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The Calendar: time speeds up!

Updated on April 9, 2010

No-where in all the research I have done about calendars does it point out when time starts to speed up.

Like everyone worldwide is doing and has done for thousands of years I use a calendar to plan my days, weeks, months and years. All of life's events, meetings for work, appointments, holidays, all plans for the future are set onto a calendar.

Accomplished milestones determine our personal calendars, display our worth or time spent. Our birth, our first steps, first day of school, 13th birthday, high-school, drivers license, first date, marriage, first...second...third child, your children leaving home one at a time, etc (did you notice the speeding up of time here?)

All important marks are set against the backdrop of one day passing after another. Each and every event, great or small, personal or public , has it's day, month and year which fixes itself into that particular place in time.

Little or no thought at all goes into the beginnings of the calendar itself even though its as colorful as history itself. The roots of the calendar can be traced back over 6000 years to the ancient Egyptians. The civilization that bequeathed us some of the greatest wonders of the world also gave us the very bases of the calendar, which we still use today.
Although this forerunner of calendars was set up based on the movements of the Sun alone the ancient Egyptians did not take the moons movements into account at all. Everything the ancients did 'rotated' around the sun (pun intended).

They were the first 'farmers' (from what historians have gathered) and as such they used the movements of the sun to determine the length and the repeat of the cycles of the seasons - Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter. These seasonal changes were to become known to the astronomers as the tropical year and they were able to measure, even without the sophisticated tools that were to come in the future, very precisely that a year took 365.2422 days long to pass.

some of my thoughts

Did you see any evidence or warnings about time speeding up? Where in any of the Egyptian writings does it say that after an individual has seen 36.52422 of those rotations around the sun that things will speed up? That time will fly by faster from then on ??? Does it say anywhere that the passing of those 365.2422 day units will now take 2-5% less time???

Not that I found yet. Maybe later on in the calendars history? Is this speeding up a one time affair, or heaven forbid just the beginnings of gradual acceleration?

For thousands of years this Egyptian calendar was to be the only civil time measure in the ancient world in which the length of each day, month and year was fixed and as such is the forerunner of our modern calendar.

Let me back pedal a bit; a calendar begins with astronomy, with the Sun, the Earth and the Moon. Better said it begins with seconds, hours, sunrise to sunset, the length of the day, the lunar month, the year.

just more of my thoughts: sad would it be for the historians if there was no calendar to mark all those special dissect-able events history past......

In waltz the Romans... About the eights century B.C.E. or so ago they determined that lives were governed by the cycle of night and day, the waxing and waning of the Moon and the passage of the seasons. And as such, started to measure the lunar month by the phases of the Moon - New Moon, First Quarter, Full Moon, Last Quarter, then back to the beginnings again. However when this 'new age' Roman calendar was introduced it inaccurately was set up on only 304 days...spread out over 10 months. Martius, Aprilis, Maius, Junius, Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, November, December. With the names of the last six months having been taken from the Roman language for five, six, seven, eight, nine and ten.

my two cents worth!

Shame on you Romans, for shame ... No fooling around with the calendar... unless you can add extra to the end product (a year taking twice as long to pass would be good... that would make me 28....yup I could live with that)

By 450 B.C.E. the months and seasons were totally out of sync. To make the calendar match the solar year Numa, the Roman ruler of the time proclaimed, all easy and uncomplicated that the additions of January at the end of the year and February at the beginning was necessary. And to make things still simpler a 23 day long month called Mercedinus was to be inserted between February 23 and 24 every other year. (now that's easy to work with)

A short 400 years later, the calendar was so messed up that winter started the first week in September.

Shortly before the time when good old Julius Caesar became Pontifex Maximus, the Roman Calippus, came up with the calculations that made 940 lunar months equal to 76 years, with each year being 365.25 days long.

By this time the calendar had slipped by almost three months with respect to the seasons. Julius Caesar was determined to fix it all. He played around with the calendar long enough that they actually named it the 'Julian' Calendar.

With the help of astronomer Sosigenes the calendar received a total makeover. In this Julian version of the calendar in 46 B.C.E. he got rid of Mercedina, the remaining 12 months each kept their names, He then divid up the days of the year 'evenly' by giving 4 month 30 days and 7 months 31 days except for February, which he gave 28 and a 29th day every 4 years.

Februarius(28 or 29), Martius (31), Aprilis(30), Maius(31), Junius(30), Quintilis(31), Sextilis(31), September(30), October(31), November(30), December(31) and Januarius(31). .

As can be seen apart from Quintilis and Sextilis most of these names have stayed almost unchanged over two thousand plus years. Quintilis was the birth month of Julius Caesar so in his honor it's name was changed to Julius in 44 B.C.E and Sextilis was renamed for the Emperor Augustus in 8 B.C.E.

This Julian calendar was observed without any further changes until the great reform of Pope Gregory XIII in 1582. The Romans had a minor miscalculation they called a year 365.25 days however the accurate number should have been approximately 365.24238968 days long or 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 45.1875 seconds but changing slightly every year.This eleven minutes 14 seconds or so discrepancy doesn't seem like much in real time but over centuries it sure adds up.

my input

...most likely something happened at the end of February which Julius Caesar did not want to be reminded of, hence giving that poor month only 28 day with an extra once every 4 years only...honestly how unfair was that division...

Obviously day following day, month following month, year after year has always been there with the calendar just giving 'Time' some frame work. Time can be broken up into units, the time it takes for the earth to rotate on its axis 'DAY', the time it takes for the moon to orbit the earth 'MONTH' and the time it takes for the earth to orbit the sun 'YEAR'.

This calendar has become the tool mankind is using to choreograph the perpetual intertwined dance of the Sun, Moon and Earth. It has served for two thousand years and no doubt will serve for another two thousand!

And still NO evidence of why and when the speeding up of the clock is to happen... Maybe I should look at a more modern place for this time acceleration...possibly the Royal Greenwich Observatory which is the focal point of accurate timekeeping will be able to explain this phenomenon.

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    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      gramarye,I know exactly what you mean about drifting in and out of thought. Things that I'm reading will trigger memories and off I go on my little mind excursions.

      thanks for taking a look and for commenting.

      hope you're well

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • gramarye profile image

      gramarye 8 years ago from Adelaide - Australia

      Great hub, I find this type of thing really interesting, and spent half my reading time drifting into deep thinking - possibly in deep space!

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Kerkedijk, so glad you stopped in. I work from me home desk so the day planner works best for me. But if I were out and about everyday I probably would use the mobile phone calendar too.

      Where about in Germany are you? I grew up near the German border near Aachen. As my dad was an avid fisherman would go fishing in Weisweiler almost weekly.

      Good luck with the studies

      regards Zsuzsy

    • Kerkedijk profile image

      Kerkedijk 8 years ago from Ireland

      thanks for this, great food for thought this Sunday afternoon. I must get writing soon! I am back to college tomorrow for my German studies and I will try to write daily for about an hour just as a kind of online diary on life as a foreigner in Germany.

      I use my mobile phone calendar now - I find it helps and gives me constant reminders of upcoming events! I have yet to forget something since we all started using mobiles. I use it for everything in my life:)

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      breakfastpop, thanks for dropping in and for commenting.

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • breakfastpop profile image

      breakfastpop 8 years ago

      Terrific and thought provoking hub.

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Pamela so glad you stopped in. The hub came about because I forgot my day agenda at my daughters when I was there last and I can't tell you how lost I was. All my appointments, all my day to day jobs are all written in there...I write everything in there so I don't have to try to remember.

      I hope you're well

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Nell how are you? Always glad when you come over for a visit. So those self powered clock don't work? I can just imagine the spooky that would be attached to a clock going off at 2 am. eeeeek

      thanks for commenting

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Support Med I do not much care for daylight savings time etc... it's a pain in the watoosy as far as I'm concerned.

      Thanks for dropping in

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 8 years ago from United States

      Very interesting and different topic. I enjoyed this hub and you did an excellent job in covering the topic.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 8 years ago from England

      Hi, this is great, I always get muddled up with who did what when etc, and now I know. A funny thing happened to my brother recently about time. He bought one of those clocks than don't need a battery, it is automatically run by radio waves from a central clock. he set it up, and every night for about two weeks at two in the morning, he was woken up by a loud wurring sound, and after searching around the house he discovered that it was the stupid clock! for some reason the signal went funny every night at two! the hands spun around and around, as though it was haunted LOL he got so fed up of the stupid thing he threw it in the bin!! ha ha so much for technology!! Nell

    • Support Med. profile image

      Support Med. 8 years ago from Michigan

      This hub is very educational. I see time has been modified a few times. However, at this point in the game, it would really throw us off balance (like working at night and having to sleep during the day, which is difficult for most people who have that type of schedule). I find the 'fall back' and 'spring forward' idea not much to boast about as well. And I wonder how my downstairs neighbor feels when I decided to wash a load of clothes at eleven p.m. and it's cycle is spinning over his head because it took me that long to feel like it is only two in the afternoon, and he's 80 yrs old. Maybe if I'd written it on my calendar, I would have laundered earlier in the day LOL!!! There are many times I feel like time is moving too quickly and other 'times' when I feel like time is moving too slow. I guess that's why we have to schedule everything so we can at least have a better chance of getting the things done which we need and/or want to get done in a day, month or year. Remember that song that said 'Does anybody really know what time it is?" Time, a force to be reckoned with. Good hub read!

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      creativelycc, thank you for taking a look and for commenting.

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • creativelycc profile image

      Carrie L Cronkite 8 years ago from Maine

      I learned a lot from this article, Very thorough and informative.

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      ainehannah, thanks for taking a look and for commenting. This is why I wrote this hub...I was always able to get so much done in a day and now before I know it its mid morning and I'm no-where finished what I set out to do. (I know I usually bite off more then I can chew, but that never stopped me before)

      With other can't be me, it's the whole time bit of the universe that's messed up hehehe

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Hello Sir Greek you keep telling me about the phone directory but I can tell you right now it would not be interesting..

      Always glad when you stop by.

      hope you're well

      greetings and kindest regards to you and your wifey


    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      AlexK2009, I'm nosey to find out about your clue to this speeding-up-time theory. Thanks for dropping in.

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      myownworld, time does fly by, doesn't it...? Thanks for stopping by.

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      GPage, how are you my dear? Still busy, busy? I'm always glad when take the time to drop in for a visit.

      I'm totally serious about time speeding up...I would swear that I just had my babies a little while ago... now my babies are all grown up and they have their own babies...

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • ainehannah profile image

      Aine O'Connor 8 years ago from Dublin

      Hot dang hub. I loved this: both for the content of the main feature - the info on the calendar's history and your thoughts - and the structure of the ads and the links to your other hubs.

      Now if I could only find enough minutes in this accelerated time capsule (after 40 years) to apply them to my own hubs....

    • De Greek profile image

      De Greek 8 years ago from UK

      With your usual flair you again manage to present things in such an interesting manner that one cannot stop reading until the end. In the end, it is not the subject matter, it is YOU. You manage to make everything interesting. I have no doubt that even your own personal version of the telephone directory will become a best seller :-)

    • AlexK2009 profile image

      AlexK2009 8 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

      Fascinating. I think I have a clue to the speeding up of time but that is for later. Amazing we can measure time but have no idea what it is

    • myownworld profile image

      myownworld 8 years ago from uk

      What an interesting (and insightful) angle you've given the whole evolution of calender and time! It's fascinating how the Egyptians used the sun as the measure of time, while Romans put their own 'spin' on it. All I know is time is just flying! Anyway, great hub.. :)

    • GPAGE profile image

      GPAGE 8 years ago from California

      This has always been very interesting to me. Thank you for this informative hub!

      I remember a movie a long time ago where time stops in it and people do not know if it is day or night.........liked your thoughts on the Julian calendar 2...

      time, days, minutes, years, centuries............amazing!!!!......G

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Thank you Betsy for taking a look and for commenting.

      kindest regards Zsuzsy

    • BetsyIckes profile image

      BetsyIckes 8 years ago from Pennsylvania

      Very interesting post. It makes you stop and think!


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