Why are people able to speak a language, but cannot write or read it?
People may like short cuts and quick time solutions. Relatively speaking is easy than writing or reading so they follow that trend. Many people have good excuse that they don't have enough time for that but actual thing is they have time have no interest and passion on doing such time consuming activities.
As far as I'm concern, I've met a few who does speak foreign languages fluently,but not be able to write or read in that particular languages just because they have friends who does speak that particular languages.This is called,social speakers.They learn to communicate in that particular languages just for the sake of communication skills.They learn by listening,watching TV dramas or by communicating with locals.This usually happen when if you are staying/living in a country which does not speak your language neither do they speak in language that are well known to you(ie :English).
On the other hand,some people have difficulties in reading and writing.They are said to have dyslexia.Dyslexia is characterized by difficulty with learning to read fluently and with accurate comprehension despite normal intelligence.This includes difficulty with phonological awareness, phonological decoding, processing speed, orthographic coding, auditory short-term memory, language skills/verbal comprehension, and/or rapid naming.
Developmental reading disorder (DRD) is the most common learning disability. Dyslexia is the most recognized of reading disorders, however not all reading disorders are linked to dyslexia.
Some see dyslexia as distinct from reading difficulties resulting from other causes, such as a non-neurological deficiency with vision or hearing, or poor or inadequate reading instruction.There are three proposed cognitive subtypes of dyslexia (auditory, visual and attentional), although individual cases of dyslexia are better explained by specific underlying neuropsychological deficits and co-occurring learning disabilities (e.g. attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, math disability, etc.). Although it is considered to be a receptive language-based learning disability in the research literature, dyslexia also affects one's expressive language skills.
People are able to speak other languages but cannot write like me, I speak Arabic but I can't write it. I have to learn spoken Arabic in Kuwait when I worked there in 1985 because the children of my former employers do not speak English so I was determined to learn their Arabic language so after 3 months of working in Kuwait, I was able to communicate with them in their own language. It is hard to learn another language but it is possible if you have determination and patience as well as enthusiasm. It was fun learning Arabic as well.
I think there are a variety of possible answers to this question. Preschoolers can speak a language but don't yet have the skills needed for learning to read and write.
There are still whole language groups throughout the world that don't have a written language. They are completely oral. So they obviously wouldn't be able to read and write a language.
And also there are people who speak a language in order to have a relationship but they have no need (or time/inclination) to learn to be literate in that language. For example if someone's dad is Chinese but speaks fluent English, mom is American, and they live in the States, the child might learn to speak Chinese in order to communicate with paternal grandparents but would probably not learn to read or write the language.
This can happen. For example, Urdu and Hindi Languages are almost same when spoken but have quite different writing script. People from both languages can understand and speak other language but often can not write or read it.
Learning to read and write is like a separate language. Children learn to speak from exposure and interaction - and then we have to teach them to read in school. It is like a second, symbolic language to them.
This is an interesting question I ask myself at times. I have learned mandarin Chinese when I was young but I have such a difficult time reading or writing it now. I want to believe its attributed to different centres or hemispheres of the brain. For example, language and speech would be in Broca's area of the brain and that's separate from the ability to read and write.
I think because they are different processes that require the functionality of different parts of the brain, some skills can be lost easier than others.
To another point, it's commonly said that you either use it or loose it. When moving to a new country, you likely still converse with family or friends in the other language but it's often difficult to have chances to use the old language in reading or writing situations. Thus, those skills diminish faster as they are used much less frequently.
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