PARTICIPATE IN A WORKPLACE COMMUNICATION, PART 7
INFORMATION SHEET No. 5
EXPRESSING IDEAS AND THOUGHTS CORRECTLY
Look at the picture closely and read the dialogue.
Mang Victor: Alfred’s father, needs help, doesn’t he? Yes, he does.
Does Alfred understand his father? Does he get the message? Why?
“Help” “Alfred the ladder!” “over here” “Coming fast”
These are short oral messages which anyone understands because they express clear thoughts or ideas. However, when we write, we must state our ideas completely.
Compare the word groups in column I with those in Column II
You help me!
Alfred, the ladder!
Alfred you hold the ladder!
You come over here!
I’m coming fast!
Hurry up, please!
You hurry up, please!
The whole expression in Column II are called sentence, because they express complete thoughts or ideas.
Use the definition of a sentence to decide which of these word groups are sentences.
1. Alfred held the ladder tight.
2. Don’t move it.
3. Who is fixing the house roof?
4. Here comes the real capenter!
5. Mr. Manuel, the architect-contractor.
6. A big townhouse in Ayala, Alabang?
Notice that the first four word groups are SENTENCES. The last two examples may look like sentences. They begin with capital letters and end with punctuation marks like the period, but neither one expresses a complete thought.
See what happens when words or word groups are added to make them both sentences.
Mr. Manuel Miguel, the architect-contractor, plans the structure of the building.
Is Mr. Miguel building a big townhouse in Ayala, Alabang?
Do these word groups now suggest clearer, better and complete ideas?
KEEP IN MIND:
A sentence is a group of words that states a cxomplete thought
There are many kinds of sentences. Some sentences tell or ask something. Others give a command or express a strong feeling.
In a sentence, the beginning letter of the first word is always capitalized.
Each sentence ends with a punctuation mark, like a period, question mark, or exclamation point.
ACTIVITY SHEET No. 5:
A. Which of the following express complete thought and are therefore
sentences? Pick them out.
Which of the following do not express complete thought and are therefore not sentences? Rewrite them in meaningful sentences by adding necessary words.
Mang Victor and Alfred will put up a new fence (Sentence)
A good fence made of bamboo
(They built a good fence made of bamboo)
1. The old fence has rotten.
2. Into long strips.
3. However, nails are needed
4. The perimeter of our yard is about five hundred meters.
5. The height of the tallest post
6. My fingers
7. Sweat rolled down Mang Victor’s sturdy arms.
8. Chirping birds and buzzing bees.
9. How long are the bamboo strips?
10. In the tool box under the house.
A word group is a sentence if it begins with a word whose first letter is capitalized. It is also a sentence if it ends with a period, a question mark or an exclamation point.
In the following word groups, find three (3) sentences in each number and rewqrite them coirrectly. Observe proper punctuation and capitalization.
Last night Spintail, my dog, awakened me it was a little after midnight he was barking frightfully.
Last night Spintail, my dog , awakened me. It was a little after midnight. He was barking frightfully!
- it got dark rain started to fall we ran to the house
- acacia tree make good firewood they easily burn when dry some fine pieces of furniture are made of acacia tree
- indoor plant are refreshing rooms become naturally cood and beautiful with them having plants inside is like being in a garde havew plantsd in your room
- a stranger suddenly stopped me on my way to school he was a stern-looking man I began to trmble
- it is planting season people, young and old, have fun out in the fields again under the rain they work, sing and play.
SELF CHECK NO. 5:
Below are short meaningful sentences which anyone can use orally and understand easily. But when one writes, he must use sentences. Each sentence must have a person, place or thing, spoken of or to, and a word that expresses action or being.
Give a complete sentence for these messages.
The rice please. Please pass the rice, Mother.
- Thanks. _________________________________________________
- Not sure. ________________________________________________
- Go up. __________________________________________________
- Quick! ___________________________________________________
- See you. _________________________________________________
- Go. _____________________________________________________
- Six o’clock in the afternoon. _________________________________
- At the library. _____________________________________________
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