ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Teaching Adverbs

Updated on April 26, 2015

Teaching Adverbs

Source

What are adverbs?

Luckily, Now, A lot, Possibly and Hardly Ever are all adverbs. Looking at those four words, do you find it difficult to see the connection between them? Well, don’t worry if you find it confusing, you wouldn’t be the first!

The easiest way to understand them is to think of them as categories of words that tell us how, why, when or under what conditions something happened.

Adjectives modify nouns and adverbs modify pretty much everything else! They are separated into adverbs of manner, time, place, frequency, quantity, attitude and degree.

That’s why they all look different and can be found in various positions in a sentence. This article looks at the different types of adverbs and gives clear and straightforward examples of each, which will hopefully (adverb!) give you a better understanding of them.



Adverbs of manner

They tell us how something is done, e.g. The students were shouting noisily, She treated him fairly.

Most adverbs of manner can be formed by adding ly to an adjective: Quick = Quickly. If the adjective ends in e, remove the e and add ly: Gentle = Gently. If the adjective ends in y, remove the y and add ily: Easy = Easily. If the adjective ends in ic, remove ic and add ally: Automatic = Automatically.

There are other exceptions that do not follow these rules:



Irregular Adverbs (ly rule)

Adjective
Adverb
Hard
Hard
Fast
Fast
Straight
Straight
Good
Well
Difficult
With difficulty

There are adjectives that end inly, but are not adverbs such as: friendly, cowardly, silly or manly. To use these as an adverb, you would say: They behaved in a silly manner/way.

There are other adverbs that look like they were formed using the ly rule above, but have a completely different meaning to the adjective, e.g. hardly and simply.



What are adverbs?

Source

Adverbs of frequency

They tell us how often something is done, e.g. Always, often, sometimes, hardly ever, seldom, rarely, never.

Adverbs of definite frequency, e.g. Once or twice a day, Every Tuesday, Every 2 years.

You normally position the adverb of frequency before the main verb.

  • She never cleans her room.
  • We rarely see our grandparents.

Adverbs of definite frequency come at the end of a sentence.

  • We take the dog to the vet every 6 months.

Usually, sometimes, often and occasionally can be placed at the very beginning of the whole clause.

  • Usually he’s in a better mood.

Sometimes and often can also be positioned at the end of a clause.

  • I don’t go to Mass often.
  • I go to the graveyard sometimes.

The adverb of frequency goes after the verb To Be.

  • He is seldom late.
  • You are always in a good mood.

If there are 2 auxiliary verbs then the adverb goes between them.

  • She should never have taken that money.
  • It has always been developing in that manner.



Source

Adverbs of Time

This expresses when something is done, e.g. Tomorrow, Yesterday, Today, Now, Then. These adverbs are usually found at the end of a clause.

  • I’ll be there tomorrow
  • We’ll see you then!

Adverbs of relative time: Soon, Afterwards, Just, Already, Still, Yet, Recently and Currently.

Afterwards and soon are normally placed at the end of a clause.

  • He’s leaving soon.
  • I’ll ring you afterwards.

Just is positioned before the main verb or between 2 auxiliary verbs.

  • He left about an hour ago.
  • We’ve just been talking about you.

Already and Still are placed before the main verb or at the end of a clause.

  • They’ve packed already.
  • We’re still waiting.

Yet goes at the end of a clause.

  • Have you washed yet?

Recently and Currently can go at the end of a clause, before the main verb or between 2 auxiliaries.

  • I went there recently.
  • They are currently working on a solution.



Adverbs of Place

These tell us where something is done, e.g. Inside, Over there, Here.

Generally we place them at the end of a clause.

  • Let’s go inside.
  • I don’t like it here.



Adverbs of Degree

They tell us to what degree something is done.

  • Hardly, Barely, Very.

Intensifiers make the adverbs and adjectives stronger.

  • He’s extremely depressed today.
  • I’m completely fed up.

Downtoners make the adverbs and adjectives weaker.

  • She’s rather quiet.
  • You’re fairly certain?

Adverbs of degree are placed before the adjective, adverb or main verb.



Adverbs of Quantity

How much something is done, e.g. Lots, not many, much. Normally we place these adverbs at the end of a clause.

  • She thanked him a lot.
  • They ate very little.



Source

Focusing Adverbs

These adverbs draw attention to specific information e.g. Specifically, Especially, Particularly.

In addition, they illustrate some kind of a limitation – Only, Just, Purely.

They also refer to something already mentioned – Also, Too, Either.

The sentence position can vary for these adverbs, but they are usually placed just before the thing that they are qualifying.

  • I love chocolate, especially white chocolate.
  • There was no one else there, just him.
  • I hate housework too.



Attitude Markers

These express the speaker’s attitude or opinion. Examples: Unfortunately, Seriously, Luckily, Clearly, Stupidly, Apparently, Frankly, Maybe, Definitely and Naturally.

They illustrate a speaker’s reaction to an event.

  • Understandably, she doesn’t want to speak to me again.

They show how likely a situation is.

  • He’ll probably be really angry.

They demonstrate a speaker’s opinion.

  • Personally, I can’t stand that guy.

Attitude Markers are flexible and can be placed at the beginning of a sentence, before the main verb or after the first auxiliary.




© 2013 Muttface

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Muttface profile imageAUTHOR

      Muttface 

      5 years ago from Portugal

      Thanks for reading Schoolmom!

    • Schoolmom24 profile image

      Schoolmom24 

      5 years ago from Oregon

      Wow, extensive info on adverbs! But as a home school parents, it's very familiar territory! :)

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)