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Are All Babies Born With Blue Eyes?

Updated on June 22, 2014
When Do Babies Eyes Change Colour?
When Do Babies Eyes Change Colour?

When Do Babies Eyes Change Color?

Who was it that said "...your eyes are the window to your soul..."?

No wonder we place so much emphasis on eyes and eye color, particularly that of a baby as we spend countless hours gazing into their eyes.

We dream away the hours wondering who they will become, what they will look like, what kind of person they will be and what eye colour will they end up with.

When do babies eyes change color?

Human Eye Color

Even if both parents have blue eyes, they can produce green or brown-eyed children.

Eye Color Genetics

The eye color of a human can range from blue, in its lightest shade, to the darkest shade of brown and is determined genetically. Genetic research indicates that eye color is determined by more than one gene, so the once understood theory that blue eyes were a recessive trait no longer stands. The eye color of parents and their children therefore can be one of many combinations.

Particular genes are understood to account for the common eye colors of brown, blue and green. Other eye colors such as hazel and even grey (or those with combinations of any) are understood to be related to another gene altogether.

The theory still stands however that brown eye genes are dominant over green eye genes, which in turn are both dominant over blue eye genes. However, because more than one gene is required to ultimately form the final eye color, you can end up with green eyes or even brown eyes if your parents both have blue eyes.

Baby Eye Color Changes After Birth

When a baby is born their body is still developing at an alarming rate. The pigment that controls hair colour, eye color and skin color is also still developing. During the first 12 months baby's eyes develop and melanin is produced. It is the melanin that controls the baby eye color. It can take up to three years before the final eye color is determined.

Melanin comes in one shade only and that is yellow-black.

Baby eye color is not technically determined from the color of the melanin per se, but from the amount that is produced. The more melanin that is produced, the more we see the baby eye color change from light blue through to green, to hazel or even to brown.

If you have low levels of melanin in the front part of your iris, you have blue eyes. An increasing proportion of the yellow melanin, in combination with the black melanin, results in shades of colors between brown and blue, including green and hazel.

Baby's First Year Sticker Calendar
Baby's First Year Sticker Calendar

A great way to track the changes in your baby over the first 12 months.


Why are newborn baby's eyes blue?

So why do we commonly see a newborn baby with blue eyes?

Well the answer lies somewhere in the same region as the question as to why the sky is blue.

The reason is because the iris in a newborn baby's eye is not yet developed and therefore does not have color, albeit a small amount of melanin only, and anything that does not have color commonly appears blue because blue is the most easily reflected color of light in the spectrum. You could also call it nature's default color.

Before our irises produce melanin, they don't reflect any color, so, like the sky, they look blue, too.

A total absence of color is the rare condition of albinism.

Did you know?

It has been said that African-American, Hispanic, and Asian babies are almost always born with dark eyes that remain dark.

Colored Contact Lenses

Have you ever purchased colored contact lenses to change the color or look of your eyes?

Eye Color

What color eyes are most attractive to you?

See results

Can your eyes be a different color?

As rare as it may be, some people are have different eye colors. One may be brown, the other green. I actually know someone with different eye colors. Naturally. It is quite a sight to see. (pardon the pun). This is generally caused by a genetic malformation in the pigmentation.

Inflammation of the iris can also cause this, in addition to being affected by Horner's Syndrome. In a baby, this syndrome will cause a difference in eye color between each eye.

When you next sit and gaze into your baby's gorgeous eyes, as I have on many occasions, enjoy their color as they could change. To what color exactly is anyone's guess.

Just as their hair may fall out and grow a different color, or simply change over time, and their skin will take on a different shade as they grow and are exposed to the sun, so too will their eyes.

A small amount of melanin will result in gorgeous blue eyes. A a touch more and you will see green eyes or maybe hazel. Throw a lot more into the mixture and your gorgeous baby will be staring back at you with adorable large brown eyes.

All Hubs are Original Material by 'Work At Home Mums' ©


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      laura 3 years ago

      My husband has blue eyes and I have what I've always considered green. They would be blue save for the bits of yellow in a pattern around the iris which then gives the green effect. None of our six kids have my husband's clear blue. One Songs has bluer eyes than the rest , but next to his dad's they look green. When they are compared none of them are alike. One daughter actually seems to have hazel eyes. Also, my kids eyes have changed all their lives. My eyes have changed. The older I get the more yellow pigment is aquired making them look greener.

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      greeneyedblondie 3 years ago

      My mom says my brother was born with brown eyes (they're still brown). A lot of the reason people are born with blue eyes (and sometimes blonde hair) because the sun hasn't added melanin to the eyes or hair.

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      GreenEyes 4 years ago

      I was born with saphire eyes and i always wanted those eyes. Afterwards i got green eyes and wanted blue. I took a picture of my eyes and say that i mabye have something kinda different eyes. The one is most hazel and the other green and with a hint of saphire and some dots in there. I have eyes that changes with the weather ETC.

    • WorkAtHomeMums profile image

      WorkAtHomeMums 6 years ago from Australia

      Yes it seems that Eye color is a complex trait that depends on the state of several interacting genes. Quite amazing. Thank you for reading..

    • Trish_M profile image

      Tricia Mason 6 years ago from The English Midlands

      Hi :)

      Very interesting topic.

      I knew that eye colour genetics had been found to be more complex that was believed when I was at school, but, even so, I hadn't heard that 'you can end up with ... brown eyes if your parents both have blue eyes'. That is most surprising.

    • WorkAtHomeMums profile image

      WorkAtHomeMums 6 years ago from Australia

      I have hazel eyes, my husband brown. My daughter has brown eyes and my son blue. Its just too funny! Thank you for sharing :)

    • SmartAndFun profile image

      SmartAndFun 6 years ago from Texas

      I am not much of a science person, but I find these genetic topics so interesting. I have red hair and brown eyes, and my husband has dark brown hair and brown eyes. We were not surprised when our first child was born with very dark brown, nearly black eyes almost immediately - they really didn't look blue from the moment she opened them. But we were surprised when our son was born with light blue eyes that stayed blue! We never thought two brown-eyed parents would have a blue-eyed child. Thanks for a great explanation!