ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Business and Employment»
  • Small Businesses & Entrepreneurs

How to Raise Quails

Updated on July 1, 2012
Never-fail-quail recipe 1 (
Never-fail-quail recipe 1 (
Quail-California State Bird
Quail-California State Bird
Male quail
Male quail
Blue-breasted quail
Blue-breasted quail
Newly-hatched quails
Newly-hatched quails

Quail raising is really in demand. I’ve interviewed local quail raisers during my radio stint and found out that quails are easy to manage and have good laying performance. However, people in the country often rely on raising chickens because they don’t have to buy feeds for them, whereas they will spend much money on raising quails. We used to catch the wild quails when raining because they cannot fly higher and just hide themselves on the ground.

It’s opposite in the city where you have only minimal space. Aside from dogs and cats as pets, some city dwellers or residents try quail raising and rely their additional income to it. They said it is really productive.

Let’s begin to raise quails

There are two kinds of quails. The two breeds suitable for quail raising are the “Japanese” quail (Coturnix japonica) and the “American” quail (Coturnix coturnix).

It is ideal to start with quail pullets or quail chicks about a month or 35 days old that are uniform in sizes. The male birds can already be identified by the dark brown color of the breast feather. Avoid buying birds with streak of white or black feathers because these are possible signs of inbreeding. The seller will or should provide the record of parent stock for assurance of the quality of initial stock.

A beginner like us can start with 10-15 pullets or young quails.

Let’s make the cage for the quails

Materials include plywood, ¼ inch mesh wire and 1”x1” lumber to serve as framework.

Space requirement at chick stage (1-15 days old) is 2.5” per bird for both Japanese and American breeds. So if you have 10-15 pullets, the space required should total into 20.5” up to 39.5”.

At growing stage (16-35 days old) is 3”x3”/bird is recommended for the Japanese breed while 3.5”x3.5”/bird for the American breed. Total space will be 30”x30” for Japanese quails and 52.5”x52.5” for American quails.

During the laying stage (36 days old and up), space requirement is 3.5”x3.5”/bird for the Japanese and 4.5”x4.5”/bird for the American breed.

The cages should not be too high. Providing large space for the birds can lead to injuries because of too much movement. A 5” or 6” height is enough to accommodate the birds. Construct the cages (for three stages) in well-ventilated areas.

Remember the temperature

Remember the three cages you’ve made: chick stage, growing stage and laying stage.

For first 5 days, the required temperature is 95 F. This may be reduced down to 85 F on the 10th day. A 50-watt bulb is needed to provide heat to the chicks inside the brooding cages.

Growing cages should be ready after 15 days in the brooding or chicks cages. Exposure to light should be limited to 12 hours per day. They should have sufficient sleep during this stage in order for the quails to grow uniformly.

Note: Small ones should be disposed or separated. The average mortality rate at the start of the growing period up to 35 days is 1%-4%.

Male quails are darker in color especially on the breast feather. At this stage, female birds can be segregated and transferred to the laying cages. It is not advisable to mix male birds to the laying cages unless fertile eggs are to be produced.

The remaining birds can be fattened for additional 25 days. These are dressed (cleaned) and sold as broilers. During the fattening period, light should be restricted from 6-8 hours a day to improve meat quality.

The crude protein requirement requirements are 28%, 24% and 26% at its chick, grower and layer stages, respectively.

Other factors to be considered

Egg laying starts on the average of 45 days from hatching. The production cycle lasts for 300-320 days. During this stage, maintain a steady supply of fresh and clean water. Extra light up to midnight may be given to allow the birds to consume feeds.

Quail manure has high ammonia content due to the high protein level in quail feeds. It should be removed daily to avoid discomfort to the birds. A manure receptacle should be placed under the cage.

Chicken feeds are not advisable to feed the quails. It will result to high mortality rates and uneven growth. It can also result to stoppage of laying eggs.

High laying efficiency is equals to correct consumption of protein in every level. Chick stage-7g/day (Japanese), 10 g/day (American); for growing stage 17 grams -32 grams; and laying stage 23 grams-45 grams per day.

Health maintenance should be considered from day one until the maturity of the quails. There is no known morbid disease affecting them except respiratory disorder with very low mortality rate. Proper sanitation should be observed and followed with regular cleaning and disinfection. Vitamin premix can be added to drinking water to promote growth and improve laying performance.

Marketing eggs should have the availability of market outlets. This will ensure the regular orders of quail eggs. For small-scale/backyard raising, eggs can be placed in a basket and marketed fresh. Large-scale operation requires cartoon boxes with special dividers to avoid breakage of the eggs.

Storing the eggs in a cool dry place with proper air circulation can keep the eggs fresh for seven days.

Broilers, on the other hand, are treated as secondary product in quail raising Dressed birds are chilled and sold by the dozen or kilo. Restaurants, especially those that promote French cuisine fancy the meat of quail broilers for a special menu called quail souffle.

Male quails can also be sold, as well as the feathers and dung for additional income.

So, are you ready for this kind of livelihood? Please comment.

American Quail Raising

Filipino Dish on Quail Eggs


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Rico b0y 2 years ago

      Want to try quail balut 09471970012 09295195970

      Rabbit's for sales

      Native chicken cam sur

    • profile image

      Rico b0y 2 years ago

      Looking quail chick 09471970012. 09295195970

      Native chicken day old naga city

    • profile image

      Rico b0y 2 years ago

      Raising quail from cam sur 09471970012 09295195970

    • profile image

      benitez rico 2 years ago

      6 pesos each Quail ballut

    • profile image

      benitez rico naga city cam sur 2 years ago

      who wants to try Quail (pugo) eggs ballut order now minimum 100 eggs


    • profile image

      benitez rico 2 years ago

      I'm selling Quail

      day old 1-200 heads 10 pesos each

      1-500 heads 9 pesos each

      10 days old 1-200 heads 15 pesos each

      35 days old female 35 pesos each.

      fertile egg 4 pesos each

      order now at 09471970012 naga city

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 3 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @marlon: Here's what I've searched Marlon. Sorry if I don't have time texting you. I'm just happy to help you through this link.

      We are selling day-old quail chicks to small scale quail raisers on order basis.

      Prices of quail chicks differ depending on headcount of chicks ordered:

      150 heads and up ---- P35.00 each

      100 heads --------------P40.00 each

      50-99 heads------------P50.00 each

      Quail chicks will be available in 20 days after you placed your orders.


      Pay in cash soon as you receive the quail chicks all in good physical/health condition.

      Please contact: Leo Bautista landline-3218824 smart -09098558052

    • profile image

      marlon 3 years ago

      Hi.I'm marlon from davao city...where can i buy quail chicks...tnx...pls reach me thru my mobile no. 09999915710

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 4 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @Lancer Angeles: You can also contact Mr. Rico Benitez about it.

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 4 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @Ramoncito J Esperat: A fellow Bicolano, has provided his cp #09471970012 from Naga City. You can contact him for more info about quail production.

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 4 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @benitez rico: Thanks, but not now. I wrote this hub to inform readers about the benefits of raising quails.

    • profile image

      Lanzer Angeles 4 years ago

      Hi Quail enthusiast .I also planning to raise a quail for egg production.

      Is there anyone here could help me. I'm from San Pablo City is my number 09197229381.

    • profile image

      Ramoncito J Esperat 4 years ago

      I am from Rosario, Cavite, Philippines,

      where can I buy quail for egg production?

    • profile image

      benitez rico 4 years ago

      these is my # 09471970012 from naga

    • profile image

      benitez rico 4 years ago

      hi travel man . estoy contact me if u want quail

    • profile image

      benitez rico 4 years ago

      estoy if u ned quail contact me from naga

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 4 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @ estoy: Please check agri-pinoy site and vast information regarding quail suppliers are in there.

    • profile image

      estoy 4 years ago

      i am looking forward to raise quail farm. anyone can assist me? where can i buy quail birds in Bicol Region?thanks and best regards

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 4 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @oladele aniyi: Thank you for this valuable information. I am sure those interested will contact you ASAP.

    • profile image

      oladele aniyi 4 years ago

      for your fresh quail egg and quail birds call 0805532992 or 07030793266

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 5 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @precile: Thank you for finding this hub. Really? You can also find another quail breeder who would sell @ lower amount.

      I searched -quail breeders in the philippines- and it pointed me to awixmedalla of San Fernando, Cebu, Philippines (CP#09167625756).

      From where are you? You can email him ( if you're interested.

    • profile image

      precile 5 years ago

      were planning to go into quail raising,but its not easy as we read,we have to do more research,unfortunately we talk to the farm we can buy quail,,

      whew! the minimum order is 1000 pcs. and its cost 25 pesos each.

      we know that you have to put up a thousand of peso just to start this project,,,,

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 5 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @Akuh Emmanuel: Thanks for appreciating my effort.

    • profile image

      Akuh Emmanuel 5 years ago

      Quail is one of miraculous bird i have ever seen,am glad when some one introduce me to it.Presently i rear over 200 in my home.The are wonderful creatures.

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 7 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      Can you still catch one of those wild quails? I still can. LOL! After or even during light rain, those birds are just low-flying ones and you can have a merry chase if you want to catch one.

    • Arian Rey profile image

      Arian Rey 7 years ago from Pearl of the Orient Seas (PHILIPPINES)

      Wild quails in the Philippines gradually diminish due to excessive bird hunting.

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 8 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      Try eating first the eggs. It's only ten pesos per 10 eggs.

    • bacville profile image

      bacville 8 years ago from Manila, Philippines

      Quails are also good as pets. When I have enough money, I will buy and raise a dozen.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)