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Albert Einstein's Accomplishment in Life and Theoritical Physics

Updated on August 27, 2014
Albert Einstein old age
Albert Einstein old age


Albert Einstein birthday- Albert Einstein was born in March 14, 1879,Ulm, Germany and died April 18, 1955, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.

Albert Einstein is such a great name in the history of science that his name must be included among the top most scientific minds the world has produced so far. His theories of relativity led to the entirely new dimension of thinking about time, matter , energy , and gravity. He own the noble prize for physics in 1921 for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.

Albert Einstein Family

In 1880, the year after Einstein’s birth , his family moved from Ulm to Munich, where Hermann Einstein, his father , and Jakob Einstein, his uncle , setup a small scale electrical plant and engineering works. During that time German schools were rigidly disciplined , which Einstein found intimidating and boring. Moreover, he showed very little scholastic ability. At the behest of his mother Einstein also studied music and learned violin which the used to play throughout his life for relaxation purpose.

Early Age

At the age of 15, with poor grades in history, geography, and languages, he left school with no diploma and went to Milan to rejoin his family, who had recently moved to there from Germany because of his father’s business setbacks. Einstein resumed his education in physics and mathematics at the renowned Federal Polytechnic Academy of Zurich in Switzerland .After his graduation in the spring of 1900, he became a Swiss citizen. He worked as a mathematics teacher for two months and then he was employed as an examiner at the Swiss patent office in Bern. In 1903, Einstein married his university girl friend Mileva Maric.

Albert Einstein: giving lecture

Albert Einstein in middle age
Albert Einstein in middle age

Einstein Discoveries-Theories and Formulas

In 1905, at the age of 26 Einstein published five major research papers in a prestigious German physics journal . For his first paper he received a doctorate degree from the university of Zurich, thesis entitled “A new determination of Molecular Dimensions,”.

In his first paper he explained Brownian movement, the zigzag motion of microscopic particles in suspension, which is the random motion of molecules of the suspension medium as they bounce against the suspended particles.

His second paper laid the foundation for the photon, or quantum, theory of light. He suggested that light is composed of separate packets of energy, called quanta or photons, which exhibits some of the properties of particles and some of the properties of waves. In fact his paper redefined the theory of light. It also explained the theory of photoelectric effect, which is due to the emission of electrons from some solids when they are struck by light waves.

His third paper was linked to an essay which he wrote at the age of 16, known as “special theory of relativity.” He showed that how time and motion are relative to its observer, if the speed of light is constant and natural laws are the same everywhere in the universe –it was a complete novel idea of that time.

Einstein’s fourth paper was a mathematical addition to his third paper where he presented his famous formula , E=mc2 , known as the mass-energy relation. It says that the energy (E) inherent in a mass(m) equals the mass multiplied by the velocity of light squared(c2) .This equation proves that a small particle of matter is the equivalent of an enormous quantity of energy. This theory had helped him to be considered among the most eminent physicists of Europe during that time.

In his general theory of relativity, published in 1916, Einstein proposed that gravity is not a force, but a curved field in the space-time continuum that is created by the presence of mass.

In 1914 Einstein had accepted a position with the Prussian Academy of Sciences and moved to Berlin. During that time his wife and two sons were vacationing in Switzerland and with the eruption of World War I they were unable to return to Berlin. In fact this separation lead to divorce a few years later. Beginning in the 1920s Einstein tried to establish a mathematical relationship between electromagnetism and gravitation. He spent the rest of his life on this unsuccessful attempt to explain all of the properties of matter and energy in a single mathematical formula.

Einstein was a pacifist and an outspoken critic of German militarism. Einstein's view of humanity during the war period appears in a letter to a friend, the Austrian born Dutch physicist Paul Ehrenfest:“The ancient Jehovah is still abroad. Alas, he slays the innocent along with the guilty, whom he strikes so fearsomely blind that they can feel no sense of guilt.…We are dealing with an epidemic delusion which, having caused infinite suffering, will one day vanish and become a monstrous and incomprehensible source of wonderment to later generations.”

Einstein opposed war and violence and supported Zionism, the movement to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. In 1933 Nazis came to power in Germany ,they denounced his ideas, seized his property, and burned his books. That year he moved to the United States. In 1940 he became an American citizen.

In 1939, shortly before the outbreak of World War II in Europe, Einstein learned that two German chemists had split the uranium atom. Enrico Fermi, an Italian physicist who lived in the United States, proposed that a chain-reaction splitting of uranium atoms could release enormous quantities of energy. That same year Einstein wrote to President Franklin D. Roosevelt warning him that this scientific knowledge could lead to Germany's development of an atomic bomb. He suggested that the United States begin preparations for its own atomic bomb research. Einstein's urging led to the creation of the Manhattan Project and the development of the first two atomic bombs in 1945.

Einstein died in his sleep at Princeton Hospital, N.J., on April 18, 1955. On his desk found his last incomplete statement, written to honor Israeli Independence Day. It read in part: “What I seek to accomplish is simply to serve with my feeble capacity truth and justice at the risk of pleasing no one.” Einstein's contribution to man's understanding of the universe was matchless, and he will be regarded among the all time best scientists of science. Perhaps, realization of the vastness of our universe made him to comment, “Politics are for the moment. An equation is for eternity.”

The Secrets of Einstein's Brain

Visualization of Einstein's special relativity

Albert Einstein Quotes

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    • dohn121 profile image

      dohn121 7 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York

      Fascinating hub, Andromida. You sure do touch on so many intriguing subject matter. Albert Einstein is certainly one of the greatest (if not the greatest) minds of all of known history. You do a great service sharing this with all of us.

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 7 years ago

      Thanks dohn.Einstein was one of a few genius who offered us ground breaking novel ideas with such a magnitude that still wonders even today's scientists.I think he also will be remembered for his humanitarian effort which was also very rare among his contemporary scientists.

    • marcofratelli profile image

      marcofratelli 7 years ago from Australia

      If someone as average as Einstein can do such great things, there is hope for the rest of us :)

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 7 years ago

      Thanks Marc.That is surely true for us-perhaps we are just below average :)

    • Lady_E profile image

      Elena 7 years ago from London, UK

      Interesting Hub, interesting man. I didn't even know he was from Germany. I've learnt more things about him.

      Thanks. :)

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 7 years ago

      Thank you for the visit Elena,For a long long time no one is paying attentive to my "Einstein hub" :). Einstein used to sleep a lot and of course think a lot-it could be better if i could know what exactly he is thinking sitting in heaven :)

    • profile image

      patrick  7 years ago

      wow :)

    • PegCole17 profile image

      Peg Cole 6 years ago from Dallas, Texas

      Your hub is fascinating! Well done. Many questions I've wondered about were answered within this article.

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 6 years ago

      @pegcole-thank you so much for your interest on Einstein :)

    • profile image

      Unknown 6 years ago

      Hi everybody

    • esraustun profile image

      esraustun 6 years ago

      very interesting to learn new things about Einsten. thanks :)

    • profile image

      areanna 6 years ago

      i did not know that

    • sweetie1 profile image

      sweetie1 6 years ago from India

      Thanks Andromida for giving such a wonderful insight of life of one of the greatest scientist of modern era,

    • Astro Joey profile image

      Astro Joey 6 years ago from Planet Girlo

      Very cool hub.

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 6 years ago

      @sweetie-thank you so much for your feedback.Einstein is a source of inspiration for millions around the world.

      @astro joey-thanks :)

    • profile image

      Girl 6 years ago

      einstein was a poo poo head....

    • profile image

      isabella 6 years ago

      thanks this helped me a lot...

    • toknowinfo profile image

      toknowinfo 6 years ago

      Well done hub. Interesting and informative. Rated up and useful. Thanks for all the great info.

    • profile image

      kopal agrawal 6 years ago

      thanks einstein for your great discoveries...........

    • profile image

      wawawaw2 6 years ago

      einstein is very complicated but i like his hair

    • profile image

      Echa 6 years ago

      nice article.The world will for many years to come continue to appreciate the scientific and political contributions of Albert Einstein.

    • Gary Shorthouse profile image

      Gary Shorthouse 5 years ago from Reading, UK

      Excellent article

    • profile image

      Jackiee ! < 3 ; D 5 years ago

      I Lovee Alexx Adrian Bizzaro Ahaa' ! < 3

      Hes My Everythinqq ; D

    • profile image

      Dnt Need To Knw ! : P 5 years ago

      Awesome article people Ahaa' ! ; )

    • profile image

      tom 5 years ago

      this is an excellent source of his info and his creation

    • profile image

      jania 5 years ago

      Wowwwww

    • profile image

      danny 5 years ago

      yeah

    • profile image

      bob 5 years ago

      albert is cool

    • dipless profile image

      dipless 5 years ago from Manchester

      An Interesting article, but then who doesn't love Einstein.

    • James A Watkins profile image

      James A Watkins 5 years ago from Chicago

      This is a wonderful Hub. I enjoyed learning more about Albert Einstein and you fleshed out some of his ideas for me. Thank you for the good read!

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 5 years ago

      @dipless -thank you so much for loving Albert :)

      @James A Watkins-I have always been fascinated with the achievement of this great scientist.Thank you so much.

    • profile image

      me 5 years ago

      yaaaaaa i love einstein hes so hotttt!!! :D

    • profile image

      karategirl 5 years ago

      einstein is soooooooooooo cool! and smart. and needs a better hairstylist.

    • profile image

      api 5 years ago

      Einstein is world best scientist ever

    • profile image

      someone 4 years ago

      einstein is the best scientest that had this hair i like this article it is super duper

    • truebluewriter profile image

      Malds Menzon 4 years ago from Manila, Philippines

      Great hub about one of the worlds smartest men.

    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 4 years ago from Nepal

      One of the greatest mind to ever live on the earth.

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 4 years ago

      @Vinaya: Absolutely.Thank you so much Vinaya for stopping by.

    • profile image

      mom454 4 years ago

      cool

    • LongTimeMother profile image

      LongTimeMother 4 years ago from Australia

      As a young girl I knew an old lady who was a friend of Einstein's. They used to write to each other and I read some of his letters. He would send her photos and books as they were published with little messages penned inside the books and on the photos.

      I regret not having been old enough to appreciate his brilliance and quiz her more about him before she died. I knew he was famous and I was interested ... but not as interested as I would have been a few years later.

      Good hub. Voted up.

    Albert Einstein - inspirational words of wisdom

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