ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Sustainability 13: Transit-Oriented Developments (TODs)

Updated on May 11, 2013
Conserve precious water
Conserve precious water

The sustainability of our cities and towns can also be enhanced through the creation of Transit-Oriented Developments (TODs).

Quite simply, a TOD is any MXD centered about a transit facility or node: a subway station, train station, metro station, or bus station or stop. The TOD typically has higher density and intensity of development in the immediate vicinity of the transit node, and decreasing density and intensity of development at increasing distance from the transit node.

The purpose of TODs is to create synergistic mixed-use development while encouraging pedestrian activity and the use of public transit, and also simultaneously discouraging auto use. Many TODs therefore include significant pedestrian amenities — narrower, more intimate streets; better crosswalks; shade trees; benches; bike racks; sidewalk retail, restaurants and cafes. Auto parking may often be limited, expensive and either difficult to access or remote from the heart of activity. TODs are typically concentrated within a ½-mile radius (an effective pedestrian distance) of the primary transit node.

TODs are most successful when they combine an effective and complementary mix of uses, and when they nurture urban life around the clock. They then develop a clear and distinct identity, apart from that of any surrounding city, becoming a known destination in their own right. The area surrounding the Ballston Metro Station in Arlington, VA, is a good example. Including office buildings, a shopping mall, street level retail, housing, recreational facilities and both a DC Metro Station and bus station, the area gained the city of Arlington the EPA’s first award for smart growth excellence in 2002.

Though the TOD terminology is relatively new, the concept is not. When the Van Sweringen brothers planned the Village of Shaker Heights, Ohio, in the 1930s, it was developed around the spine and nodes of the Shaker Rapid Transit light rail system. A number of European and Asian new towns built in the 1950s and 1960s incorporate many of the principles of TODs.

The TOD concept has since been put into use in many cities and countries around the world, most notably the San Francisco Bay region; Curitiba, Brazil; Calgary, Vancouver and Toronto, Canada; Melbourne, Australia; Hong Kong; and Guatemala City, Guatemala. In some large cities, developers can gain valuable concessions from local authorities by committing to TOD principles.   

The Terminal Tower in Cleveland caps off a massive mixed-use development anchored by a transit station.
The Terminal Tower in Cleveland caps off a massive mixed-use development anchored by a transit station. | Source

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)