This is the "torus" theory for the shape of the universe. It shows how the universe can be eternal, yet how we can still see it as "expanding". Conservation laws are kept, as the total mass/energy is the same forever,in a closed system.
he Cosmic Background Explorer was an explorer satellite launched in 1989 by NASA that used a Far Infrared Absolute Spectrometer (FIRAS) to measure the radiation of the Universe. Led by researchers John C. Mather and George Smoot, COBE was able to obtain precise readings of radiation frequencies across the Universe. With data on the Universe’s radiation distribution, Mather and Smoot discovered small discrepancies in temperature fluctuation known as anisotropies throughout the Universe. The finding of anisotropies led Mather and Smoot to conclude the Universe consists of regions of varying densities. In the early stages of the Universe, these denser regions of the cosmos were responsible for attracting the matter that ultimately became galaxies and solar systems. In “Microwave Background Anisotropy in a Toroidal Universe” by Daniel Stevens, Douglas Scott, and Joseph Silk of University of California Berkeley, the cosmologists proposed the isotropic universe suggests a complicated geometric structure. The researchers argued the density fluctuations reported by COBE proved “multiply connected universes are possible, [and] the simplest [and most probable multiply connected universe] is the three-dimensional torus.” Additionally, the journal concludes a torus shaped universe is compatible with COBE data if the diameter of the torus' tube is at least 80% greater than the torus’ horizontal diameter. Thus, COBE provided researchers with the first concrete evidence for a torus-shaped universe. COBE was eventually decommissioned by NASA on December 23, 1993.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three-toru … e_universe
The universe is far to vast for a speck of dust to pin it down. Thats all i got.
by Lela6 years ago
Most people I talk to have a concept of the universe as a fixed amount of space with some sort of boundary surrounding it. Some people believe God lives beyond this "boundary".Please explain why you believe...
by SparklingJewel9 years ago
So this is what I was remembering having read. If we can't discuss what was considered 1998's biggest scientific breakthrough on the science forum, where does it belong? www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3077857 and just Google...
by vydyulashashi6 years ago
Do you think black holes re;;y exist?
by Emile R4 years ago
I've put this into the philosophy forum because I'm interested in what those who ponder the meaning of the cosmos would consider the ramifications of the answer to be.We talk of the Space-Time Continuum. We know the...
by Csaba Bebesai5 years ago
Does the Universe have an ending? Can you explain?
by Alexander A. Villarasa3 years ago
That the universe is NOT eternal has been codified by scientific evidence (i.e. the second law of thermodynamics; the radiation echo of the Big Bang; Einstein theory of Relativity) that it had a beginning....
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