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Diabetes Dental Problems

Updated on December 29, 2014

Diabetes Dental Problems

Diabetes does not only mean an uncontrolled blood sugar level. It also brings with it various other complications because diabetics are more vulnerable to infections. People who do not control their type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of contracting these complications. A very common problem faced by diabetes patients is that of periodontal diseases, in which their gums and bones holding the gums get infected. Such patients also complain about dry and burning mouth or tongue. The risk of periodontal diseases and thrush increases further if the diabetic also smokes.

Common Diabetes Dental Problems

Consulting a doctor is necessary if you feel anything out of the ordinary. There are different signs of mouth problems. Bad breath is one of them. Moreover, if you feel that the taste in your mouth has changed, then this could also be the beginning of a serious periodontal problem. Visit a doctor immediately if your gums start pulling off your teeth, become red and swollen or start bleeding or you get a sore tooth.

However, with proper care and preventions, most of these problems can be avoided. The first thing to keep in check is your blood sugar. If your diabetes is under control, you will save yourself from a lot of headache! Adopting hygienic habits is also imperative for diabetics. Brushing teeth after every meal or snack and using a soft toothbrush can prevent mouth problems. To stop plaque build up in the mouth, it would be best to floss at least once a day. Consult a dentist about the proper method of brushing and flossing. If you wear false teeth, then keeping them as clean as your mouth and natural teeth is also important. In addition, also develop the habit of using mouthwashes as they can destroy bacteria and toxins. However, do not use them without first consulting your dentist.

Besides all these, you need to visit a dentist at least twice a year so that he can clean your teeth and check your gums. Follow the directions given by him. If you are smoking, then it would be advisable to quit. You can ask a doctor for help in doing this. Also, you should consult your diabetes specialist on how to manage your blood sugar level during visits to a dentist. This is because during dental treatment you might need to take some food or medicines. He will advise you about the kinds of foods and drinks you can take after a dental treatment and change your diabetes medication if the situation requires it.

Another problem that diabetics can encounter is cavities. These are formed when there is too much sugar content in saliva. However, most diabetics follow a very strict diet which does not include the sugar content required to create cavities. Hence, as long as their glucose level remains under control, they will not have to worry about cavities. Diabetics also need to take extra care of their teeth if they don’t want them falling out before time because this is a worrying possibility if their diabetes is not under limits.

Giving so much attention to the health of your mouth and teeth is not easy and will take time to get used to it but once you do, you will feel definitely better knowing that you are safe from periodontal complications.

Oral Health and Diabetes

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