ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Star Found, from before the Big Bang

Updated on September 10, 2011

New, Old Star

The Star

A star SDSS J102915+172927, has been discovered in the constellation of Leo. Its existence has been confirmed by astrophysicists in Germany, France and Italy.

This star is located near the edge of the Universe and has been estimated to be over 13 billion years old.

The universe itself has only been estimated to be 13.75 billion years old.

This star however has a low mass, below 0.8 solar masses

It has always been thought that low mass stars were only formed by thermonuclear and supernova explosions. Heavy elements formed, cooled creating a gravity that pulled the gasses into them. This process took time and it had always been thought that it would be impossible for this to happen so soon after the big bang.

Theories

This means that the main theory that scientists have about the Big Bang, does not add up.

If science still wants to believe that all creation started with one big bang, then they are going to have to review all their models.

How would this affect our perception of the universe?

Just as our first probes are about to leave our solar system, are we discovering that our concepts of real space are not correct?

Is it possible that they have the age of the star wrong? It is, especially as the age of a star has always been measured by the amount of metal it is thought to contain. But if they got the age of this star wrong then all their estimates for the ages of the stars are wrong, which again messes up their theory.

Cycle Theory
Cycle Theory
Doomsday Predictions
Doomsday Predictions

Cycle Theory

Scientists at Princeton and Cambridge Universities have been working on a theory that the universe is split into “branes”. Every so often these branes collide causing events similar to a big bang. They have called this the “Cycle Theory”

Does the finding of this star, that appears to be too old for the old theory, give credence to the new theory?

With the old theory, scientists say that they could estimate when the universe would end.

The cycle theory suggests that a collision could happen at any time.

Will the discovery of this star lead to an influx of still more doomsday predictions?

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Art 

      5 years ago

      The big bang theory is false. It's also a theory that a temple priest came up with, so no surprise there. It's also no surprise that galaxies mimic biotic reproductive systems. Leads one to believe that the universe itself is eternal.

    • eternalsandwyrm profile image

      eternalsandwyrm 

      6 years ago from Maine

      it is possible that this is the first star to form of its type. it could also be when light travel you know 10 billion years maybe it drags out some making this object actually younger then it would appear, we see something similar with radio wave the father out they go the more stretched out they get

    • arusho profile image

      arusho 

      6 years ago from University Place, Wa.

      Great hub. I'm very interested in the universe and how life began and this article gives me a lot of information. Thx.

    • profile image

      PenMePretty 

      6 years ago from Franklin

      Interesting. I voted. Thanks for sharing.

    • rafken profile imageAUTHOR

      rafken 

      6 years ago from The worlds my oyster

      lone77star- As always I appreciate your comments. I am glad that you got the essence of my hub: no matter how much our scientists think they know, they can keep getting blindsided.

    • lone77star profile image

      Rod Martin Jr 

      6 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      Rafken, interesting, but your title is misleading. "Before the Big Bang?" It looks like 0.75 billion years after, not before!

      Now, bear with me. I might pick on this one a bit, but I love your stuff.

      You state, "It has always been thought that low mass stars were only formed by thermonuclear and supernova explosions." This is also misleading. All stars are formed by thermonuclear explosions. That's what distinguishes stars from planets and brown dwarfs. To state that small stars are only formed by thermonuclear explosions implies something special about this relationship that doesn't exist.

      The other problem with the sentence involves the cause-and-effect sense you give for supernova explosions and low mass stars. Yes, supernovae are involved in the cycle of metal-rich stellar birth, but, as I understand it, the problem with this star is that the current theory states that small stars cannot form from clouds of nearly pure hydrogen and helium. The more direct and meaningful relationship is between heavily metalized stellar clouds and groups of small stars, of which this small star was not a member.

      The remainder of that paragraph (#5) is also troubled. You seem to imply that heavy elements occurred early in the universe, but that has nothing to do with the formation of this star that does not have much in the way of heavy elements. The problem with the star is the lack of heavy elements and the "impossibility" by current models for such a star to have accreted in the first place.

      I don't fully understand the mechanics of cloud collapse and stellar accretion, but I've read in one book on astrophysics that part of the scenario involves absorption by various elements in the cloud of radiation as the center of the cloud warms up from the pressurization derived from gravitational collapse. Different elements have different absorption spectra. If you can find out why a "plain vanilla" (hydrogen-helium) cloud would not collapse into a sub-solar mass star, and why a metal-rich cloud would, that would be most interesting.

      Other than this, I loved the hub. As always, your article is wonderfully thought-provoking. This merely points out that science has been startled before by discoveries they didn't anticipate. Thanks for continuing to push the envelope.

    • Lyn.Stewart profile image

      Lyn.Stewart 

      6 years ago from Auckland, New Zealand

      Rated up and interesting ...

      Sooner or later someone discovers something that turns the scientific world on its head. How amazing that a this star has done that very thing.

      The thing about science is that no proven theory can ever be thought of as being set in concrete.

    • profile image

      Dohgon 

      6 years ago

      The universe is not the result of a big bang. Pure energy waves "fluxed" and formed carbon matter. Isotopes of carbon ignited to form stars and the matter that was spat out of that process cooled to form planets, asteroids, dust, etc.

    • suzettenaples profile image

      Suzette Walker 

      6 years ago from Taos, NM

      As soon as we think we have the Universe figured out, here comes new information. Who knew Pluto would no longer be an official planet? Now it's classified as a dwarf planet. It just goes to show you that knowledge is infinite. Probably everything I learned in school during the 20th century will probably be disproved in the 21st. And, I'm having a difficult time keeping up with computers and technology. At least we'll never get bored at this rate. Great hub! Very interesting and very well written!

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      6 years ago from England

      Hi, this just proves that however much truth we have about the Universe, it is just speculation based on Scientific equations, and they of course, can be wrong! Each step is four steps forward and three steps back, even Einstein quoted that 'Atoms are annoying little things, without much use!' I personally think that they Universe didn't actually start with the Big Bang, but comes from a bubble multi-verse, in other words, the singularity of the Black Hole scrunches up all the matter and shoots it through to make another Universe, Scientists are beginning to believe this too, why else would all Galaxy's have a Black Hole at their centre? Great hub, and really interesting, cheers nell rated up!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)