Suitable Meats for Making Soup Stock
How to make stock
Good stock is the basis of all good soups, stews and many home-cooked dishes. Making stock is easy and something we should all do to use up left over bones and peelings.
Nowadays the shops are full of the most delicious stock in dried or liquid form, to add to your cooking experience, but I thought I’d share with you today the notes handed down by my grandmother on how to make stock.
Very few people in the Western World make their own stock nowadays, partly due to time constraints, and partly due to the high cost of electricity/gas. In the old days, all the homes had a ‘range’ which burned either wood or coal to heat the household’s water and also to supply heating, so to shove a big pan of water filled with the remains of whatever meat or vegetables the household used onto the hob was at no extra expense.
However, the flavour of home-made stock is amazing.
Soup stocks can be made with meat, or without. If you are making it without meat, use instead the water in which vegetables have been cooked. Pour this into a stock pot rather than throw it away. It can be frozen for later use once it has cooled.
Let, the stock pot, not the brock pail, be the receptacle for the coarser, more nourishing leaves of green vegetables.
General points about making stock
When making meat , poultry or fish stock, always break it up into small pieces, bones and all, before placing in cold water, bringing to boil, and simmer with lid on for at least 3 hours, or in a pressure cooker for 1 hour.
For clear soup, skim well just before boiling point is reached; a little salt or cold water can be added to help the scum to rise.
Vegetables should not be added to stock unless it is for immediate use, as they tend to go sour and spoil it.
The water in which ham or salt beef has been boiled makes an excellent lentil or pea soup, but it should be allowed to cool before use in order to remove the fat.
Any pieces of cooked or uncooked meat or bones should be placed in a pan of water. Allow 1 quart of water for each pound of meat/bones. A quart is roughly 2 pints.
Add vegetable trimmings,
Simmer for 2 to 3 hours
FOUNDATION FOR ANY BROWN SOUP
Into 3 quarts of cold water put a knap bone, broken up,
3 good-sized onions, skins left on,
3 or 4 large carrots, scraped, well washed and cut up into several pieces,
A few bits of Swede turnip,
2 or 3 parsnips, cut up and skin left on
Some kitchen salt,
A dozen black peppercorns
A dozen cloves.
Put all on to boil for 4 or 5 hours, and then strain through a colander. Allow to get quite cold before using, so that the grease may all come to the top where it can be skimmed as required.
Here is a selection of home made soups for winter warmers.
Conversion charts at foot of page.
SCOTCH BROTH recipe
1 quart water
½ lb runner beef (or neck of mutton)
Pepper and salt
½ pint mixed vegetables – turnip, carrot and leek, diced
2 tablespoons grated carrot
1 large teaspoon chopped parsley
Wipe the meat and place in saucepan with measured water, add barley well washed, and salt. Bring to the boil, skim, add diced vegetables, and pepper. Simmer for 2 hours. Half an hour before serving, add grated carrot. Before serving, remove the meat and add chopped parsley. Boil up and serve.
SHEEP'S HEAD BROTH recipe
A sheep’s head
¼ lb pearl barley
2oz each carrot, turnip and onion
A bunch of herbs
Pepper and salt
A little ketchup (if liked)
3 to 4 quarts of cold water
To prepare head: Have sheep’s head divided by the butcher; remove the brain and soak it in cold water and vinegar to whiten it. Soak the head in tepid water and salt for half an hour. Scrape small bones from nostrils, cleanse the head thoroughly, and blanch, then rinse.
To make the soup, put cleansed head into a large pan and cover it with water. Add washed barley, bring to boil and skim well. Add diced vegetables, season with salt and pepper and simmer for 3 to 4 hours. When meat is tender, lift out the head and chop up the tongue and pieces of meat. Add these to the soup, or save to make into a separate dish.(see Brain Cakes)
Just before serving, add grated carrot and chopped parsley to the soup as in Scotch Broth.
How to make BRAIN CAKES
Wash and blanch the brains of a sheep and boil them in milk till tender. Skin the sheep’s tongue, chop it up, also the brains and add a cupful of breadcrumbs, seasoning and some chopped parsely. Moisten with beaten egg and make into flat cakes. Dredge with flour, dip in beaten egg then breadcrumbs, and fry until golden brown in hot fat.
COCK-A-LEEKIE SOUP recipe
1 boiling fowl
6 leeks, cut up into inch long pieces
2 ozs rice
2 tablespoons grated carrot
1 tablespoon parsley, finely chopped
Simmer the fowl in 3 quarts of water for about 1 ½ hours. Add salt and skim well. Add, leeks, carrot and rice, and simmer for another ½ hour. Season to taste, and add parsley prior to serving.
LENTIL SOUP recipe
1 quart of ham stock
4 ozs of lentils
1 medium sized carrot
Piece of turnip about a quarter of the size of the carrot
1 medium onion
1/2oz dripping or bacon rinds
Pepper and salt
About 1 gill of milk
Melt the dripping in saucepan (or lightly fry the bacon rinds). Toss the washed lentils and vegetables,(which have been prepared and sliced) in the fat until it has been absorbed. Add the stock, pepper and salt. Bring to boil, simmer for about an hour or until all the vegetables are very soft, stirring frequently. When cooked, sieve the soup, add the milk and reheat before serving. Soaked beans or split peas may be substituted for lentils with vegetables purees.If you find your soup too salty, simply add a chopped, diced potato and give it another 15 mins or so to cook.
Diced fried bread should be served alongside.
Conversion chart: 1 quart =2 pints = 4 cups
1 gill = ¼ pint, 5 fluid oz, or 0.142L
‘Turnip’ refers to Scottish turnip, which in England is a Swede, and in the US I believe it is called a rutabaga.
British pints are different to US pints. But the cups I mention here are US, and I think Litres are universal.