Why did World War I evolve from a war of rapid movement to a war from the trenches?
Short answer is that the offensive technologies used to fight the war (tanks, chemical weapons, automatic weapons, planes, etc...) far outpaced both the defensive technologies and strategies used. The more nuanced an answer you go from there simply will flesh out the approximate percentages of importance and history and implication of each of the technologies and strategies. Consult Wikipedia or Google to get started on a more in depth answer if you want/need it.
Trenches only developed in France on the Western Front. The main theatre of the war was in Russia and there were few to no trenches used there. Trench warfare was not a characteristic of the fighting that took place between the allies and Ottomans in the Middle East. Trench warfare developed because the German troops marching or riding across France were stopped by the concentrated machine gun fire and Howitzer artillery of the French and British armies. The Germans, refusing to retreat, dug defensive trenches, and stopped using horse cavalry. New technologies emerged as a means of breaking through the trenches on one side or another, such as tanks, chemical weapons, or aerial bombers.
In effect, the lack of tactical strategy of the period, combined with the rapid advances in technology from 1815 was the main reason as to why it became a war of rapid movement to a war of trenches.
For example, the strategy of 1914, in looking at the German Schleiffen Plan, was to make a rapid advance on Paris. This concept/strategy was from a bygone era when vast armies moved at rapid speed against another army also travelling at speed across vast areas of land. The development of the Machine Gun and the quick firing rifle put an end to the 'vast advance' principal.
I'd say it was the technology. i outlined my theory in a hub a while back...
http://hubpages.com/hub/The-Jump-in-the … of-Warfare
One of the main reasons the war of maneuver degenerated into trench warfare on the western front was because the armies ran out of room to outflank each other. In the south they ran into the Swiss Alps and in the north, they ran into the English channel. Once the trenches were dug, barbed wire strung and machine guns placed, forward movement (attacking) also became problematic.
by lol1234567897 years ago
what were the four types of trenches used by allies
by Paloma Jacome7 years ago
why was trenches built in world war one
by ionabbrown7 years ago
what day did they start making the trenches in world war one " august "
by Credence24 months ago
I propose a truce allowing the rightwinger access to our trenches in greetings and good cheer, at least for the moment, similar to this touching account from World War I:----------------------------Starting on Christmas...
Copyright © 2018 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
HubPages® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.