Eternal, expanding universe

  1. janesix profile image60
    janesixposted 2 years ago

    This is the "torus" theory for the shape of the universe. It shows how the universe can be eternal, yet how we can still see it as "expanding". Conservation laws are kept, as the total mass/energy is the same forever,in a closed system.

  2. janesix profile image60
    janesixposted 2 years ago

    he Cosmic Background Explorer was an explorer satellite launched in 1989 by NASA that used a Far Infrared Absolute Spectrometer (FIRAS) to measure the radiation of the Universe.[2] Led by researchers John C. Mather and George Smoot, COBE was able to obtain precise readings of radiation frequencies across the Universe. With data on the Universe’s radiation distribution, Mather and Smoot discovered small discrepancies in temperature fluctuation known as anisotropies throughout the Universe. The finding of anisotropies led Mather and Smoot to conclude the Universe consists of regions of varying densities. In the early stages of the Universe, these denser regions of the cosmos were responsible for attracting the matter that ultimately became galaxies and solar systems. In “Microwave Background Anisotropy in a Toroidal Universe” by Daniel Stevens, Douglas Scott, and Joseph Silk of University of California Berkeley, the cosmologists proposed the isotropic universe suggests a complicated geometric structure. The researchers argued the density fluctuations reported by COBE proved “multiply connected universes are possible, [and] the simplest [and most probable multiply connected universe] is the three-dimensional torus.” Additionally, the journal concludes a torus shaped universe is compatible with COBE data if the diameter of the torus' tube is at least 80% greater than the torus’ horizontal diameter.[3] Thus, COBE provided researchers with the first concrete evidence for a torus-shaped universe. COBE was eventually decommissioned by NASA on December 23, 1993.[2] … e_universe

  3. aware profile image69
    awareposted 2 years ago

    The universe is far to vast for a speck of dust to pin it down. Thats all i got.