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Ahmed Shah Abdali's invasion of India

Updated on August 14, 2014
Ahmed Shah Abdali
Ahmed Shah Abdali

Ahmed Shah Abdali

Ahmed Shah Abdali was an young talented commander of the cavalry contingent in Nadir Shah's Administration. After the assassination of Nadir Shah, Abdali declared himself as ruler of Kandhar. Later he seized Kabul and founded the Kingdom of Afganistan. He enlisted a huge army and became more powerful.

He invaded India five times. In 1748, he planned an attack on the India for the first time, this was ended in a drastic defeat. In 1749, he made a successfully invasion and defeated the Governor of Punjab. However, he was induced to return on a promise by the Punjab governor of an annual remittance of some amount and was not paid regularly, this made Abdal to invade India again in 1752. Punjab and Sindh provinces were surrendered this time to Abdali by Mughal Emperor. Abdali appointed his men as in-charge of the newly acquired provinces.

In 1756, Abdali crossed the Indian territory and marched towards Delhi. He plundered as much as he can and as far as Mathura and Agra. While returning he recognised Alamgir II as the emperor at the Delhi throne. In 1758, the Peshwas (Ministers) of Marathas expelled Abdali's men from Delhi and appointed their own people as in-charge, this made Abdali to invade India one more time. With this invasion the glory of Marathas in India has come to an end. Anarchy was created all around in the Mughal Empire and finally after many events it paved a way for the British East India company to take control over India.


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    • profile image


      4 years ago

      Thanx i got many things for my project work on foreign invasion.

    • profile image

      shahzada Azhar ALI shah 

      6 years ago


    • profile image


      7 years ago

      nice story but something was missing you know somtething that ahmad shah abdali is/ was one of the stronges,youngest,powerful,udefeated and mercifull roler and king of asia not only india he has gone to iran, bukhara, bangladesh, nepal, current but not will be more pakistan,uzbakistan,tajkistan,and many more places but he has never made them slaves

    • profile image

      Siddharth sharma 

      7 years ago

      all the information provided was very helpful as I needed it for my history project work on foreign invasions

    • dilipchandra12 profile imageAUTHOR

      Dilip Chandra 

      8 years ago from India

      CHEMISTRYOFLIFE... Thanks for the comment :)

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      A nice spotlight on History of India!

      Your hubs are full of information as well make History interesting.

    • dilipchandra12 profile imageAUTHOR

      Dilip Chandra 

      8 years ago from India

      Robwrite... thanks for the comment.

    • Robwrite profile image


      8 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Succinct and informative. Thanks for this.


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