JEE Main, JEE Advance & NEET for Engineering and Medical Admissions in India
First year of implementation of new norms for regulation of admission to undergraduate engineering course in IIT exposed some flaws that needs to be addressed and Joint Advisory Board (JAB) comprising IIT Directors will discuss shortly the eligibility criteria of 20 percentile and consider to relax this norm to 80 percent marks in the Class XII board exam. Criteria of top 20 percentile came under attack after dozens of candidates failed to make it to final admission list even after cracking the final test.
Format of entrance examinations has undergone a sea change beginning 2013.The All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) has been replaced by Joint Engineering Entrance Main or JEE Main 2013. JEE Main 2013 was conducted from this year in two modes viz., Offline and Online (CBT). Students seeking admission to undergraduate courses such as B.Arch or B. Planning appeared in offline mode only but those seeking admission in B.E/B.Tech had both options available (On & Offline).
Confusion in working out top 20 percentile: CBSE & State Boards calculated top 20 percentile using total number of candidates appeared in the Class XII examination whereas IITs considered the number of passing students instead of appeared ones to work out 20 percentile. It resulted in higher cutoff and exclusion of 79 candidates who have cleared JEE Advanced examination. Students securing above 90 percent marks failed to make in the list of top 20 percentile. Formula used by IITs involved the procedure of dividing the number of passing students below a candidate by the total number of passing candidates and then multiplying the result by 100.
Several states participated in single national engineering entrance test.NITs, IITs, CIFTs and several other state funded institutions have agreed to allow admission to undergraduate engineering courses based on JEE Main 2013 results plus board marks weightage. IITs and ISM Dhanbad will admit top-1,50,000 students based on one more examination called JEE Advance and scheduled to be held on June 2, 2013. About one million candidates appeared in JEE-Main 2013 and those who got equal to or more than the cut-off marks were declared qualified. As per reports in the media cut-off set for various categories are: General Category -113, OBC - 70, SC - 50 and ST-45.
JEE Main - 2013
There will not be any AIEEE examination from 2013 onwards as it is substituted by JEE-Main. However, JEE-Main will be organized by the same agency (CBSE) who was conducting AIEEE in the past years. Admissions in the engineering courses in NITs,IITs, DTU and other Centrally Funded Technical institutes will be held based on the results of ZEE (Main) examination and using the same process of counseling by Central Counseling Board. The merit list will be prepared by giving 40% weightage to class XII (or equivalent examination) or other qualifying examination marks and 60% to the performance in JEE (Main) Examination. Aspirants for admission to B.E./B.Tech. courses will be evaluated this year onward in paper and pen examination (Offline mode) for their performance in 3 hour duration question paper consisting of Mathematics, Aptitude Test and Drawing Test. Candidates seeking admission to B.E./B.Tech. Courses have to appear in 3 hours examination consisting of one objective type paper subdivided in three parts (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) conducted. Earlier AIEEE have two separate papers (Paper I & paper II) for B.E/B.Tech and B. Arch/B. Planning and the same will be replaced now by JEE (Main) with two examinations.
AIPMT will be replaced by National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) from this year onwards. CBSE conducting AIPMT in the past will conduct NEET in the current year and also in the future. Both Online and Offline formats for the NEET would be available to opt for medical education aspirants from current year i.e. 2013. Examination for current year will be taken on 5th May, 2013 for admission to around 31000 medical seats of MBBS & BDS. Admission test will be valid for admission in all the medical colleges (271 government & private medical colleges) under the ambit of Medical Council of India barring AIIMS and JIPMER. Single entrance examination called NEET will substitute not only AIPMT but 17 examinations earlier being conducted by different states for medical or dental college undergraduate courses.
NEET will consist 180 multiple choice questions from Biology, Chemistry and Physics from curriculum of class XI & XII. Maximum time allowed to answer is 3 hours. Each question will get one minute time for answering it.
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Few tips on NEET:
- Medical aspirants have to appear in a single test for admission to almost all medical colleges (except few) will be made based on the results of the common entrance test i.e. NEET.
- Since test is to be conducted by CBSE, it will have same syllabus as for plus II and also AIPMT and majority of the questions are likely from NCERT books.
- It will offer more scope (more seats) based on a single examination whereas medical aspirants earlier required to appear in about 17 different entrance tests of different states.
- Medical aspirant need to apply for a single test and it will result in saving costs on filling several forms for various examinations.
- Aspirants from certain states will have to labor little extra for few years since some of the state boards have to add few topics in their plus two syllabus to make it at par with CBSE.
- A single test will eliminate all hassles related to clashes in dates and timings of different tests .
- Emphasis on questions from organic and inorganic chemistry, mechanics and electrodynamics (Physics) is more useful for achieving good results in the entrance test.
- Memorizing and practicing formula based questions is important for scoring qualifying marks.
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