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ESL - Mixed Conditionals Exercise

Updated on April 22, 2015

ESL - Mixed Conditional Exercise

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The zero, first, second and third conditionals are in the same time frame. But what do you do when a situation isn't covered by these definitions?

That's where the mixed conditionals come into play. Look at the example below. They are the most commonly used mixed conditionals.

Past – Present


Past action: You spent all your money at the weekend.

Present consequence: You can't afford to buy lunch today.

If clause (Type 3)
Main clause (Type 2)
If you hadn't spent all your money yesterday,
you would be able to buy lunch today.
1.
 
2.
 
3.
 

Now put this information into the clause boxes above:

1. Past action: He didn't finish the course of antibiotic.

Present consequence: He is still lying sick in his bed.

2. Past action: She didn't take the short cut.

Present consequence: She is now sitting in traffic.

3. Past action: He bought a T.V. last year.

Present consequence: He won't buy the new concave model T.V that's on sale now.



Present – Past

Present fact: I am tired.

Past consequence: I wasn't able to go for a run this morning.

If clause (Type 2)
Main clause (Type 3)
If I weren't so tired,
I would have gone for a run this morning.
4.
 
5.
 
6.
 

Now put this information into the clause boxes:

4. Present fact: You are a bad public speaker.

Past Consequence: You were embarrassed at a conference.

5. Present fact: You are too trusting

Past Consequence: You were cheated out of your money.

6. Present fact: I am busy at work.

Past Consequence: I couldn't go out with my friends.



Past – Future

Past fact: She didn't agree to the changes in the project.

Future consequence: We are not implementing them soon.

If clause
Main clause
If she had agreed to the changes in the project,
we would be implementing them soon.
7.
 
8.
 
9.
 

Now put this information into the clause boxes:

7. Past fact: Patri organised the party, not Rupert.

Future consequence: We are not enjoying ourselves very much.

8. Past fact: Marta spent all her money on shoes.

Future consequence: She will not go to the concert tomorrow.

9. Past fact: You called me.

Future consequence: We are going to the theatre tomorrow.



Present – Future

Present fact: Brad is not here.

Future consequence: He won't take us to the shopping centre.

If clause
Main clause
If Brad were here,
he would take us to the shopping centre.
10.
 
11.
 
12.
 

Now put this information into the clause boxes:

10. Present fact: Danny is so distracted.

Future consequence: He won't be a successful student.

11. Present fact: Jose is nice.

Future consequence: He will take you on a holiday.

12. Present fact: We are satisfied.

Future consequence: We will renew the contract.



Future – Past

Future fact: Your parents are coming.

Past consequence: I didn't plan a city break to Vilnius.

If clause
Main clause
If your cousins weren't visiting this weekend,
I would have planned a city break in Vilnius.
13.
 
14.
 
15.
 

Now put this information into the clause boxes:

13. Future fact: Margarida is taking us on a camping trip.

Past consequence: I didn't go to your party.

14. Future fact: You aren't going to watch the match.

Past consequence: I didn't go with you to the city

15. Future fact: She will be spending next week on study leave.

Past consequence: I didn't ask her to do it.



Future – Present

Future consequence: I won't be worried.

Present fact: I am not the one dealing with that difficult student

If clause
Main clause
If I were the one dealing with that difficult student,
I would be worried.
16.
 
17.
 
18.
 

Now put this information into the clause boxes:

16. Future consequence: I won't be annoyed.

Present fact: My package arrives.

17. Future consequence: I won't be very excited.

Present fact: I won't go to the aquarium on Monday.

18. Future consequence: I won't be nervous.

Present fact: I'm not going to go skydiving tomorrow.



Match the sentence stems


  1. If you hadn't tried to fix the microwave,

  2. If it had been any hotter,

  3. It would be too cold in the winter

  4. If he didn't have to start the new job tomorrow,

  5. If the boss were here today,

  6. If you had more time,

  7. If she had won the singing competition,

  8. They would be extremely excited

  9. If you had recorded Game of Thrones last night,

  10. We would have nothing to eat


a. He would be giving us hell.

b. I would have given you a refund.

c. we could watch it now.

d. if Charlotte hadn't made us something last night.

e. she'd be going to the finals in London.

f. If we hadn't fixed the central heating.

g. if they were going on their school trip this week.

h. I would have been able to show you around.

i. he wouldn't be so anxious now.

j. I would be turning on the air conditioning.



Flowers

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Suggested Answers

.

Past - Present

If he'd finished the course of antibiotics as prescribed, he wouldn't still be lying sick in his bed.

If she'd taken the short cut, she wouldn't be sitting in traffic now.

If he hadn't bought that T.V. last year, he'd probably buy the new concave model that's on sale now.


Present - Past

If you weren't such a bad public speaker, you wouldn't have been embarrassed at the conference.

If you weren't so trusting, you would not have been cheated out of your money.

If I weren't so busy, I could have gone out with my friends.


Past – Future

If Rupert had organised the party instead of Patri, we would be enjoying ourselves a lot more.

If Marta hadn't spent all her money on shoes, she would go with us to the concert.

If you hadn't called me, we would not be going to the theatre tomorrow.


Present – Future

If Danny wasn't so distracted, he would be a successful student.

If Jose weren't so nice, he wouldn't take you on holiday.

If we weren't satisfied, we wouldn't renew the contract.


Future – Past

If Margarida weren't taking us on a camping trip this weekend, I would have gone to your party.

If you were going to watch the match live, I would have gone with you to the city.

If she weren't spending next week on study leave, I would have asked her to do it.


Future – Present

If my package didn't arrive tomorrow, I would be annoyed.

If I were going to the aquarium on Monday, I would be very excited.

If I were going to go skydiving tomorrow, I would be extremely nervous.


Match the sentence stems

  1. If you hadn't tried to fix the microwave, I would have given you a refund.
  2. If it had been any hotter, I would be turning on the air conditioning.
  3. It would be too cold in the winter if we hadn't fixed the central heating.
  4. If the boss was here today, he would be giving us hell.
  5. If you had more time, I would have been able to show you around.
  6. If she had won the singing competition, she'd be going to the finals in London.
  7. If he didn't have to start the new job tomorrow, he wouldn't be so anxious now.
  8. They would be extremely excited if they were going on their school trip this week.
  9. If you had recorded Game of Thrones last night, we could watch it now.
  10. We would have nothing to eat if Charlotte hadn't made us something last night.


© 2015 Muttface

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