ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Facts About Rice

Updated on November 22, 2019

Asia alone consumes and produces more than 85% of the world's rice. As the world's most populous country, China consumes more rice than any other country (about 143 million ton in 2018) followed by India (with 100 million metric tons).

Good news for rice eaters - whether kept in freezer, refrigerator or pantry, there's plenty of rices that have an indefinite shelf life. Basmati, jasmine, wild, and white rices are among the many that can last forever. If we keep them away from contaminants, rices can stay fresh for as long as we like. Make sure they are stored in a cool and dry area.

According to Chinese scientist, the longevity and strength of the Great Wall of China actually lies in the sticky rice (by mixing it with slaked lime) that they used as mortar. Besides the Great Wall, they used the same mortar to build lesser city walls, tombs and pagodas. The researchers from Zhejiang University explained that the legendary strength of this rice-lime mortar comes from amylopectin.

Nutrients provided by rice include magnesium, iron, zinc, B vitamins (e.g riboflavin, thiamin, niacin and folate), carbohydrate and other components such as fibre.
However, uncooked rice contains bacteria spores which can cause food poisoning. These spores can actually survive cooking but dont worry as they wont hurt us unless we give them a chance to grow into bacteria (that will happen if we leave cooked rices too long at room temperature).

Fried rice is one of the most common food associated with outbreaks of B. cereus. This is because cooked rices is left out to cool for hours or long enough for the bacteria to germinate before this cooled contaminated rice is fried with other ingredients, often at a temperature which is not hot enough to destroy the toxin.

Fried rice
Fried rice

In Malaysia and Indonesia, there is a dish called "nasi lemak", a rice dish cooked in pandan leaf and coconut milk. This rice is also popular in countries like Brunei, Singapore, and Southern Thailand. Nasi uduk is also a popular rice dish in Indonesia which similar with nasi lemak but cooked in bay leaf and coconut milk.
Yellow rice is another popular rice dish in Indonesia. As the name tells, the rice is yellow in color and it is made with cooking rice with turmeric and coconut milk.

Nasi lemak
Nasi lemak

Dont be confused by the name; glutinous rice - in fact, glutinous rice does not contain gluten. It is also called as sticky rice or sweet rice. You can recognize this rice by its sticky, glue-like texture after cooked. However, the stickiness actually comes from its starch content. The starch itself has two components, amylopectin and amylose. The starch in short-grain rice is almost all amylopectin (this is why the texture is moist and stickier) whereas long and medium-grain glutinous rices have a higher proportion of amylose.

Sushi comes from the Japanese words which means "sour rice" eventhough many people think of it as raw fish. In fact, the word "sashimi" refers to a piece of raw fish. The rice used in making sushi is described as "sushi" which has vinegar in it.

Sushi
Sushi

Zongzi, or also known as bakcang in Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Taiwan and Indonesia, is a very popular rice dish made from glutinous rice stuffed with various fillings and wrapped in bamboo leaves. They are cooked by boiling and steaming. This food is widely eaten during the Dragon Boat Festival (Duanwu Festival).

He fen or shahe fen is a type of wide noodle made from rice. This rice-made noodle originated from China and now very popular throughout Asia. In Singapore, Indonesia and Malaysia, it is called as "kwetiau" and it is often stir fried with vegetables and meats.

He fen or shahe fen (kwetiau)
He fen or shahe fen (kwetiau)

Rice vermicelli (or sometimes called as rice sticks or rice noodles) are a thin form of rice noodle, whereas glass noodle (or also known as cellophane noodles or fensi) is a type of transparent noodle made from starch (such as potato starch, sweet potato starch, mung bean starch, tapioca, or canna starch) and water.

Difference between sohun and bihun
Difference between sohun and bihun

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      Margaret Say 

      20 months ago

      yuck!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://corp.maven.io/privacy-policy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)