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Learning How To Study Effectively

Updated on June 19, 2013
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Knowing how to study effectively is a key part of our educational experience. Unfortunately for many of us, no one ever “taught” us how to study and, in turn, we have missed opportunities to do better in school. Luckily, there are many tricks that can be implemented to boost your memory and help you achieve the grades you always wanted. These tricks are known as mnemonic devices, and they will change the way you process information.

What Is A Mnemonic Device?

Mnemonic devices (or codes) are tricks that one can use to boost their short term memory and furthermore strengthen those new memories into more permanent ones. The concept is simple; we must find a way to associate new information with information previously learned. This coupled with a simple visualization of what you are learning will help you remember the information much more effectively than repetition alone.

Rehearsal And Meaningfulness

One thing to keep in mind before we explore these tricks is that repetition (or rehearsal) is still one of the most effective ways to learn information. Why do you know who the first President of The United States was? Is it because you studied it? No, it’s because you’ve heard it so many times it has essentially been rehearsed for you.

Yet, something as simple as the details of a penny are mostly forgotten. Why is that, for pennies have been part of our lives since we were small children? We all know what a penny is because we’ve seen it so many times (rehearsal), but the details are not meaningful enough for us to remember. What is meaningful about the penny is the size, color, and shape of it. We only rmember what is meaningful to us, so you must always try to find a way to make what you are learning important to you personality (even if you don’t think it is!).

We also need to keep in mind that some problems can arise if we don’t rehearse properly. The first such problem is illustrated in the concept known as The spacing Effect. If we do not space out our rehearsal, we do not remember as well. Cramming for a test is simply no good. Your memory gets overwhelmed when we cram. Plan to study a few days ahead of time, this will put you in a much better position to succeed. Plus, it is far less stressful!

Something else to consider when you are rehearsing your material is The Serial Position Effect. Simply put, you tend to remember the first and last items of a list and the middle tends to get lost in the shuffle. So, do yourself a favor: look at your notes forwards, then backwards, and then shuffle.

Cramming is one of the least effective ways of studying.
Cramming is one of the least effective ways of studying. | Source

Tricks To The Trade

Implementing these mnemonic tricks into your study habits will greatly increase your possibilities for success:

The Keyword Method

This method is effective when learning new vocabulary. When you are exposed to a new word, what is it that you “key” in on that reminds of you something you already know? For example, if you are learning the psychology term Amygdala, what do you first see when you look at that word? Most people answer “Amy”, a name that most of us are familiar with. The next step is to visualize a person you know named “Amy”. This can be a personal friend, a fictional character, or a celebrity; it does not matter as long as you can visualize them. Next, you need to associate them with the definition of the vocabulary word you are trying to learn. In this case, the Amygdala is the part of the brain the deals with anger and aggression. So, picture your “Amy” getting mad, and you will never forgot what that brain part does on your next Psych test or perhaps, for the rest of your life.

The Method of Loci

Developed by orators in ancient Greece, this method is effective for remembering a lot of information in a specific order. For example, many science classes require you to memorize an incredible amount of information; an example would be learning all of the bones of the body (yes, including those little ones in the ear).

The process if fairly simple: think of a route that you travel on a regular basis. Many choose their home to their place of work (or school). Think a spots along that route that you can visualize in order. They can be anything: stopsigns, businesses, even a puddle in the road that is always there, it doesn’t matter as long as you can clearly visualize them in the correct order. Take the information you are trying to learn and then, as ridicualous as it may seem, visualize the two items together. Let’s look at an example:

Your mother calls you up and asks you to get the following items from the grocery store, but you do not have a pen to write them down. Using the Method of Loci would be an effective way to remember the list. I have personally seen students memorize up to 60 items on a grocery list using this method.

Method of Loci Example

Item to Remember
Location on "route"
Mental Visual Representation of Item
Bread
Getting in my car
Getting into a car that looks like a loaf of bread
Butter
Mailbox
Stick of butter hanging out of mailbox
Eggs
Stop sign
Stop sign egged by teenagers
Milk
Coffee Shop
Stopping to get a coffee with too much milk in it
Cheese
Gas Station
Gas pumps shaped like cheese
Stop stressing out and use your memory's natural inclination to visualize information to your advantage.
Stop stressing out and use your memory's natural inclination to visualize information to your advantage. | Source

There are more mnemonics you can employ, but these two are the most effective for the average student in high school or college to use. If you space out your studying, use visualization, and associate new items with items you already know, you will have a distinct advantage over those students who are just trying to cram the night before the test.

Do you use mnemonics?

Do you use any of these tricks when studying and/or remembering things?

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    • hawaiianodysseus profile image

      Hawaiian Odysseus 4 years ago from Southeast Washington state

      I use mnemonics all the time. The type I utilize is sentence construction. A grocery list of eggs, butter, avocados, and cucumbers, for example, becomes: Evan baited Amber and Corky.

      Works for me! : )

      You'll also notice in my hub awards niche that I use mnemonic devices in the form of acronyms.

      Great job on this hub! Thanks for sharing, boulism! By the way, is your hub name a kind of mnemonic device as well?

    • Boulism profile image
      Author

      Boulism 4 years ago from Short Beach, CT

      Thanks Hawaii, I considered putting sentences and acronyms in the articles, but I figured, like you said, that a lot of people do that naturally. And no, I'm not that smart :-).

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 4 years ago

      I use the Loci method to remember important facts, it works well for me. Excellent post and so very useful for students.

    • Boulism profile image
      Author

      Boulism 4 years ago from Short Beach, CT

      Thanks teaches, thanks for reading!

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 4 years ago from The Caribbean

      Thanks for these memory tricks. I have used the Keyword Method without naming it. Now I know.

    • Boulism profile image
      Author

      Boulism 4 years ago from Short Beach, CT

      The Keyword Method is the most useful for school, in my opinion. Glad you got something out of the article. Thanks for stopping by!

    • profile image

      Bokus 4 years ago

      Another good one... Reminds me of Moonwalking with Einstein:

      http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/13/books/review/boo...

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