Nyctophobia (scotophobia, lygophobia or achluophobia), is an intense fear of the dark & night time. This extreme fear of the dark causes many to avoid night time activities or dark locations completely. Nyctophobia can cause a severe interruption in the individual’s everyday life. The fear experienced in Nyctophobia is not related to being frightened of finding something paranormal in the dark or anything else unusual or dangerous. It is a fear of the dark specifically & not anything associated with it and the person can't give a reason they are afraid. Like other phobias the panic response can be caused by the anticipation of a upcoming situation or even just thinking about being in the dark. Nyctophobia has the classic symptoms of other phobias whereby the person avoids what they fear. This may include leaving a light on wherever they are even when sleeping & refusing to go outside at night even if bright lights are on. Some go as far as to have a backup generator just in case they lose electricity. The fear of having to confront their phobia creates intense anxiety that seems intolerable. When they avoid what they fear, in this case being in the dark, the anxiety lessens & is eliminated. This decrease in anxiety reinforces the avoidance behavior through the significant relief experienced by the person which maintains the fear. This occurs because the individual fails to come into contact with their feared situation long enough to break the link between the feared stimulus, darkness and nighttime, & the anxiety. The individual knows their fear is irrational & yet despite this knowledge the phobia and avoidance response persists regardless. Nyctophobia is the most commonly occurring phobia in people, especially children. Research suggest around 90% of children have a fear of the dark. Studies have estimated actual Nyctophobia to be present in about 30% of children though it is uncommon for it to persist into adulthood. However, if the condition is severe & left untreated, depending on the causal factors, the phobia can continue into adulthood. For example, It is common for children who develop a fear of the dark due to trauma to continue to experience it in adulthood. Nyctophobia has been estimated to occur in about 5% of adults but this is believed to be a significant underestimate. The failure to report the phobia may result from embarrassment, believing it to be insomnia or misdiagnosis.
by Iulian M 12 years ago
There is Fear,anxiety or phobia our biggest enemy ??
by VendettaVixen 11 years ago
A child is baptised, receives first communion, and is confirmed before they even fully understand what religion is, and what consequences it will have on their life.Would it be better to wait until a person is... say sixteen or eighteen years old, then asking them which religion they'd like to be...
by Dubuquedogtrainer 11 years ago
Now there is Islamophobia, so wondering especially in light of all the hatred for Christians and ridicule of Christians, including here on HubPages, if there should be a new "phobic" called Christianphobic? Of course, then the "hate speech" rule would have to apply to this...
by Suzie 9 years ago
Do you have a serious phobia or 2 and simply accept that it is what it is and live with it..OR...have you considered therapy to try to get through it and no longer have to deal with it?
by Daffy Duck 12 years ago
I have a bit of a phobia. Aquaphobia. It stems from a childhood incident. I am 39 and am unable to swim because of this. This phobia affects roughly 45% of the population.What is your fear/phobia?
by Grace Marguerite Williams 8 years ago
What is the ONE underlying reason that people fear old people?
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