Methods and Techniques for Motivating Employees
Employee Motivation Techniques
Motivating employees is an important skill for supervisors, managers, and business owners to have. When developing motivation plans, it is important to recognize the individual differences among employees and realize that not all motivation techniques will work for everyone. Each employee must be evaluated to determine what motivates them the most. Below are several ideas for motivating employees and preventing job boredom or job overload.
Employee Motivation Through Job Rotation
Job rotation, also known as cross-training, can be very effective for employees that perform repetitive tasks in their job. Job rotation allows the employees to learn new skills by shifting them from one task to another.
Employee Motivation Through Job Enlargement
Job enlargement is a motivation technique used for employees that perform very few and simple tasks. Job enlargement increases the number and variety of tasks that the employee performs, resulting in a feeling of importance.
Employee Motivation Through Job Enrichment
This method increases the employees control over the work being performed. It allows employees to control the planning, execution, and evaluation of their own work, resulting in freedom, independence, and added responsibility.
Employee Motivation Through Flextime
Flextime allows employees to choose their own work schedule, to a certain extent. For example, if the office is open from 8am until 9pm, the employees can come in at any time during that period to complete their 8 hours.
Employee Motivation Through Job Sharing
This is a less common method, but very effective at preventing boredom. It allows 2 employees to share 2 different jobs. They could alternate days or weeks, working 20 hours in each position each week.
Employee Motivation Through Employee Involvement
People want to feel like they are a part of something. Letting the employees be more active in the decision-making related to their job makes them feel valued and important to the company and increases job motivation.
Employee Motivation Through Variable-Pay Programs
Merit-based pay, bonuses, gain sharing, and stock ownership plans are all great motivators for employees. However, don’t just give them out. Offer them as an incentive or reward for outstanding performance.