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Bullying, Its Causes, and How to Deal With It

Updated on November 27, 2016
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Bullying is essentially a power trip; a “stronger” person intimidating and harassing a “weaker” one. It takes place wherever there are groups of people, whether real time or virtual. In this article, I will describe the various types of bullying, and how to deal with it. I will also discuss common misconceptions.

TYPES OF BULLYING

1) Emotional. This involves snubbing, excluding, and “icing out” the victim. False rumors are often spread behind the victim’s back, and they have no idea why they’re being ostracized.

2) Verbal. This is taunts and insults hurled at the victim. In some instances, bullies will loudly say cruel things to others about the victim within his or her earshot.

3) Physical. This is manifested by the bully picking fights with the victim. Oftentimes, several bullies will gang up on one person.

4) Cyberspace. This relatively new phenomenon involves the bully posting slanderous comments on the victim’s social media page, or making a derogatory list putting the victims’ names on it and passing it around.

HOW TO DEAL WITH BULLYING

The way to deal with bullies depends on who they are, how many there are, what type of bullying they are doing, and the place it occurs. Here are some general guidelines.

1) Emotional: if you happen to live, work, or go to school where you just plain “don’t fit in”, it’s best to find an outside social club that pursues your interests. Contorting yourself to fit in with them only makes things worse.
Example: I once worked in a place filled with women who were mainly interested in nabbing themselves a rich man, and they thought I was odd because I didn’t share their interest. I simply limited my socializing there, and met friends going on hikes with the Sierra Club.

2) Verbal: stand up for yourself. A good thing to do is to point out they must not feel too good about themselves if they have to attack you this way. Avoid trying to one-up them, since that only fuels the attack.
Example: as a substitute teacher, I had a co-worker who made fun of my attempt to save my Christian high school alma mater, then made snide remarks about my problems controlling the classroom. I finally responded by saying we all pay for our sins one way or another, then went on to tell a story about a classmate of mine who had put down our school big time, then become a highly paid doctor – only for his wife to divorce him and slap him with a big fat alimony and child support lawsuit, because he did things to her our high school had warned us not to do. To this day, my co-worker won’t even look at me.

3) Physical: it is important to defend yourself if you are attacked. Take martial arts classes, if necessary. Many times, bullies won’t mess with someone who is known to be a good fighter.
Example: once I was walking home from the bus stop, and a man came up and pulled a knife on me. Obviously I couldn’t just deck him, but I knew walking alone late at night was risky so I was prepared; I sprayed him with mace, and he ran off.

4) Cyberspace Bullying: Most social media sites have the means to block undesirable people. Also, if someone makes an unflattering post on your wall, simply delete it. If it continues, or if a list is being passed around, report it to the authorities. Choose your passwords carefully so no one can easily guess them, and guard them jealously, so they can’t alter or delete your account.
Example: I haven’t yet been a victim of cyberspace bullying, but I use a code name on my site so people I don’t want on there can’t easily find and harass me.

Black Boy
Black Boy

Ultimately, the best way to end bullying is to fight back. This book tells a timelessly classic story of how the author's mother taught him to do so.

 

Who is the Typical Victim?

While anyone can be a victim, generally they are people who stand out in some way, such as being unusually short, tall, thin, fat, young, old, or member of a different race. Often they are soft-spoken with an unassuming nature. The best way to avoid becoming a victim is to carry yourself in a highly assured manner.

Also, know ahead of time how to respond if you do get attacked, since sometimes that can’t be avoided. Once I was on a 2 day temporary assignment as a file clerk in the personnel office at a law firm. I was also the only black. (This is definitely a recipe for bullying!) The women in the office kept saying they were going to “rescue” me from temp work and get me a full time position. They extended my stay to the following Monday, then to Tuesday. On Tuesday afternoon, my supervisor said, “Oh, well, that’s it! This is the end of your assignment!”

I responded with a shrug, “Sure, ok.”

“I mean – this is all; you’re not coming back tomorrow.”

“Yeah,” I said, picking up my purse.

“I mean – we don’t need you anymore.”

I told her, “Yeah, I know. I was hired for only 2 days. I’ve already been here twice that long. Anyway, it’s been a pleasure.” I held out my hand to shake hers, and she took it with a glare. Apparently she wanted me to get all upset about her not giving me a permanent job, plus ending my assignment in the middle of the week. However, while filing, I noticed they had a lot of terminations, so I knew I didn’t want to work there anyway. As for the assignment ending in the middle of the week, since I had gotten that one mid-week, there was no reason for me to believe I couldn’t get another. Even if I didn’t, I could always file for unemployment.

WHO IS THE TYPICAL BULLY?

Usually, bullies are people who have a strong need to dominate others, and have learned at an early age to achieve this through force. Many tend to be arrogant, feeling it’s their right to do so; others do so out of shame and resentment, bullying those they envy to hide what’s going wrong in their lives. Sometimes it’s caused by prejudice, such as someone attacking another person of the opposite gender, or a different race. A bully can also be provoked by someone who is of the same race, but doesn’t act the way they’re “supposed” to, such as having unusual interests, a different accent, or the way they dress. (This is a form of prejudice as well.)

In some instances, bullies are people who have not learned how to tease good-naturedly. In that case, it’s best to tell them what they say in jest is really being hurtful.

Misconceptions:

1) Only children bully. The truth is bullying happens at all ages, with all genders, all economic sectors and in all walks of life. Above, I’ve already given three examples of it happening to me as an adult in the workplace.

2) Bullying is a normal part of growing up. Actually, a hostile atmosphere in school prepares students for a life of crime on a small scale, and inciting wars on a larger scale. One of the main causes of teen suicide is being victimized by bullies. In its most extreme form, bullying results in genocide, so obviously it is neither normal nor acceptable.

3) Victims ask for it in some way. Anyone can be a victim. Many factors can render someone “weak”; shyness, new arrival in the setting, lack of physical strength, or being overwhelmed with personal problems. Even if the victim doesn’t have these issues, bullies often gang up on one person; that alone can render a person “weak”.

WHAT CAUSES BULLYING

The reason it exists more in some environments than others is because it is more tolerated. Authorities often ignore what’s going on, make excuses for the bullies, or even blame the victim. (This is what happened to me when I inadvertently joined the cult, and the members turned their backs when I was physically attacked by my landlord.) If bullying is reported to authorities, and nothing is done, it is best to remove yourself from that environment. In some cases, authorities have been sued for allowing this to go on; if you can file a lawsuit, definitely do so!

We do not have to live with bullying. By addressing and dealing with the issue, it can be overcome!

References:

http://www.kidpower.org/library/article/bullying-questions-answers/?gclid=CJXtlqfOurICFad7QgodozoAUQ

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullying

http://www.wikihow.com/Deal-With-Bullies

Five LDS Film Classics: Cipher in the Snow / The Gift / The Phone Call / The Emmett Smith Story / John Baker's Last Race
Five LDS Film Classics: Cipher in the Snow / The Gift / The Phone Call / The Emmett Smith Story / John Baker's Last Race

To those who believe bullying is merely a rite of passage for kids, this movie shows what it can lead to. It is important to recognize also that bullying is one of the major causes for teen suicide.

 

© 2012 Yoleen Lucas

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    • Say Yes To Life profile image
      Author

      Yoleen Lucas 4 years ago from Big Island of Hawaii

      Hi, thanks for your post. I'm REALLY sorry about your job experience! You're right; things like that cause people to go postal. Society always acts shocked when it happens at work or at school, but if they examine the cause, it's easy to see why it happens. It's also far more common than people think. Many cases don't make national news. The year I attended 7th grade in an Oakland public school, a girl was killed by a boy. The news didn't get much beyond town. Even though it was one of the better schools, it averaged about one killing a year.

      btw, is your name Max and are you from St. Louis, now living in Miami? Please respond in a private email. Just click on my picture, which will take you to my profile page. Then click on "fan mail", then "send an email". Looking forward to hearing from you!

    • profile image

      Flori-die from Missou-ry 4 years ago

      This article is short, but truthful and to the point. Thanks for not being namby-pamby about this subject.

      It is important to address in detail what happens to victims when they reach adulthood. I was bullied as a child. I read the book "Black Boy"; the author's mother was absolutely right, but I was threatened with Juvenile Hall if I fought back. As an adult, I continue to be bullied. I'm one of those types who can't hold a job. A couple years ago, I suffered a nervous breakdown because my co-workers falsely framed me for a drug bust. I greatly admire how you handled your job troubles, but how do you defend yourself against something like that?

      That problem was taken care of, but what's to stop it from happening again? Your article lists types of people who are typically bullied. I'm the one who is overwhelmed with personal problems. I try to carry myself in a self-assured manner, but people see through it.

      It's easy for me to see why people "go postal". It's also easy to see why people in their 50s currently have the highest suicide rate. I'm 55, and want to retire as SOON as possible! However, with my job track record, I haven't be able to save much...

      I don't know if you have any answers. I just thought I'd post this.