- First Aid
Hands Only CPR
The Hands Only CPR
Everyone knows that Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation has been around for quite a time. The procedure have saved many lives and has been in the forefront of many first aid and lifesaving procedures.
It has become a mandatory requirement for healthcare professionals to undergo CPR training. All professional rescuers undergo CPR training and from time to time update themselves on the latest guidelines.
However, it is common knowledge that bystanders are reluctant to provide Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation considering that this involves providing mouth to mouth resuscitation. Often bystanders have this fear of acquiring diseases when providing such procedure.
Considering this situation, HANDS ONLY CPR was introduced......This is a good alternative to the standard Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation where a provider performs blowing (ventilation) and chest compression. In this case, the provider will only need to provide compression. Another term for this is Compression Only CPR.
How To Perform Hands Only CPR
Hands only CPR is performed just like any CPR. The only difference is the absence of mouth to mouth. The provider will just have to provide the chest compression. The same rate applies which is basically 100 compressions per minute. This would be around 1.5 compression in 1 second. An ideal guide would be the beat of the song Staying Alive compose by the Bee Gees. The same depth in compression is likewise given which is around 2 inches in depth. As I have said earlier, the only difference is the absence of providing rescue breaths to the victim.
Perhaps you may not be aware of CPR, a more detailed description on how to perform the standard CPR. For more information on the whole procedure, Click HERE.
The provider will just have to provide the compression until help arrives or the EMS arrives.
Who Can Perform Hands Only CPR
Definitely this technique is not recommended for Healthcare Professionals considering that they should be providing the standard CPR procedure. The following can perform the hands only CPR.
- Those who are not trained in CPR
- Those who are trained but are not sure of the whole CPR procedure
- Any layperson who has witnessed an adult collapsed and goes into cardiac arrest
Please be advised that laypersons who are trained in CPR have the option to provide the standard CPR procedure or provide hands only CPR
When Not To Provide Hands Only CPR
There are certain conditions or siuations that Hands Only CPR is not advised to be performed. These are the following:
- the victim is a child or infant
- Unwitnessed possible cardiac arrest
- arrest which are of non cardiac in origin
Many people are still not aware of this procedure. However, there is no problem if such procedure is applied considering that this has been accepted already. More information will be provided and several steps are being done for international instructors to include this procedure during discussions.
Be aware however that Hands Only CPR may not be very effective if the cause of the arrest is drowning, choking or any situation that is cause by respiratory arrest. Best would be is to provide the standard CPR.