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How to Improve Memory and Learning Skills?

Updated on September 8, 2015

Improve Memory - Memory is Influenced by Growth of the Brain


Factors Influencing Learning and Memory:Intelligence Quotient

Intelligence quotient is a measure of relative intelligence and is measured by the formula

Mental age X 100

Actual age

Approximately sixty eight percentage of people in any population have average intelligence of (IQ: 85 -110). Intelligence quotient is determined mainly genetically and influenced by factors such as nutrition, environmental and cultural factors. Intelligence quotient is not a static phenomenon. Positively influencing factors like good health, mental equilibrium and pleasant challenging environment will improve the intellectual functioning of the individual.

Top 10 Ways To Improve Your Memory

Factors Influencing Learning and Memory:Growth and Development of the Brain

The growth of the brain occurs till the first five years of life. The growth of the brain is influenced by the health or ill health of the mother.

If you are pregnant and thinking about the ways to improve the brain power of your baby, start now!

A pregnant mother must take adequate amount of quality nutrition and enough fluids. Freshly cooked and clean food covering adequate proportions of all the nutrients must be given to the pregnant mother. This has to be educated to the masses in India as we can still see many mothers here who are anaemic and with poor physical health.

Hereditary factors and difficulties during delivery also influence the growth of the brain.

The various other functions of the brain like thinking, learning and memory, analysis and problem solving, control and expression of a wide variety of emotions are learned up to 18 to 20 years of life. It is very much influenced by the family and school environment, peer group, health of the person and the stimuli the brain receive during this period. Ways to improve your memory may be strengthened around these factors.

Factors Influencing Learning and Memory: Attention Span and Concentration

Attention span of human beings is very less during childhood. Gradually as the child grows he learns to pay attention for more time. Even then there are individual differences and the ability to pay attention is influenced by different factors.

Factors Influencing Learning and Memory: Intake of Food

If a child or adolescent has taken food 5 or 6 hours ago, the glucose level in the blood drops down to 60 mg per 100 ml. This state is known as hypoglycaemia and it will impair the attention span. On the other hand, if the child had too much of food just before studying, there will be a rush of blood supply to the stomach depriving the brain of enough blood. This will make the child drowsy and unable to concentrate.

So if you are a student, and have to study continuously for many hours, take good food items frequently in small quantity. This will supply enough glucose for your brain to function for a long time.

Physical ill health of any kind can impair concentration and attention. Pain and discomfort act as distractors. Other distractors are negative emotions like sadness, anger, jealousy and inferiority feelings, television, others playing and conversing etc.

Meditation to Improve Concentration and Memory

Have You Ever Tried Meditation?

See results

What are the Ways to Improve Memory?

  • Active involvement: Memory is improved when there is active involvement from the part of the learner. Students may argue that they are having an active involvement while reading textbooks. But that is not enough. Learning actually takes place if you prepare your lessons as if to teach somebody else. In the practical settings, you can even teach your friends or class mates what you have learned. When you prepare yourself for teaching, you will look in depth into the concepts, their linkages and cross linkages and refer more books to make things clear. This kind of active learning improves memory and attention span.
  • Motivation: There are two types of motivation. External motivation and internal motivation. External motivation, as you know is the praise and pressure from friends, family, teachers and school etc. An individual should be internally motivated and should enjoy learning if the facts are to be retained for longer time. Internal motivation to know about the subject and to solve the problems improves memory in children.
  • Improve your memory by taking tests: Tests are useful in recollecting facts as well as comprehended information. Tests usually have questions of different difficulty like recall, comprehension and application. When you take a test on the portions covered for example from previous years question papers, you are actually exercising your brain at these different levels and your memory and understanding about the subject improves.
  • Improve your memory by spacing study sessions: The study material should be distributed over different sessions. It helps in in depth understanding of the subject as the student learns it in small portions.
  • Be relaxed to improve memory: relaxed state of mind helps the learner to grasp more and retain more. Relate the new information to what you already know and try to make linkages and cross linkages with the concepts already known.
  • Analyse your own strategies: learn to monitor your own learning. Do frequent assessments about yourself and decide how you can improve your learning. Decide on when to study, what to study, how much to study….
  • Revise…… Revise……..Revise…..

What are the Memory Tips?

  1. Small frequent good food – Ensures glucose to brain
  2. Good sleep – Ensures good physical health
  3. Pure thoughts –Ensures good mental health
  4. Calm environment –Minimises distractions
  5. Space study sessions – Minimises load and makes you relaxed.
  6. Take tests – Prepares you to answer questions with different levels of difficulty
  7. Revision – Ensures confidence
  8. Learn to teach – Ensures internalisation of knowledge.

Good Luck with your Examinations :)


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    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile image

      Sanjay Sharma 

      3 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks for sharing the information. At present we have minimised the use of memory. We do not remember names and telephone numbers as the gadgets are doing it for us. Memory loss also occurs in ageing. IQ depends more on intelligence than memory. But learning depends on memory and shapes the intelligence.

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      3 years ago from India

      Hi teaches 12345

      You are very right. We need to give food for our brain so that we dont develop diseases like Alzheimer's

      Thanks for the visit and comment

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      3 years ago

      Great suggestions to improve memory. I'm not too fond of the taking tests tip -- not a big success for me. It is important to keep the brain active, especially as we age. Thanks for the information.

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      5 years ago from India

      Shyron E Shenko ,

      I am glad that you liked this hub and have intention to read many more.

      I am sorry to hear about your hand pain and surgery. Hope it is not something "big".

      Take care. Get well soon:}

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 

      5 years ago from Texas

      Thumbi, my friend Au fait suggested that I read some of you hubs, so here I am. This one I will need to read again, when there is less pain in my hand. I had surgery today and it is difficult to type.

      Any way thanks for the tips.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      informative article..........

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi ishwaryaa22,

      Thanks for reading this hub and commenting.

      I am happy to learn that you found this hub useful.

    • ishwaryaa22 profile image

      Ishwaryaa Dhandapani 

      6 years ago from Chennai, India

      An informative and helpful hub! Your points are clearly stated and the tips are very handy. I learnt a lot from the factors influencing learning and memory thanks to you! An intelligently-written hub! Well-done!

      Thanks for SHARING. Useful & Awesome. Voted up & Socially Shared

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      nicely written

    • profile image


      6 years ago


    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi Thelma Alberts,

      Thanks for giving that input

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi tillsontitan,

      I remember reading somewhere that the more you exercise your brain the les chance for Alzheimers

      So age is not a bar!!!!

      Thanks for the visit:)

    • Thelma Alberts profile image

      Thelma Alberts 

      6 years ago from Germany and Philippines

      Great hub and very informative as well. My memory is sometimes bad when it comes to describing people I meet and remembering what I did a few days ago. So having a diary is a good help for me. Voted up and thanks for SHARING.

    • tillsontitan profile image

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      We can all use help when it come to improving our brain power! I think monitoring learning at my age is something I haven't thought about. Nicely written. Voted up.

    • days leaper profile image

      days leaper 

      6 years ago from england

      My memory is poor. It is only part lack of training, sometimes stress and rough experiences play a part and the grain is somehow fixed to forgetting. I enjoyed your hub, which is good -And I will have to keep looking at it from time to time see how much I retain.

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi emilybee,

      Don't worry. I don't think it is the problem with your memory.

      Probabaly you have so many things in your head and you become absent minded sometimes:)

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi creatively cc,

      Yeah, It is true. The young parent tries to give the best for her child; in that process she will have so many different queries.

      Mother is the best person to guide her daughter in raising children

      Thanks for the visit

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi Ruchira

      I am glad that you enjoyed this hub.

      Thanks for the visit.

    • emilybee profile image


      6 years ago

      My memory is so bad, already at my age, I pour myself a drink in the kitchen, and forget it is there! My mom does crossword puzzles to help with her memory. Voted up, great hub.

    • creativelycc profile image

      Carrie L Cronkite 

      6 years ago from Maine

      Great information, I'll pass this on to my daughter who is raising her beautiful six year old daughter. The years go by so very fast and it always good for young parents to have advice for raising their children. Thank you!

    • Ruchira profile image


      6 years ago from United States

      good and informative hub. Took me to an era when I used to study for my exams. good pointers and voted up and sharing

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi organicpixie,

      Your input added more meaning to this page.

      Thank you very much for the visit:)

    • Organicpixie profile image


      6 years ago from London

      A good hub and full of great advice. I think it's incredibly important to aid memory and one not everyone thinks of. Especially for exams, as the act of exercising releases endorphins that can counteract stress and the production of cortisol that can limit your ability to access what you know. Great tips though :) Voted up

    • debbie roberts profile image

      Debbie Roberts 

      6 years ago from Greece

      An interesting hub providing some good facts. Being motivated is definitely a main factor when it comes to learning.

      I find that interacting on HubPages gives my brain a good workout, it's probably because I have to focus so hard to try and block out distractions - our house can be a little crazy at times!!

      A good hub, voted up and shared.

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi bryanbaldwin,

      Thanks for the comment

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi Hunbbel Meer,

      Thanks for the input:)

    • thumbi7 profile imageAUTHOR

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Hi, Melis Ann,

      Thanks for the comment

    • bryanbaldwin profile image


      6 years ago from Los Angeles

      I used to have a great memory....then life got too busy.

    • Hunbbel Meer profile image

      Syed Hunbbel Meer 

      6 years ago from Karachi, Pakistan.

      Playing intelligent, effort-putting puzzle games also help in the cause.

      I have a pretty excellent memories in reminding dates of certain events in my life.

      One of my teacher used to say: "Your brain is like a machine; the less you use it, the rustier it become."

    • Melis Ann profile image

      Melis Ann 

      6 years ago from Mom On A Health Hunt

      Great ideas to incorporate with kids getting into lots of studying and homework!

    • Brett.Tesol profile image

      Brett Caulton 

      6 years ago from Asia

      Good information and tips. My memory is normally pretty good thankfully, but is terrible when it comes to names. It doesn't matter is it is a person, a place or my favorite band ... I have issues remembering the names lol.

      Thanks for SHARING.


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