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Diabetes Type 1 & Type 2 Medicines & Treatment

Updated on December 5, 2013

Diabetes probably is the most common disease in this world. It is such a disease which cannot be avoided, because it can even lead to death at its final stage. Many recent studies have detected that if diabetes is detected at an early stage, then its treatment can be easily done, which shall reduce its complications.

In medical terms, there are two different types of diabetes, generally known as Type 1 Diabetes & Type 2 Diabetes. Both have different symptoms. 1st part of this thread will deal with Type 1 diabetes symptoms.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms-

Facing Unusual Weight Loss
Facing Unusual Weight Loss | Source

Unusual weight loss

This is one of the most common & early symptom. Loosing weight can start at early stage & shall continue till later stages. You may lose weight quite quickly, although it maybe not very much visible at earlier stage.

Frequent urination

Another common symptom of Diabetes. A diabetes patient faces the trouble of urination in every 15 minutes or less. That’s why it’s recommended for the patient’s that they should always have their medicines at time because then urination problem may become worse at times. This is one of the worst problem one shall face while going out.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome | Source

Unusual Thirst

Diabetes patient often feels very thirsty. It is directly linked with Frequent urination. These 2 are called classic symptoms. Every doctor recommends to a diabetes patient to always keep a bottle filled with water with them. Although it’s a common symptom but not a very noticeable one. The main cause behind this symptom is that the kidneys don't work properly which causes Frequent urination & thus, unusual thirst.

Extreme Hunger

Due to unusual weight loss, diabetes patients face this problem as well. They often want to eat a lot, then their normal diet. But, they should never have things, which contain sugar & cholesterol. Both of these increases diabetes & also leads to blood pressure problems.The cells become starved for glucose and hunger increases. You may feel extreme hunger even after eating.

Fatigue & Irritability/Itching

Fatigue is a another common symptom of many other diseases as well. That’s why it’s not very to detect diabetes from it. Irritability here means, itching problems which occur at a later stage. Itching in the genital area is common with high blood sugar levels. The lower part of the legs is another common area for itching and can be a sign of early diabetes.

If you, or any of your relative has these common symptoms & he is not aware about his sugar level. He/ She should immediately visit a doctor.

How I Discovered I Had Type 1 Diabetes!

Facing Some Skin Changes
Facing Some Skin Changes | Source

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms & Causes-

Signs & Symptoms
Sexual Dysfunction
The problems associated with typ2 diabetes cuase decrease in sex satisfaction in both men & women. These include erectile dysfunction in men, and difficulty, discomfort, or pain during sex. These symptoms can even be caused by high blood sugar levels that damage your nervous and circulatory systems which are important for normal sexual function. Other conditions like having yeast infections and dehydration, can make sex uncomfortable.
Although there are many causes related to diabetes which can lead to fatigue but one of the major cause is Dehydration. The inability to use sugar properly and efficiently for energy needs can also cause fatigue.
Skin Complications or Changes
Although there are various skin changes which are associated to diabetes but having bacterial & fungal infection is most common among the patients of diabetes.. They also have more problems with itching. These conditions causes velvety dark skin in bodily creases such as the neck, groin, and armpits. Let your doctor know if you develop other skin changes such as spots, scaly patches, blisters, bumps, rashes, and thinning or thickening of the skin.
Increased Hunger
Increased hunger is one of the early symptom of this type of diabetes. Insulin helps your body to get energy but When you have type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to Insulin. . The cells become starved for glucose and hunger increases. You ,ay start feeling very hungry even after having timely meals.
Increased Weight Loss
If you have been hungry and eating yet have lost weight without trying you should alert your doctor. However, People with type 2 diabetes typically do not lose as much weight as those with type 1 diabetes. Alternatively, let your doctor know if you have had recent weight gain.
Itching is another earlier sign/symptom of diabetes. Although itching is very common & can be because of others reasons too. So consult your doctor in this regard. The most common part in your body for such problem is the lower part of body. It is the first place where this problem starts.

Diabetes Symptoms & Treatments : How to Reverse Type 2 Diabetes

Healthy Brown Rice for Patients
Healthy Brown Rice for Patients | Source

Diabetes Food Diet Tips-

Instead of....
Try these high-fiber options...
White rice
Brown rice or wild rice
White potatoes (including fries and mashed potatoes)
Sweet potatoes, yams, winter squash, cauliflower mash
Regular pasta
Whole-wheat pasta
White bread
Whole-wheat or whole-grain bread
Sugary breakfast cereal
High-fiber breakfast cereal (Raisin Bran, etc.)
Instant oatmeal
Steel-cut oats or rolled oats
Croissant or pastry
Bran muffin
Start Avoiding Soft Drinks
Start Avoiding Soft Drinks | Source

More Food Diet Tips-

Diabetes Diet Tips
Try to Keep calorie intake the same
Regulating the amount of calories you eat on a day-to-day basis has a big impact on the regularity of your blood sugar levels. You should always try to eat roughly the same amount of calories every day, instead of eating a lot at one g, and then skimping on the next.
Don't skip your breakfast
Start each day with a good and healthy breakfast. Eating breakfast every day will ensure that you have enough energy as well as steady blood sugar levels throughout the day.
Regularly Eat Small Meals
Many People often start eating larger portions when they are overly hungry, so eating regularly will help you keep your portions in check.
Reduce the amount of sugar in recipes
If any recipe requires 1 cup sugar, for example, use lesser amount of cup instead. Like 2/3 cup. You can also boost sweetness with cinnamon, nutmeg, or vanilla extract instead of using the original sugar.
Reduce No. of soft drinks, soda and juice you drink
A recent study in New York found out that a can of Coke you intake daily increases your risk for diabetes increases by about 15 percent. Also try to Reduce the amount of creamers and sweeteners you add to tea and coffee drinks.

Sample Diabetes Meal Plan | Diabetic Diet | Info on Diabetes

Medicines for Diabetes-

Medicine Name
Acetohexamide is a first-generation sulfonylurea agent, prescribed for type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetes....
Alogliptin is an anti-diabetic drug, prescribed for type 2 diabetes mellitus..
Alogliptin and Metformin contains dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor and a biguanide, prescribed for type 2 diabetes mellitus along with diet and exercise....
Alogliptin and Pioglitazone contains thiazolidinedione antidiabetic and DPP-4 inhibitor antidiabetic, prescribed for type 2 diabetes mellitus. ...
Canagliflozin is an antidiabetic (sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor), prescribed for type 2 diabetes mellitus along with diet and exercise....
Chlorpropamide is a sulfonylurea antidiabetic drug, prescribed for type 2 diabetes. This medication helps to keep blood sugar levels under control. ...
Colesevelam Hcl
Colesevelam Hcl is a bile acid sequestrant, prescribed for familial hypercholesterolemia and type 2 diabetes with other medications....
Exenatide is a incretin mimetic, prescribed for type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise, either alone or with other medications. ...
Insulin Aspart
Insulin Aspart is a fast-acting form of the hormone insulin, prescribed for diabetes mellitus. It is used with other medium- or long-acting insulin products injected just below the skin to contro...

That's it. Hope you enjoyed reading this hub. Thanks a lot for the time you have invested in reading my hub. Do leave your feedback below along with your valuable comment. Cheers!!!!

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    • gags3480 profile image

      GAGANPREET SINGH BHATIA 5 years ago from Kanpur, India

      You're welcome & thx for the feedback.

    • Joan King profile image

      Joan King 5 years ago

      Thanks for the useful information

    • gags3480 profile image

      GAGANPREET SINGH BHATIA 5 years ago from Kanpur, India

      Thanks for the feedback etower. Hope you get well soon.

    • etower036 profile image

      etower036 5 years ago from Helana

      I am diabetic type 2, and most of those symptoms covers what happened to me. I was just very lucky that the pastor's wife is diabetic, and she noticed that there was something wrong with me at a church lunch. I was drinking water by the gallons I swear, going to the bathroom alot, and she noticed too that I was sweating. She got me to the E.R. and the doctor took tests and came back a couple hours later and told me that I was diabetic. It really didn't surprise me that much because my mother was also diabetic, along with my father, grandparents and so on down the line. I am now 16 years survivor living with it, and doing all that I can to treat it. Great information, and love this hub. Keep up the great work.