ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Visit the West Coast Fossil Park South Africa

Updated on November 10, 2019
elnavann profile image

Elna has a Hons in Sociology and Philosophy, and writes on a variety of topics.

The Big 5 of South African fossils?

Everyone knows about the Big 5 of live animals in Africa: the leopard, buffalo, elephant, lion and rhinoceros. We have our hands full to keep them from extinction due to demands for animal products like rhino horn and ivory and lion bones. Of course there are still people who hunt these beautiful animals for the bragging rights.

But more than 5 million years ago, Africa also teemed with animals. Some wonderful creatures existed then: The African Bear, the short-necked giraffe, the sabre-toothed cat, an elephant type called Gompothere Anancus, the Hipparion or 3-toed horse that roamed the continent 12 million years ago and the Wolverine.

The West Coast Fossil Park is one of the most exciting fossil finds on earth, where the fossils of these animals can still be seen embedded in the mouth of an ancient river.

About 200 species of invertebrate and vertebrate animals have so far been recorded at the site. These include over 80 mammals and at least 60 birds.

Anancus family
Anancus family | Source

A visit to the West Coast Fossil Park

The day is hot, even though clouds move overhead to give intermittent shade. We stop at the visitor’s centre and take our seats for a short lecture before we all drive to the main digging sites. The guide tells us about the prehistoric BIG FIVE of South Africa, showing us bones and artist’s reproductions of the animals whose bones were deposited 5 million years ago at this ancient site.

It is difficult to believe that I had not known about this place, even though it is said to be well-known world wide with international paleontologistsand archaeologists.

The park is fourteen hectares of land, 10 kilometres outside Langebaan, Western Cape where you can see the fossilised remains of early animals, such as lion-sized sabre-toothed cats and three-toed horses.

The Langebaan Fossils were deposited about 5 million years ago
The Langebaan Fossils were deposited about 5 million years ago | Source

History of the dig - mining operations do not ALWAYS destroy

In 1958 an employee at the Chemfos Mine (a phosphate mining operation) in Langebaanweg showed researchers a remarkable find he uncovered while excavating material from the company's mine in Langebaanweg. Since then, it has been established that this deposit contains one of the sites with the greatest diversity of five million year old fossils in the world. The first phase of the West Coast Fossil Park was launched in September 1998.

Over the past 40 years, scientist have explored this site, the most well-known of these: Brett Hendey, who also published a book about his findings. The South African Museum ( Iziko Museums in Cape Town), has been working with the mine (BHP Billiton), to ensure that the palaeontological site is properly sampled and protected. Mining operations has since ceased, but the mine is involved in rehabilitation of the environment. The entire mining area, approximately 700ha, has now been declared a National Heritage Site and paleontologists from all over the world are involved in scientific analyses to learn about how these animals lived more than 5 million years ago.

Sabre-toothed cat
Sabre-toothed cat

Fossils of large Africa animals

Animal fossils found at this site include, inter alia:

  • Short necked giraffes or Sivatheres
  • Agriotherium Africanum - the first bear ever found in Africa South of the Sahara
  • Homiphoca Capensis, an extinct true seal
  • Gompothere Anancus, as large as a mammoth but very similar to the modern elephant - it became extinct about 3 million years ago.
  • Sabre-toothed cat with enlarge upper canine teeth, small hindquarters and short tail
  • Hipparion, a three-toed horse that moved into Africa about 12 million years ago.
  • The wolverine or Plesiogulo Monspessulanus. This is a representative of a ferocious group of carnivores and was as large as a small bear.

All together, more than 200 different types of animal fossils were found at the site, including a mix of land and sea animals.


After an orientation lecture in the visitors centre, we move to the main excavation site.

We are captivated by the evidence that these animals lived 5 million years ago: Some of the very large bones have been left intact, still embedded in the soil. The current site contains the bones of a herd of sivatheres, while the site nearby, still being excavated, contains more fossils of the African Bear. You almost feel like jumping in to chisel away at the remaining soil.

The explanation for this rich deposit is that 5 million years ago the site was a river mouth - now called the Berg River (which is famous for the annual Berg River Canoe race) - and which in modern times enters the sea about 20km to the north. Five million years ago the climate was much wetter and warmer and said to be the site of a mass burial when the river came down in flood, carrying thousands of plants and animal carcasses with it. These carcasses were deposited at a bend in the river and were soon covered with mud and other materials until the previous century.

The official website for the West Coast Fossil Park is:

This website provides detailed information, including ordinary activities like cycling in the park, mock digs for children and includes an animation feature, re-enacting the series of the events that led to this rich deposit.


How to get there

From Cape Town International Airport

  • Take Airport Approach Rd to Settlers Way/N2 in Kanana 5 min (4.0 km)
  • Take M7 and N7 to Melkbosstrand Rd/M19 in Cape Farms.
  • Exit from N7 25 min (29.0 km)
  • Turn left onto Melkbosstrand Rd/M19 6 min (8.3 km)
  • Follow R27 to West Coast Peninsula 57 min (95.9 km)Turn left
  • Destination will be on the left
  • West Coast Fossil Park

    What else to do while you are there:

    The nearby town of Langebaan offers varied experiences to visitors, including different accommodation options.

    Things to do and places to go include:

    • A few good restaurants, but Strandloper a must (restaurant on the beach)
    • Club Mykonons (accommodation, restaurants and activities)
    • Whale watching
    • Horse riding
    • Golf
    • Bird watching
    • Game watching in the West Coast National Park
    • Water sports
    • Langebaan Lagoon


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)