# Using Triangles in Patchwork Quilts

## All About Triangles in Quilts

The importance of straight grains when cutting triangles for patchwork quilts cannot be emphasised enough.

### What Kind of Triangle?

A triangle by any other name would still be a triangle! There are equilateral, isosceles, right, scalene...

### How Are Patchwork Triangles Different?

In patchwork, there are two kinds of commonly used triangles: **half-square** triangles and **quarter-square** triangles. In the quilt Singing the Blues, at right, both quarter- and half-square triangles were required in the solid blue fabric.

Actually, from a maths point of view, these are both right triangles and usually isosceles.

### Why Does It Matter?

In a patchwork block, the ideal is to have the straight of grain at the edge or parallel to the edge of the block/quilt.

My very first patchwork article was on this topic, because people kept showing me blocks which were stretchy on the edges, because some tutors didn't understand why it mattered.

So why *does* it matter?

If the block edges are not on the straight grain there is a danger that the blocks may finish at all different sizes and the quilt will not hang well. The other problem that occurs is that the edges are 'wavy' and hard to control when joining them to the next block, or when attaching the borders.

I decided to write an explanation for patchworkers, and that's how I got my first writing gig at Down Under Quilts magazine!

## Triangles In Patchwork

Should have the straight grain parallel to the edge of the block or the quilt in order to have the quilt lie flat.

## Straight Grain is Important

It keeps the quilt straight.

How does this work?

To understand, you need to start with a square of fabric.

A square of fabric has four straight grains — one on each side.

*Or it shoul*d!

It is important to cut carefully so that your patches are on the straight grain of the fabric, either crosswise grain or lengthwise grain.

To see what this means in practice, here is a traditional block called Shoo Fly.

One of the triangles in the corner is marked with the correct grain lines.

## Half-Square Triangles

### These Have Two Straight Grains

Start with a square of fabric.

If you cut the square across the diagonal, you get two halves, that is, 2 half-square triangles.

Rule for ½ Square triangles

Cut a square of fabric whose length =

finished side of square + 7/8"

Cut this square in half diagonally.

## Triangle squares

### These units are ...

... what you get after you join two half-square triangles together.

That would be how the units in the corners of the Shoo Fly block above would need to be constructed.

## Quarter-Square Triangles

### What Are They?

Quarter-square triangles have one straight grain on the long side, and two bias edged (stretchy grain) sides.

To see how this works, start with a square of fabric.

If you cut the square with an X, you get 4 quarters — quarter-square triangles, which have one straight grain on the long side — being the side of the original fabric square.

These triangles have one straight grain side: the side of the starting square.

They also have two bias grain sides: ve-e-e-ry stretchy!

Rule for 1/4 square triangles

Cut a square of fabric whose length =

finished side of square + 1¼"

Cut this square with an X

## Ohio Star Blocks

The traditional Ohio Star block has quarter-square triangles only and is shown here with the grain marked on the quarter-square triangles, at the edges.

It is essential that these are triangles with the straight grain at the edge of the block, otherwise the edges will be ruffly and hard to use. The side of these triangle patches is one third of the side of the entire block, so it is very important.

When you make the Ohio Star block (above, right), you'll need four of the units (right), each made using four quarter-square triangles.

Each coloured triangle in the diagram is a quarter of the square that they make when sewn together, and therefore they need to have the straight grain on the long sides.

## How else are triangles used

in patchwork quilts?

Apart from constructing blocks and borders, triangles are used to turn blocks on point, or to set blocks on point into an entire quilt setting.

- For turning blocks on point
- For setting blocks into on point quilts

The quilt at the top of this page is set with triangles.

## 1. Turning Blocks On Point

### How to Calculate the Size of the Triangles

In my book Listen With Your Eyes, there is a quilt by one of my students (Anne Archer) using many blocks set into triangles (Moody Blues).

If you want to use a block on point in a straight set quilt, you need to sew triangles to the corners.

## How It Works

For turning blocks on point to set them in straight set using rotary cutting, you need to be able to calculate the size you have to cut.

**Here is What You Do:**

First, you need to establish the diagonal measurement of your block when finished, e.g. 6 inch block.

The mathematics come from Pythagoras' theorem about the square on the hypotenuse and so on, but it is simple.

## Maths? Don't Worry

It's easy my way.

**Close Enough!**

You say that this diagonal is about 1 ½ times the finished side of the block, for a 6" block, that will be 9".

In reality it is 6 x 1.4142, but 1½ times is close enough!

### Next Step

Now you need half that measurement, because you are only putting triangles on the corners.

I like to call these corners 'imaginary squares' because that is what 'appears' once the corner triangle is sewn on. (See the diagram at right.)

So for our example, you need 9 divided by 2 which is 4 ½,

**Apply the Rule**

Next you apply the rule for half-square triangles which is '*add ⅞" to that finished size*'

- So 6" x 1 ½ = 9"
- Half of 9" = 4 ½"
- Add ⅞" to 4 ½" = 5 ⅜"

Cut two squares this size and cut in half diagonally to get all four corners.

It's the same reasoning for *any* size block and the sides are then all on the straight grain.

## It's a Triangular Mystery

Triangles of both types are used in this Mystery Quilt.

Can you see which are half-square and which are quarter-square triangles?

## 2. Setting Blocks into an On-Point Quilt Set

- Making on point quilts sets simple

Setting a quilt on point is not as hard as is thought. To set blocks together on point, requires several setting triangles — the triangles which are needed at the edge to make the quilt lie flat

## Sewing Curved Seam Triangle Squares (A Request From Jenni)

## Was this lens helpful - in your patchwork and quilting?

## Did you learn anything about triangles for patchwork?

**© 2009 Jan T Urquhart Baillie **

## Patchwork Triangle Questions? - Ask Jan T

Like Catherine I would like to know what to do with the excess fabric at the corners?

I am hand stitching triangles patchwork - when I attach papers what do I do with the excess fabric at the corners

i am looking for a pattern of a nine patch quilt made from triangles only. I remember my grandmother piecing one a long time ago. I would love to have a pattern. Thanks

I love patchwork quilting and use triangles a lot. Great introduction and instructions.

This is information I needed to know. Thanks Lensrolled it to my 3 quilting lenses.

Excellent lens. You've clearly laid out instructions step by step. Great stuff, thanks.

hello Jan

I am new to patchwork quilting I am trying to sew a border made up of triangles and when attached to my quilt having the point of the triangle sharp I sewed them together but the triangle point was not pointy

If there are any special instruction you have preferablely visual I would appreciate it

Debra from New Lambton (Newcastle NSW Australia)

hi i'm new to this and i guess my question will be stupid sounding but i need to know how to stop cuting off my points on triangles. take the ohio star when i set it together with shashing it cuts the points off the triangles how do i stop it and get a clean crisp point on my block. thanks marty

I love to quilt. I use mostly blocks but triangles add flare.

Thanks for sharing,

Lizzy

great explanation of triangles in quilts. Now I know why my one and only quilt has problems.:)

Wonderfully informative for any quilter.

Blessed by an Angel

@JanTUB: Sure thing!

@JanTUB: Jan T

Thank you so much for offering to help; however, I finally figured it out on my own - I must have been having a little "mental block" when I started cutting the triangles.

@JanTUB: It says 8 3/4 inches half-square triangles - Does this mean the bottom of the triangle is to be 8 3/4 inches? That is what I think but I'm not sure and hate to cut the fabric since this is a kit and has much fabric for errors.

I know this is probably a dumb question, but I seem to have a mental block right now. I have a kit that calls for 8 3/4 triangles and I can't figure out how to do them. Also the triangles must be "fussy cut" but that's not a problem. Believe it or not, I've made about 6 quilts and never had a problem until now.

27