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It's called the 'Pastry War'
There was great unrest in Mexico
at the start of the 19th Century.
By 1828 the situation reached
the point where President Manuel
Gómez Pedraza fired Lorenzo de
Zavala from his post as Governor
of the state of México.
Zavala was not pleased, and gained the support of Antonio López de Santa Anna, a General.. This meant the army would join his cause.
For four days there was fighting in the busy streets of Mexico City. A great deal of property was destroyed. Some of it belonged to foreign nationals.
There were no diplomats to effect any kind of settlement and most of the
ex-pats accepted the loss.
Most ex pats, not a French pastry chef, Monsieur Remontel.
The Chef appealed to King Louis-Phillipe that his shop in the Tacubaya district of Mexico City had been ruined by looting Mexican officers in 1828.
In 1838 the King of France demanded 600,000 pesos in damages on behalf of his nationals and Baron Deffaudis conveyed this ultimatum to Mexico; pay or else.
The payment was not made.
The King of France did not take
the situation lightly.
He sent a fleet under
Rear Admiral Charles Baudin
to declare a blockade of all
Mexican ports from Yucatán
to the Rio Grande and
bombarded the Mexican
fortress of San Juan de Ulúa,
and seized the port of Veracruz.
The entire Mexican Navy was captured at Veracruz by December 1838 and Mexico declared war on France.
With trade cut off, the Mexicans had no choice but to begin smuggling imports into Corpus Christi, Texas.
At the time, Texas was an independent republic.
Afraid that France would blockade Texan ports, a battalion was formed to patrol Corpus Christi Bay and stop Mexican smugglers.
The United States decided to enter, and sent the schooner, the Woodbury, to help the French in their blockade of Mexico.
Subsequently, France and Texas entered negotiations.
It was agreed that the French Kingdom would not to offend the soil or waters of the Republic of Texas.
Then Great Britain intervened to make peace. The United Kingdom was able to get President Bustamante of Mexico to promise to pay the 600,000 pesos.
At this, French forces withdrew.
On 9 March 1839 the Pastry War ended.