Flemish Baroque painting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dutch and Flemish Landscape painting of the Baroque period
Notable Landscape Artists in Europe
- Category:Landscape artists - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Artists whose body of work is landscapes or seascapes.
- Eugne Boudin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Eugne Boudin (12 July 1824 - 8 August 1898) was one of the first French landscape painters to paint outdoors.Boudin was a marine painter, and expert in the rendering of all that goes upon the sea and along its shores. His pastels, summary and economi
- Pieter Bruegel the Elder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525 - 9 September 1569) was a Netherlandish Renaissance painter and printmaker known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (Genre Painting).
- Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (July 17, 1796 - February 22, 1875) was a French landscape painter and printmaker in etching. Corot was the leading painter of the Barbizon school of France in the mid-nineteenth century. He is a pivotal figure in lands
- Caspar David Friedrich - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 - May 7, 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important of the movement. He is best known for his mid-period allegorical landscapes which typically feat
- Emil Gruppe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Although Gruppe is best known for his variety of impressionistic landscapes, he also painted figures and portraits. His modern style was largely inherited from the French Impressionist Monet.
- Jacob Van Ruisdael, Dutch Realist Landscape Painter: Biography, Paintings, The Jewish Cemetery, Rijk
Jacob Van Ruisdael, 17th Century Dutch Realist Landscape Painter, Haarlem: Biography, Paintings: The Jewish Cemetery, The Cornfield and the Travellers: Exhibitions, Rijksmuseum
- Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch Realist Landscape Painter, Italianate Style: Biography, Paintings: Dordrecht Sch
Aelbert Cuyp, 17th Century Dutch Realist Landscape Painter, Italianate Style, Dordrecht School: Biography, Paintings: The Sea by Moonlight (Hermitage)
- Claude Lorrain, Baroque Landscape Painter: Biography, Paintings: Claudean Italianate Classical Lands
Claude Lorrain, Baroque Landscape Painter, 17th Century Classical Style: Biography, Paintings: Italianate Mythological Landscapes
- Christen Købke - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Christen Schiellerup Kobke (May 26, 1810 – February 7, 1848). Kobke is one of the best known artists belonging to the Golden Age of Danish Painting.
"Work in haste, so as to seize nature as She is"— Pierre-Henri de Valenciennes (1750-1819)
European Landscape Artists - Resources for Art Lovers
Find out about Vincent Van Gogh, his drawings and paintings and where you can see and read about them online and in art museums and books. This site shares...
Claude Monet is a very famous painter. He's also a key figure in the development of Impressionism in France and elsewhere. Learn about Monet
Find out about the famous Post-Impressionist painter Paul Cezanne. This overview of Cezanne's life and art provides a compendium of links to more information..
Canaletto is famous for his landscape paintings - particularly those of Venice - and he is a key figure in the development of landscape painting
LANDSCAPE ART & ARTISTS IN NORTH AMERICA
Landscapes, or views of nature, play a significant role in American art. The earliest American landscape paintings were topographic illustrations of farms, cities, and landmarks
The Art of the Landscape - North America - timeline, movements and artists
- The Art of the Landscape: North America
This page contains links to more information about British Landscape Artists and a timeline index of British Landscape Art. More information will be added as the project progresses. Some of the links are to threads in the Art of the Landscape Ning
Famous Landscape Artists in USA
- Thomas Cole - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Frederic Edwin Church - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Frederic Edwin Church (May 4, 1826 - April 7, 1900) was an American landscape painter born in Hartford, Connecticut. He was a central figure in the Hudson River School of American landscape painters.
- Sanford Robinson Gifford - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sanford Robinson GiffordBorn July 10, 1823(1823-07-10) Greenfield, New York Died August 29, 1880 (aged 57)
- Albert Bierstadt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Albert Bierstadt (January 8, 1830 - February 18, 1902) was a German-American painter best known for his large landscapes of the American West. In obtaining the subject matter for these works, Bierstadt joined several journeys of the Westward Expansio
- Asher Brown Durand - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Asher Brown Durand Born August 21, 1796(1796-08-21) Maplewood, New Jersey Died September 17, 1886 aged 90)
- Thomas Moran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thomas Moran Born February 12, 1837(1837-02-12) Bolton, Lancashire, England
- List of Hudson River School artists - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is an incomplete List of Hudson River School Artists. The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement
- Group of Seven (artists) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Group of Seven were a group of Canadian landscape painters in the 1920s, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley.
American Art - Landscape Painting
- Luminism (American art style) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Luminism is an American landscape painting style of the 1850s - 1870s, characterized by effects of light in landscapes, through using aerial perspective, and concealing visible brushstrokes. Luminist landscapes emphasize tranquility, and often depict
- American scene painting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
After World War I many American artists rejected the modern trends emanating from the Armory Show and European influences such as those from the School of Paris. Instead they chose to adopt academic realism in depicting American urban and rural sce
American Landscape Artists - Resources for Art Lovers
Find out about Andrew Wyeth (1917-2009) - one of the USA's most popular and celebrated artists. Wyeth was an American Contemporary Realist Painter who worked...
Find out about Georgia O'Keeffe - American painter and pioneer of American Modern Art: - her life and influences; - her flower paintings - her southwestern landscapes -...
Find out about John Singer Sargent - noted American painter, draftsman, portraitist, muralist and watercolorist. This site provides a comprehensive overview...
Find out about James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903 the American painter and print-maker who lived in England and was a leading figure of the Aesthetic Movement.
Find out about the famous American painter Winslow Homer. This site shares information about the paintings and artwork of Winslow Homer, including: * museums...
The Jack Pine by Tom Thomson
Famous Landscape Artists in Canada - Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven
Tom Thomson is the most famous Canadian landscape painter. His work influenced those who created the Group of Seven - although he was not part of it and died before it started.
The Group of Seven were:
- Franklin Carmichael (1890-1945),
- Lawren Harris (1885-1970),
- A. Y. Jackson (1882-1972),
- Franz Johnston (1888-1949),
- Arthur Lismer (1885-1969),
- J. E. H. MacDonald (1873-1932), and
- Frederick Varley (1881-1969).
"Above all elements Canadian, these are painters who knew how to handle paint and colour, and how to turn a small sketch executed on the spot into a high-pitched studio masterpiece."
Brian Sewell, The Evening Standard
- 'Painting Canada: Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven' | Dulwich Picture Gallery
This exhibition will reintroduce their stunning impressions of the Canadian landscape created by Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven to the British public for the first time since the 1920s
- Tom Thomson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tom Thomson Born August 5, 1877 Claremont, Ontario. Died July 8, 1917Tom Thomson, was an influential Canadian artist of the early 20th century. He directly influenced a group of Canadian painters that would come to be known as the Group of Seven, and
- Tom Thomson Online
Tom Thomson [Canadian Painter, 1877-1917] Guide to pictures of works by Tom Thomson in art museum sites and image archives worldwide.
- Group of Seven (artists) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Group of Seven, sometimes known as the Algonquin school, were a group of Canadian landscape painters from 1920-1933
- Franklin Carmichael - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Franklin Carmichael (May 4, 1890 - October 24, 1945) was a Canadian artist. He was the youngest original member of the Group of Seven.
- Franklin Carmichael Online
Franklin Carmichael [Canadian Group of Seven Painter, 1890-1945] Guide to pictures of works by Franklin Carmichael in art museum sites and image archives worldwide.
- Lawren Harris - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lawren Stewart Harris, CC (October 23, 1885 - January 29, 1970) was a Canadian painter, born in Brantford, Ontario and best known as a member the Group of Seven. He pioneered a distinctly Canadian painting style in the early twentieth century.
- Lawren S. Harris Online
Lawren S. Harris [Canadian Group of Seven Painter, 1885-1970] Guide to pictures of works by Lawren S. Harris in art museum sites and image archives worldwide.
- A. Y. Jackson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alexander Young Jackson, CC, CMG (October 3, 1882 - April 5, 1974) was a Canadian painter and a founding member of the Group of Seven.
- A.Y. Jackson Online
A.Y. Jackson [Canadian Group of Seven Painter, 1882-1974] Guide to pictures of works by A.Y. Jackson in art museum sites and image archives worldwide.
- Frank Johnston (artist) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Frank Johnston (June 19, 1888 - July 19, 1949) was a Canadian artist associated with the Group of Seven.
- Frank Johnston Online
Frank Johnston [Canadian Group of Seven Painter, 1888-1949] Guide to pictures of works by Frank Johnston in art museum sites and image archives worldwide.
- Arthur Lismer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Arthur Lismer, CC (27 June 1885 - 23 March 1969) was an English-born Canadian painter and member of the Group of Seven.
- Arthur Lismer Online
Arthur Lismer [English-born Canadian Group of Seven Painter, 1885-1969] Guide to pictures of works by Arthur Lismer in art museum sites and image archives worldwide.
- J. E. H. MacDonald - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
James Edward Hervey MacDonald (May 12, 1873 - November 26, 1932) was born in Durham, England and was a member of the famous Group of Seven Canadian artists.
- J.E.H. MacDonald Online
J.E.H. MacDonald [English-born Canadian Group of Seven Painter, 1873-1932] Guide to pictures of works by J.E.H. MacDonald in art museum sites and image archives worldwide.
- Frederick Varley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Frederick Horsman Varley, also known as Fred Varley (January 2, 1881 - September 8, 1969), was born in Sheffield, England and was a member of the Canadian Group of Seven artists.
- F.H. Varley Online
F.H. Varley [Canadian Group of Seven Painter, 1881-1969] Guide to pictures of works by F.H. Varley in art museum sites and image archives worldwide.
- Dulwich on View | Coast to Coast with Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven
Coast to Coast with Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven - Julian Beecroft's trans-Canada blog
The Group of Seven artists
Six of the Group of Seven, plus their friend Barker Fairley, in 1920.
From left to right: Frederick Varley, A. Y. Jackson, Lawren Harris, Fairley, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, and J. E. H. MacDonald. It was taken at The Arts and Letters Club of Toronto.
Source: Image from Wikipedia
LANDSCAPE ART & ARTISTS IN ASIA
The Art of the Landscape - Asia - timeline, movements and artists
- The Art of the Landscape: Asia
This page contains links to more information about Asian Landscape Artists and a timeline index of Asian Landscape Art. More information will be added as the project progresses. Some of the links are to threads in the Art of the Landscape Ning Foru
Japanese Landscape Artists - Resources for Art Lovers
The compendium site is about the famous Japanese ukiyo-e artist Hiroshige (1797-1858) who was most famous for his landscape prints. It provides links to information...
Find out about Hokusai (1760-1849), the famous Japanese ukiyo-e artist and his drawings, artwork and woodblock prints and where you can see and read about them...