ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Spanish Grammar for beginners: Present Tense (Part 4)

Updated on June 18, 2013

you know it makes sense!

Superglue - get it right; make sense!
Superglue - get it right; make sense! | Source

The Demystification of Grammar (part 4)

You have to face up to it! You NEED grammar, and that's all there is to it. You can squirm around and avoid eye contact with it for months ...but at the end of the day you will finally have to face up to it. Well, only if you you REALLY want to be able to communicate at a decent level in a foreign language and you are past the age when you can pick up the grammar rules subconsciously, unaware that you are doing so!

If you go about grammar in the right way and get a clear picture of the language patterns that the language is made up of, then the task of lerning grammar becomes fun as you start noticing patterns that you weren't even aware of in your own language.


In any sentence, in English or any foreign language, the basic meaning or intention is expressed by referring to

1) WHAT is being done (name of verb)

2) WHO is doing it (person)

3) WHEN it is being done. (tense)

When we take any verb infinitive, (the WHAT) , and add to it the WHO and the WHEN element, this process is named conjugating the verb.

Hallelujah! All of this is encapsulated in ONE WORD = The VERB. Hey! How important is that?

Hence the VERB is really the SUPERGLUE that brings all of that vital information to all sentences. (ALL true sentences must have a verb,)

Get some help with these great books

Grammar Rules! OK?

In the first two parts of this series, I explained the need to be able to understand how VERBS work and how they must be considered the SUPERGLUE. We have seen how the Me and the you part of the verb is formed....Now for the next step...

Let's be gossips and talk about someone else and what HE or SHE is getting up to!


Habla inglés (He or she speaks English)

Come mucho (He or she eats alot)

Bebe agua (He or she drinks water)

Vive en Méjico (He or she lives in Mexico)

Es español (He is Spanish) Es española (She is Spanish)

Tiene un niño (He or She has got a child)

Va a Madrid (He or She goes to Madrid) or

(He or She is going to Madrid)

Quiere vino (He or She wants some wine)

Please Note: if your listener may have forgotton WHO you are talking about (He or she) then just add before the verb ÉL (He) or ELLA (She:  pron =eyya) to clarify: So:  Él quiere vino = He wants some wine. And : Ella quiere vino = She wants some wine.


Tools for learning.

If you are really serious about learning a second language, you should invest in the materials that are going to help. Firstly you need to provide yourself with a good Spanish - English dictionary and Spanish grammar reference book. There are other titles out there which focus just on the Spanish verb, which is what I recommend as, in my experience, there is no other single grammatical item as important, or as extensive, as the verb! One you have conquered the verb, you will be well on your way to your goal of mastering a second, or third (!), language.

The sky is the limit!

The curious thing about language learning is that generally, those who speak a second language, often find it much easier to speak a third or even fourth language. The key to language learning is to break the mind's concept that there is only one language. Once the mind has come out of its comfort zone and assimilates there exists another language pattern, it will much more easily adapt to more. So now you know that, the sky's the limit!

Quiere dos vinos!

Quiere dos vinos!
Quiere dos vinos! | Source

Now deny everything! Say NO

You may find it hard to to say 'NO' sometimes but you won't have a problem in Spanish! I have mentioned in a previous article how EASY it is to say 'NO' in Spanish!

Take the sentence 'She doesn't speak French'. So many times students ask me "How do you say 'doesn't' in Spanish?" There are no actually different words for 'doesn't' or 'don't' or 'won't' or 'wasn't' as the NEGATIVE of the all verbs, whenever theyare taking place, is simply 'NO' !

How cool is that. SO EASY!


No habla francés (He or She doesn't speak French)

No come mucho (He or she doesn't eat much)

No bebe cervea (He or she doesn't drink beer)

No vive en Madrid (He or she doesn't live in Madrid)

No es inglés (He is not English) / No es inglesa (She isn't English)

No tiene coche (He or she hasn't got a car)

No va a Paris (he or she doesn't go to Paris or He or she isn't going to Paris)

No quiere vino (He or she doesn't want any wine)


Strangely enough, I have noticed that many learners seem to stumble over making the Spanish verb negative. This is due to the fact that English grammar rules are quite complex: don't / doesn't / are'nt / isn't / can't / wasn't / weren't / hasn't / haven't / didn't / hadn't / wouldn't / couldn't....all these are called auxiliary or 'modal' verbs which help us to make the English verb negative... When speaking Spanish, all we have to remember is "NO!

Interrogation time!

In my next article, I will be looking at how to form questions in Spanish, or to give it its grammatical term, the 'Interrogative' form.

But before that, it may be useful to look back over Spanish for Beginners: Part 1 and Spanish for Beginners: Part 2 of this series before embarking on the interrogative form.

Also see other related articles on language and language:

How to learn Spanish fast - Intensive courses

Raising bilingual children

Ten tips for learning Spanish

Common mistakes in Spanish

How to make Spanish omelette

Origin of Spanish tapas

Learn to play Spanish Classical Guitar

Please comment below if you found this article helpful or if you have any specific questions about Spanish grammar

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • marieryan profile imageAUTHOR

      Marie Ryan 

      7 years ago from Andalusia, Spain

      Thanks for commenting, breakfastpop. Glad you found it useful!

    • breakfastpop profile image


      7 years ago

      I love this hub. Maybe, I can actually learn to speak Spanish. Thank you. Voted up and useful.

    • vox vocis profile image


      8 years ago

      I agree with you marieryan, when you say that learning grammar is the most important thing in acquiring another language. I try to learn some Spanish by myself, and your hubs about the topic are quite helpful in the process!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)