Does architecture drive the culture of society or does society drive architecture?
I think both these statements are true. Trends in architecture impact other art forms and the culture as a whole. Environment is arguably as important a factor to who we become as our genetic codes. in cities, architecture is the environment, at least in the symbolic sense.
Monumental buildings signal where as a society we should be placing resources and investing our interest. What drives any society can be understood by looking at the buildings that are built to last.
In ancient Egypt, royal tombs were meant to last for eternity; in ancient Greece, public buildings, places of learning, and temples; in Rome, roads, bridges, aqueducts- the infrastructure of civil order and military supply. Medieval Europe was like a circulatory system made up of cathedrals and fortresses- either moving foreign populations into areas or keeping them out as needed.
Throughout early America, banks, churches, and courthouses in every town were built ornately of stone. Our contemporary palaces are likely to be commercial buildings and corporate headquarters.
Considering architecture is created by society, I would say society drives architecture. However, if a society creates and abandons a place, and a new society with a new culture moves in, architecture can drive culture. For example, if architecture was created by a society that values privacy, with high windows, fences, and front doors facing away from each other, and then relocate to a new territory, the culture that replaces them will also probably learn to value privacy.
Coincidently, we just studied architecture and society in my Human Geography course.
Copyright © 2019 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
|HubPages Device ID||This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.|
|Login||This is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.|
|HubPages Traffic Pixel||This is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.|
|Remarketing Pixels||We may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.|
|Conversion Tracking Pixels||We may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.|