Spanish Lesson Ninety-Seven: Parts of Speech
Last week, I did a quick review of the parts of speech and I'm finishing that up this wee. Below is a review of Conjunctions, Adverbs, Prepositions, and Pronouns. Next week, we'll review some vocabulary based off of theme. There are countless words to include in that. Hope you're excited!
- To Review parts of speech
- To Review concepts learned in previous lessons
- To Review proper grammar techniques in the Spanish language.
Just like in English, conjunctions are used to connect phrases, clauses, and other sentences together. With these parts of speech in this lesson, you must use these according to usage. Look at some of the sentences below.
Manuel y yo necesitamos mirar Teen Wolf. Manuel and I need to watch Teen Wolf. Like in English, conjunctions connect phrases and clauses together. And, but, and or are the most commonly used conjunctions.
For a full list of conjunctions, check out your resources online or your notes.
- Connect words or groups of words
- Connect phrases, clauses, and sentences
- Subordinate words or phrases to another
Prepositions link two words by indicating the relationship between them. Location, direction and time are ways that prepositions strengthen sentences. Prepositions are used in the same way as in English in most cases. In others, however, there are complications. Let's look at a simple example.
Yo so de Atlanta, Georgia. I am from Atlanta, Georgia. Prepositions are normally directly translated.
Voy a cantar. I am going to sing. The preposition "a" means by, at, or to (personal). In this case, the word is not directly translated into the sentence. There are other cases like this when involving other verbs. Ir is used in this case.
- Used to form a phrase
- Used to connect a phrase to an object
Adverbs are tricky words that modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They generally answer questions like how, where, when, and to what extent in English. The same goes for the Spanish counterparts. Many adverbs can be formed by adding the ending -mente to an adjective to receive an "-ly" affect. Also there other words like quite, very, badly, well, and always.
Estoy bastante bien. I am quite well. The adverb modifies well in this case and answers the question "how well".
Amelia come rapidamente. Amelia eats quickly. Quickly is the adverb in this case and modifies the verb comer.
- Describe or modify verbs
- Describe or modify adjectives
- Describe or modify other adverbs
- Describe when, how, or where an action or process takes place
Pronouns are words that take the place of a noun. They can also be possessive and take the place of other words like Who, What, When, Where, and How. Let's narrow this portion down to solely Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns. These pronouns are most commonly used to shorten a sentence when a noun has already been specified. Look at these examples.
Quiero la pelicula. I want the movie.
La quiero. I want it. Direct objects receive the action of the verb. The pronoun that refers to this object precedes the verb used in the sentence.
Quiero dar la pelicula a Manuel. I want to give the movie to Manuel.
Quiero le dar la pelicula a Manuel. I want to give (him) the movie to Manuel. Note that the Indirect object pronoun goes before the verb as well. This is only when the D.O.P. is absent.
Quiero le darla a Manuel. I want to give it to (him) Manuel. The order of these sentences can become complicated. Further review is needed to understand these concepts. Look at Double Object Pronouns if you need further review.
Thanks for review this week! Next week, we'll review some themed vocabulary + Reflexive verbs!
Direct Object Pronouns
- Refers to the object that receives the action of the verb
- Refers to who or what receives the action of the verb
Indirect Object Pronouns
- Refers to where the direct object is going
- Refers to for whom or to whom the direct object is going
- Spanish Grammar
Free Spanish grammar lessons and Spanish grammar exercises.
- Introduction to Spanish Adverbs; Spanish Grammar
Learn about the types of adverbs in Spanish and how they are used.
- Basic Prepositions
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Lesson Ninety-Eight: Vocabulary Review #3
Lesson Ninety-Nine: The Benefits of Being Bilingual
Lesson One Hundred: Farewell Spanish Learners!
© 2014 AE Williams