ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Emperor Chandragupta Maurya and Jainism

Updated on July 18, 2016

Acharya Bhadrabahu and Chandragupt Maurya

Chandragupt Maurya was the founder of Mauryan dynasty. He defeated the mighty Magadhan emperor Dhananand of Nand Dynasty, and became the emperor of Magadh. Almost all of the India, including present day Pakistan and Afghanistan were parts of Magadhan Empire.

Chandragupt ruled for 25 years. After retiring from the throne, he became a naked Jain monk. Acharya Bhadrabahu, the most influential Jain ascetic of that time was Chandragupt’s spiritual teacher.

At that time, the region was suffering from a dreadful famine. Acharya Bhadrabahu, Chandragupt Maurya and about 12000 Jain monks decided to migrate. First, they migrated to west, and from there to southern parts of India. The monks settled in southern parts of Karnataka and Northern parts of Tamil Nadu, with their head quarter at Shravanabelagola.

In Shavanabelagola, Chandragupt Maurya became a Jain Acharya, i.e the head of a group of monks. His name as a head was Acharya Prabhachandra. Bhadrabahu, Prabhachandra and other monks promoted Jainism in the southern parts of India.

In the last days of their life, Acharya Badrabahu and Acharya Prabhachandra, both adopted Sallekhana, a Jain way of death by starvation.

There are two hills at Shravanabelagola. One is known as Indragiri and the other one as Chandragiri. The name Chandragiri of the hill was kept in memories of Chandragupt. There is a famous meditation cave on the hill known as ‘Bhadrabahu Gufa’ i.e Bhadrabahu Cave, where Acharya Bhadrabahu meditated. On the same hill, there are footprints of Chandragupta carved on a rock.

Chandragiri hill is full of rock inscriptions written in ancient and medieval period. The oldest inscriptions are in Prakrit language. There are many Jain temples on the hill. The most ancient temple is known as Chandragupt Basdi, i.e. Chandragupt Temple. Inside this temple, there is a carved history of Chandragupt’s migration with Acharya Bhadrabahu to Shravanabelagola.

A commemorative postage stamp on Emperor Chandragupt Maurya
A commemorative postage stamp on Emperor Chandragupt Maurya

Shravanabelagola: Pilgrimage Center of Jains

Shravanbelagola is one of the most important pilgrimage centers of Jains and now it has become world famous. On Chandragiri hill, you can see many beautiful and historical Jain temples, the meditation cave where Acharya Bhadrabahu meditated and the footprints of Chandragupt Maurya.

On the Indragiri hill, there is world's largest monolithic statue. The statue is of Lord Bahubali, the famous son Rishabh the first Teerthankar of Jains, and brother of Bharat, the first mythical Chakravarti i.e Emperor of Greater India. A big abhishek ceremony is celebrated every 12th year. Millions of people from all over India and other countries attend this ceremony.

On the two hills, there are over 600 inscriptions carved in ancient and medieval period, which are very important for knowing the history of Karnataka and India. The oldest inscription of Marathi language is carved near the footstep of the giant statue of Gomateshwara.

Footprints of Chandragupt Maurya at Chandragiri Hill, Shravanabelagola in Karnataka State, India.
Footprints of Chandragupt Maurya at Chandragiri Hill, Shravanabelagola in Karnataka State, India.
Bhadrabahu Gupha at Chandragiri Hill, Shravanabelagola
Bhadrabahu Gupha at Chandragiri Hill, Shravanabelagola | Source

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)