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Facts And Information On Dolphins

Updated on October 22, 2011

Dolphins are aquatic mammals famous for their friendly nature and excellent sense of vision. Below given are some facts about the dolphins.

Classification

Dolphins belong to the class Mammalia of phylum chordata of the kingdom Animalia. Further, they are placed in the group cetaceans of the class. This group is further divided in to two subgroups:

  • Ondontoceti, which includes the toothed whales
  • Mysticeti, which includes the toothless whales.

The dolphins are put into the group Ondontoceti along with other whales such as killer whales and sperm whales. Although the dolphins are placed in the same group as these mighty and dangerous whales, they are nowhere near being dangerous.

Habitat

The dolphins are aquatic mammals hence they live in water. Most species of dolphins live in a marine habitat and are found in oceans and seas while some of the species also reside in rivers and lakes.The species that live in lakes are comparatively the smaller kind of dolphins.

Types Of Dolphins And Different Families Of Dolphins

The word dolphin itself refers to a super group of the sub group Ondontoceti and includes many different species of dolphins.

The dolphins are divided into further types according to their habitats; like the dolphins of rivers are the river dolphins and the dolphins of oceans are called the oceanic dolphins.

Different families of dolphins include: Delphinidae which are the oceanic dolphins, Iniidaewhich are the river dolphins and Platanistidae dolphins which are the Indian River dolphins.

The oceanic dolphins constitute the majority of the dolphin population and are called the “true dolphins” as they are the most diverse of all the types of dolphins.

The family Delphinidae includes 32 species all of which live in open oceans and live deep down. However in some cases few species may reside in the coastal waters.

Some famous species of oceanic rivers are: B ottlenose dolphins , T he long-snouted spinner dolphins and T he Atlantic humpbacked dolphins .

Anatomy of a Dolphin.
Anatomy of a Dolphin.

The Body Structure

The body of dolphins in general is long and slender. They are usually grey, blue or green in color. The general body features of dolphins include:

  • A snout which is a beak like structure present in the front of the body. The snout bears the jaws which are a very important feature of a dolphin. The shape and the size of the snout may differ from species to species. The snout of the oceanic dolphins is called a rostrum because it’s very long and slender. It bears long and elongated jaws which bear 130 or more teeth in each one of them. The snout of river dolphins is comparatively smaller.

  • Pectoral flippers which are the modified fore limbs of the dolphins. The pectoral flippers are a small and a rigid structure which help the dolphins to steer forward and to increase their speed.
  • Dorsal fins which are basically the modified hind limbs are located at the back of the body and help the dolphin in swimming. It gives the dolphins a control over directions and maintains stability while swimming. Although it is a common feature it is absent in some species of dolphins like the Northern rightwhale dolphins do not possess a dorsal fin.
  • Small eyes located at front behind the snout and very small ears located behind the eyes.

The Senses Of Dolphins

The dolphins are smart animals. They have a brain which reasons well and they have an excellent vision and hearing abilities.

  • The Sense of Hearing: The dolphins are good at hearing and possess a unique mechanism for hearing. Although they have an external ear and a middle ear but the external ear is not connected to the middle ear, in fact when a sound reaches the external ear it is carried to the middle ear by the fat lobes located within the lower jaw.
  • The Sense of Vision: The dolphins possess an excellent sense of vision and they can see clearly both in and out of the water.

Dolphin's embryo
Dolphin's embryo

Reproduction In Dolphins

The dolphins are mammals so they carry out the typical reproduction mechanism in mammals which involves the mating of the male and the female.

The fertilization is internal and like the other mammals they give birth to the young ones and do not lay eggs. They possess mammary glands and feed their young ones on milk.

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    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      6 years ago

      Quite an educational hub on dolphins and marine life. They are amazing creatures. I didn't know that they can live in rivers. I found out sharks also can survive in rivers. I prefer the dolphins being this close to us. Great hub!

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