ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Health»
  • Mental Health»
  • Personality Disorders

Antisocial Personalities - Are they the same as Psychopaths?

Updated on April 17, 2013
Source

Facts about ASPD - Anti-social Personality Disorder


Anti-Social Personality Disorder has been linked to Oppositional Defiant Disorder in childhood which has developed into Conduct Disorder in adolescence. In fact in order for a diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder to be made there must have been symptoms of Conduct Disorder presenting under the age of 15 years. There must have also been at least 3 occurrences of behaviours such as committing arrestable offences, reckless behaviour, aggression leading to fighting and inflicting injury, or irresponsible behaviour since the age of 18. If the sufferer has Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder and the behaviours do not happen outside a manic or schizoid episode, a diagnosis of Anti-Social Personality Disorder cannot be made.

If parents suffer with the disorder it increases the likelihood that at least one of the children will develop ODD which could then progress to Anti-Social Personality Disorder. It is markedly worse in early adulthood but almost always improves in middle age.

More males than females have the disorder and up to 30% of patients in the psychiatric sector are sufferers.

Adults with this disorder exhibit traits of irresponsible, remorseless behaviour. They tend to antagonise people deliberately and have no moral compunction when it comes to deceiving, lying and cheating.

Source
Source

What other behaviours do people with this disorder exhibit?


  • Relationship problems
  • Unemployment
  • Depression
  • Poor parenting
  • Chronic Gambling
  • Anxiety which can lead to physical symptoms (Somatization Disorder)
  • Criminality with frequent prison sentences
  • Homelessness
  • Manipulative Behaviour
  • Suicidal tendencies
  • Inability to manage money or honour debts

Treatment of ASPD


Psychotherapy, including group and family therapy

Medication (normally only used for co-existing conditions such as mood swings, depression & anxiety)

Self-help support groups

Is Anti-Social Personality Disorder the same as Psychopathy?


There are similarities between Conduct Disorder, Anti-Social Personality Disorder and Psychopathy and people with ASPD are often described as Psychopaths or Sociopaths. However, Psychopathy is different from ASPD in that psychopaths tend to have complete lack of genuine empathic feelings and conscience and are more likely to have anomalies in frontal cortex and/or amygdala of the brain.

In the DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) there exists criteria for ASPD but no such list of criteria is present therein for Psychopathy. That said, there is a list of diagnostic criteria - the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), produced by Dr Robert D Hare which has remarkable similarities to the DSM-IV one for ASPD.

DSM-V is due to be published in May of this year (2013) and this will see the removal of having to have a conduct disorder before the age of 15 as a requirement for a diagnosis of Anti-Social Personality Disorder. The criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder will then be virtually identical to that of Psychopathy as proposed by Dr Hare. The criteria can be seen here on Wikipedia

© Susan Bailey 2013 All Rights Reserved

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Sue Bailey profile image
      Author

      Susan Bailey 5 years ago from South Yorkshire, UK

      Yes I think so too!

    • earner profile image

      Dedicated Content Curator 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Nice one, voted up. It's interesting to consider that anti-social oafs could be sorted out.... the world'd be a much better place if we knew why they're the way they are at least.

    • Sue Bailey profile image
      Author

      Susan Bailey 5 years ago from South Yorkshire, UK

      Thanks for your comment Lisa

    • nybride710 profile image

      Lisa Kroulik 5 years ago from Minnesota

      A lot of good, in-depth information here that I didn't know. Thanks.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)