ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Feminism and Social Structures

Updated on March 18, 2019

While multi-ethnic feminism focuses on the effects of location in the system of granting or not granting benefits, and Femenism of men focus on hierarchical relations between men and other men and women, social constructive feminism looks at the structure of the gender-based social system as a whole. Gender is seen as an institution at the community level that permeates all major sociall organizations. As a social institution, gender determines the distribution of power, privileges and economic resources. Standards and stereotyped expectations of self-perceptions of men and women as certain types of human beings as specific ways of working and organizing them and for family life without thinking, analysis or accountability of these standards and expectations. Feminist constructivism sees inequality as the essence of gender itself: women and men are socially heterogeneous in order to justify their unequal treatment. Thus, despite gender overlap with other inequalities, addressing the gender part of inequality structures may be more difficult, since gender is very widespread. In fact, this sweeping spread is what leads many people to believe that these genders are biological, and therefore "normal".

Social constructive feminism focuses on processes that create gender differences and make gender composition invisible at the same time. Examples of common social processes that encourage us to engage in and ignore gender differences are the division of labor in the home that allocates child care and domestic chores to women; gender segregation in professions and wages; the justification for masculine and "natural" feminine characteristics; selective comparisons that ignore similarities, It is the case of separate sports competitions for men and women; the containment, repression and suppression of inappropriate behavior and manifestations, such as aggression in women and affection in men. Social feminism says that both male and female biases based on biological and physiological sex are produced and communicated through social processes. Hormonal and hormonal ambiguity is ignored or exceeded in the sex classification of infants, and the gender of sport and physical effort ignores the interferences of strength and muscle structure.

From the social constructive feminism's perspective, gender differentiation, acceptance of gender behavior and specific appearance, and non-approval of deviations from predetermined criteria are manifestations of power and social control. Religion, law and medicine reinforce the boundaries between women and men and repress gender differences through moral blame and stigmatization, such as identifying improper behavior as wrong, illegal and insane. Social feminism also analyzes the cultural and historical context in which gender is identified and aged. What are the approved, permitted and forbidden sexual behaviors for women and men and for social groups and their transformations over time and place.

Gender, from this perspective, is the product of learning, social pressures and cultural values. Legal sanctions, job loss and violence support the Guerrero social system, defeating any individual attempts at resistance and rebellion. However, most people are willingly compatible with their society's gender-related prescriptions, because standards and expectations have been embedded in their personal sense of value and identity as a natural imperative.

Even transsexuals (male and female) and transgender people (people who have undergone sex change surgery) try to act as "normal" men and women. So men who tend to change clothes prefer to wear very feminine-looking clothes, and male converts use hormones to enlarge the breasts. Because men's clothing in the modern West is acceptable to women, there is no problem with female transgenders and gender rebels to be acceptable.

The authority of social construction is clear, not only in the generosity of bodies and clothing, but in what happens in the work and roles of the family. Male-to-female converts found that the jobs they occupied as females were lower than men. Married men who wear women's clothing at home do not do housework while they are wearing women's clothing. Moreover, all identity papers of transsexuals, from birth certificates to passports, must be re-issued with their gender and their new name. Transgender couples must obtain a divorce because two women and two men can not be married legally.

Gender change is changing one's basic social status. From the feminist point of view, this gender-based social system must mean a conscious rearrangement of the division of labor between gendarmes in the family and at work, while undermining assumptions about the capabilities of women and men that justify the status quo. This change is unlikely to occur unless the gender-based social institution and its social structure are exposed to a flagrant challenge that threatens its pervasive prevalence. But since gender operations are often invisible, where do we start? With personal awareness and attitude change, or restructuring of social institutions and behavior change? Certainly, both individuals and institutions need to be changed to achieve gender equality, but it may be impossible to do them at once and at the same time.

Social constructive feminism is facing a political dilemma. If political activities focus on individuals' understanding of gender limitations and expectations and encourage their resistance in every aspect of their lives, this will not necessarily change the social structure. If the focus is on the structure of labor organizations and governments in a way that ensures equality between genders, it will not necessarily change the gender standards of individuals.

This is a real dilemma in the theory of social structure - building individuals and maintaining standards, expectations and patterns of behavior that become institutionalized, but existing institutions restrict the extent of permissible differences and individual and collective differences. Individualized social actions and institutional structures are adopted and mutually reinforcing. For this reason, social constructivism recognizes that there is always a change, but it is usually slow - and may not be in the direction of gender equality - such as change towards reactionary and fundamentalism as has happened recently and in more than one place.

© 2019 Oussema Ben Romdhane


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)