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How Did The Universe Begin?

Updated on July 13, 2017

We are all living our lives on this planet we call Earth which is orbiting around a star we call the sun. When we look up at the sky at night we see lotsof twinkling specks of light but we cannot see what they really are. But we know they are in most cases other distant stars and in some other not so distant planets. We can see those specks that are planets in greater detail if we have a powerful enough telescope at our disposal. We can even get a better look at the other stars with some of the most powerful telescopes around. But that does not fully help us understand how and why we are here on this Green and Blue ball floating through the sky.

We can use large Radio Telescopes to help us gather information on the early universe but we cannot see far enough back to figure out exactly how it all began. But in the past few years we have got very close.


The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe or WMAP was launched in 2001 by NASA to measure the universes properties. It was able to look back in time to a point around 375,000 years after the Universe came to be.

The above map shows 13.77 billion year old temperature fluctuations (shown as color differences) that correspond to the seeds that grew to become the galaxies.
The above map shows 13.77 billion year old temperature fluctuations (shown as color differences) that correspond to the seeds that grew to become the galaxies.

The information it collected has helped Scientists not only determin the universes age but also the density of atoms and all other non-atomic matter and the point at which the first stars started to shine.


How Old Is The Universe?

The Universe is beleived to be between 13.7 and 13.8 billion years old. However some people beleive it to be infinite in age. While others beleive it to be alot younger.

It is scientific evidence from projects such as WMAP that have helped us to determin the Universes age.

What Was The Early Universe Like

The early Universe was a hot primodial soup of atomic particles and antiparticles that where constantly being created and destroyed in collisions. At some point there where more particles than antiparticles. As the universe cooled the particles started to combine creating the building blocks of the universe.

The WMAP shows that the universe was a dark place during most of the first 400-600 million years.

What Was The Early Universe Made Of?

Big Bang Theory

At first the universe was just a small speck but with in less than a second it started to expand and cool.

The Universe: From The Big Bang To The Present Day

Steady State Theory

This now obsolete theory of the universe states that the Universe has no begining and although it has expanded has always looked the way it does today.

When Did The First Stars Form?

The WMAP data gave us a date of around 400 millon years after the Big Bang for the first stars. However new observations made since have sugested that the first stars did not form for another 100 million years after that. These findings have not yet been substantiated but if they are right it will mean that new calculations on the universe may have to be made.

If the Steady State Model of the Universe was true then the stars would have always been there.

How Did The Universe Begin?

Has it always been here?

People who beleive in the Steady State Theory beleive this to be the case.

Did it start with a BANG?

Even if the Big Bang did start the universe it would not have been an explosion like we know. It would have been more like someone blowing up a balloon.

Was it created by a God or Gods?

This is a great question and I have no problem with those who beleive as it does make sense that the Universe could have been created by someone or something.

Did it arise from the implosion of another Universe?

This theory is known as the Cyclic Model. (See Infographic bellow).

The 'God Partical' And The Creation of the Universe

Scientists have been searching for what is often referred to as the God Particle for many years and recent experiments at the LHC seem to have found this elusive particle. This particle is actually called the Higgs Boson and it is thought to give everything mass.

What if this particle started the creation of the universe?

What if the God Particle was the something that triggered the Big Bang?

A new theory suggests that this may have been the case.

In quantum physics, it was a Higgs-like particle that sparked the cosmic explosion [the Big Bang]. In other words, everything we see around us, including galaxies, stars, planets and us, owes its existence to the Higgs boson.

Michio Kaku

The Spark That Caused the Big Bang

My views and conclusion

I beleive that the Universe had to have a beginning, but I also beleive that it must have been created from something. I am a fan of the cyclic model as this allows for a beginning for our Universe while also providing us with information about where the matter that created it came from.

My main concern is that of how and when did the cycle start, as I beleive in things having a beginning.

Which do you beleive?

See results


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    • brutishspoon profile image

      Amy 2 years ago from Darlington, England

      Its one of those subjects where eveyone seems to have a different opinion. I like a subject that getsa debate going among the different types of people as I beleive that everyones ideas should be heard. I may not 100% beleive in God but I think that it is possible that something or someone created the Universe as this would be more plausable than it appearing from nothing.

    • Phyllis Doyle profile image

      Phyllis Doyle Burns 2 years ago from High desert of Nevada.

      This subject is very interesting to me. Well done on the format of the hub. I do believe God created the Universe and that it was just always there, like God.

    • wilderness profile image

      Dan Harmon 2 years ago from Boise, Idaho

      Nicely put together with most of the modern ideas on creation. But I would have liked to see more development and "why" for your own belief that everything has a beginning.

    • profile image

      Kevin Goodwin 2 years ago

      Great hub on the beginning of the universe. I enjoyed reading it.