- Education and Science»
- History & Archaeology
Arrival of Mahatma Gandhi to Indian National Movement
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Indians called him with love ‘Papuji’. India considers him as the father of nation. Gandhi was a well known social leader of India. He got respectable figure in the minds of the entire world citizen. Hs life was a great message for the coming generations after his death. Later many legends came in the world and some of them compared with Gandhi, because, his life was a great journey. Now, Martin Luther King remembered as the American Gandhi, Khan Abdul Gafar Khan as the border Gandhi, K. Kelappan as the Kerala Gandhi and many others.
I am sure, I cannot share a whole info about Gandhi, but here is a very small note about the arrival of Gandhi in India during the freedom struggle of the country.
Gandhi in India
Actually, Gandhi was born in Gujarat in western part of India. After his primary education, he migrated to England to continue his higher education and did graduation in Law. Later he immigrated to South Africa and started his career as a barrister. The main reason behind him to visit South Africa was to help the Indian workers in Africa and deal with their issues.
But his mind turned over mother country and arrived in India 1901. During this time India was under the colonial domination. The activities of India national movement was going on. But it never showed the strength of a great movement. Indian National Congress was a great political party with maximum peoples' support which was founded in 1885. In the same year of 1901, Gandhi attended the Congress annual session hosted at Calcutta. Then from the nest year onwards Gandhi used to travel throughout India. This helped him to acquire a great resource of knowledge about India.
Do you think that, India should learn more from Gandhian ideology?
Gandhi’s Raising as a Leader of India
Gandhi became more popular after a series of successful strikes at Ahmadabad, Kheda and Champaran. Kheda and Champaran strikes were two issues related to peasants. Here Gandhi showed his light of skill as a leader. At the same time Ahmadabad mill strike was related to factory workers and their problems. Here also Gandhi performed his best as a leader. These strikes were happened by the end of the First World War.
After the First World War, Indians were very enthusiastically expected freedom but unfortunately some things went wrong. In fact, India needed to start a mass movement against colonial power. This was the condition of 1919 and the Gandhian era was started (1919 to 1947). As mentioned above Champaran, Kheda and Ahmadabad strikes created a respectable figure about Gandhi in the mind of Indians, he was recognized as the leader of the mass movement of the country irrespective of region, religion, caste etc. Since then everything was a history which is popular in the world.
Initially Gandhi focused to make unity among Indians especially by cutting the religious barriers. He did it well and all the citizens of India recognized Gandhi as the leader. Many religious leaders supported Gandhi’s activity. Gandhi wanted to go with his strategies only when Indians recognize his actions and thoughts. If any exception occurred, he used to withdraw from the leadership. His main tool was ‘Ahimsa’, which means ‘non-violence’ and peaceful agitation. Fasting was another weapon which Gandhi used many times. He avoided food and drinks until death for the success of the peaceful agitation instead of taking weapons.
For simplicity, Gandhi’s actions in the Indian national movement can be classified in to two, like constructive and agitation movements. Once Gandhi used to say, constructive movements are very vital than agitation movement.
Constructive movement required many important activities such as making of unity among Indians irrespective of any disparities, actions against caste system and other evils practiced in the society. Self making of cloths (Khadi) etc. All of them enabled to enrich the participation of entire people especially rural community including women and children.
Agitation movement is a different strategy used by Gandhi. He used different methods like conducting of Harthals (strikes), non corporation with government by non-payment of taxes etc. In fact both the constructive and agitation movements helped the Indians to build unity and enabled to participate in all nation building activities.
How Gandhi Remembers Today
India is considering Gandhi as the father of nation. Further Gandhi’s figure printing on all currencies issued by the Reserve Bank of India. Some old coins are also available with the picture of Gandhi.
Some of the reports are saying that, when the Nobel prices were allotted, Gandhi's name came in to discussions in every year, because he did not get Nobel Prize. Gandhi was killed in 1948. Nobel Prize for peace in 1948 was not given to anybody. It may reserve for Gandhi!