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Conception And Fertility Drugs

Updated on July 19, 2012

Infertility is frustrating for those who have tried for years to conceive, only to find that they have to resort to using fertility medications to treat there ovulation disorders. Some of the medications are taken orally, while others are injected. The medications used work by causing hormones to release that will allow a woman to ovulate or it will regulate there ovulation.

There are many different reproductive techniques IVF (in vitro fertilization) is a great example; however fertility drugs are still part of the procedure when it comes to conception. There are many medications to choose from when treating infertility, ask your doctor about any side effects before using fertility drugs. here are the basics on the most commonly used fertility drugs, some you may have knowledge of others less likely but all serve a purpose when trying to conceive.

Clomid or Serophene ( clomiphene nitrate)

When discussing fertility drugs the first drug of choice is Clomid or the medical terminology is (Clomiphene) which is given to women who are not ovulating normally. Clomid and Serophene are brand names of Clomiphene which are anti-estrogen drugs. When taken properly they cause the hypothalamus and pituitary gland to release hormones that will stimulate the ovaries to produce the eggs. GNRH (Gonadotropin-releasing hormone) is released from the hypothalamus and FSH (Follicle-Stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone) are released from the pituitary gland. Clomid and Serophene are often used with the combination of artificial insemination and reproductive techniques.

The numbers are staggering as it has been documented based on case studies that 60% to 80% of all women who take clomiphene (Clomid or Serophene) will ovulate, and approximately one half of all women will conceive as a result of taking (Clomid or Serophene). Most first time pregnancies occur within the first three cycles.

There are some side effects to taking Clomid or Serophene however they are generally mild. They include bloating, hot flashes, headache, blurred vision and nausea. Clomid or Serophene can also cause changes in the cervical mucus, which may make it a little more complicated to tell when you are fertile and may inhibit the sperm from entering the uterus. Clomid can increase of having multiple births, it is however less likely to cause the problem like some of the inject-able hormones.

If Clomid or Serophene is not successful at your chances of becoming pregnant your doctor may certainly recommend that you recieve inject-able hormones to have a greater chance at conceiving and the injections will also stimulate the ovulation.

Hunan Chorionic Gonadotropin(HCG) common names Pregnyl, Novarel,Ovidrel, and Profasi. One of these commonly named injections are normally used along with other fertility medications to enable the ovaries to release the mature egg or eggs.

Any of these can be used to stimulate ovulation and is a way of treating a number of infertility problems.

As with your oral medications Clomid or Serophene, inject-able hormones have a high success rate in the stimulation of women to ovulate, it has also been documented that of the women who have used the injections over 50% of those are able to conceive.

Most of the side effects are mild just like when you are taking Clomid or Serophene however they are different. The side effects can include swelling, bruising, blood blisters, infection and can also cause tenderness. Their is also a risk of ovarian stimulation, a condition when the ovaries become enlarged and tender. Ovulation stimulating drugs also increase the chance of multiple pregnancy which can be risky for both mother and child/children.

Should you have any of these side effects once you begin taking the prescribed medication contact your physician immediately, even though we try to conceive side effects should never be taken lightly. Before you decide to take any type of fertility medication talk to your doctor so that he can determine which medication is best for you. Most of all have a happy healthy pregnancy.


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    • AEvans profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      ubanichijioke: I always try to inform those who are faced with predicaments and fertility. Getting some sound advice can be good for those who are trying to conceive. :)

      bette marcus: I can do that and will create an article for it. :)

    • profile image

      bette marcus 

      7 years ago

      You have spoken concerning women, it is really good, but i will like you to talk about low sperm count for men, and staphylococcus,and how it affects sperm production.

    • ubanichijioke profile image

      Alexander Thandi Ubani 

      7 years ago from Lagos

      Surely you ve informed, equipped and set me on the right track to helping others. I am informed now about this issue and can be helpful to people faced with this predicament. Bless you. Voted useful and interesting

    • AEvans profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      Merriweather: I believe many women have always been intrigued by it I was even after we adopted our son. They are so many ways to conceive it is absolutely amazing. :)

    • Merriweather profile image


      9 years ago

      Very interesting. I've never had trouble with fertility, but am still interested in all aspects of conception/birth/delivery/babies and children. I can only imagine how difficult it would be to face these challenges, and I'm reminded of just how lucky I am.

    • AEvans profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      MM: It is sad and fertile couples should be grateful, as there are so many who have to go through the process and it can be lengthy and costly. :)

    • Mighty Mom profile image

      Susan Reid 

      9 years ago from Where Left is Right, CA

      Hi AEvans, Great info. Infertility is more common that most people realize, as couples marry later and put off pregnancy into their 30s and even 40s. Those who are fertile should count their blessings. The whole infertility process is difficult. Glad to read positive outcomes! Great hub!

    • profile image

      Adrianna's Pages 

      9 years ago

      Just got thru reading. Very interesting. This is an area of nursing I know nothing about. good job.

    • AEvans profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      lesley: You must be one of my biggest fans as you read every new published article, and I am always happy to see you here. :)

    • thelesleyshow profile image


      9 years ago from US

      Good information, I expected nothing less from you though. Thumbs up!

    • AEvans profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      k@ri : That is a great question and I will be happy to try and research it. I thought the fact was wonderful to, as so many want children and have a hard time conceiving. :(

      Cobraski: That is a kind comment and now you have learned something new, you are so welcome I thought it would be of interest so I wrote about it. I believe everyone should understand medications and what the usage, side effects etc. are. :)

    • cobraski profile image


      9 years ago from Maryland

      I've heard about it, but never really read about it. But because you wrote it, I had to read it. It's very informative and I am more knowledgable about the subject now. Thanks for this hub. As always, sweet!

    • k@ri profile image

      Kari Poulsen 

      9 years ago from Ohio

      Very good information. Many people have heard of IVF, but I wonder how many know that there are medications available to try before going that route?

      "approximately one half of all women will conceive as a result of taking (Clomid or Serophene)" This is a wonderful fact.

    • AEvans profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      jerryjackson: You are so welcome, you are correct knowledge is power.

      Vladimir: You are welcome. :)

    • Vladimir Uhri profile image

      Vladimir Uhri 

      9 years ago from HubPages, FB

      Thanks for good information.

    • jerryjackson profile image


      9 years ago

      Thanks for this knowledge because there are millions of people out there that lacks this knowledge out there. i think that this will go a long way in giving hope to the hopeless since knowledge is POWER.

      Long time my ROLE MODEL, hope to comment on more of your great hubs.

    • AEvans profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      RooBee: I feel for them to, thank goodness for medicine and I am glad that you appreciated the information. :)

    • RooBee profile image

      Arby Bourne 

      9 years ago from USA

      Hi AE~ I truly feel for people who have trouble conceiving. I never really 'got' it until I became a mom myself and realized how wonderful it is!

      Thanks for another super-informative, but not at all boring hub!!

    • AEvans profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      Janetta, The joys of motherhood will be wonderful it is just exhausting, I certainly wish her all of the best. :)

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Interesting hub, my best friend is going through this now :(


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