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How to Manage Your Anger Effectively

Updated on April 20, 2012

Do you suffer from frequent bouts of uncontrolled anger? Get red in the face every time someone overtakes you on the road? Fist your hands into tight balls when your spouse or child challenges you? Feel insulted when criticized? Lash out at waiters if your order gets mixed up? honk your horn repeatedly in a traffic jam? Hate the "attitude" of the kid next door?

If you do suffer from an inability to deal with your anger, you have left a big part of yourself unchecked, uncontrolled and potentially dangerous

Recognizing and Accepting Anger

It's important to recognize anger as a legitimate emotion. Anger is programmed in, just like hunger and thirst and lust and love. It's a strong feeling and feelings are facts. Feeling angry isn't wrong or dangerous. It isn't improper to have angry feelings in a hurtful or insulting situation. Many events in a human's life are such that a person is left feeling singled out, challenged, belittled or victimized. Intense encounters breed intense reactions. And anger is the most intense of them all!

Anger is most commonly a response to pain: Emotional pain. Although physical stresses may also contribute, its again the emotional reaction to the physical that triggers an anger-reaction. The more someone feels wronged; be it by a partner, a child, co-workers, a boss, a relative, other people, nature or even God; the more he/she feels "frustrated", which is a more complex form of anger.

Expressions of Anger

Expressions of anger vary from person to person, depending on their temperaments, environmental influences, hormonal status, age, experience, conditioning, and a bit on genetics too. Dividing forms of expression into "normal" and "abnormal" is difficult, as the norm of one family or culture may be the exception of another. It's far more practical to term expressions of anger as "destructive" and "non-destructive". Destructive anger may be directed against another or self. Making it dangerous and dysfunctional. This is the anger that needs to be managed and converted into a non-destructive expression, or resolution.

Different Methods of Anger Management

The age old adage "what begins in anger ends in shame" holds true. And humanity has always countered the instinct to fight with devising skills to tame the emotion.

For as long as I remember, I have heard about people "venting" their anger. Screaming their lungs out, bashing a pillow, writing angry letters, using visualization as a tool etc etc etc. What i later discovered, and have ample evidence of, is the phenomenon of "anger recycling". Venting unresolved anger in relatively innocuous ways leads to production of more anger. Anger recycles itself and solidifies. Although these techniques provide immediate relief, it's usually short-lived. The "thought" which is the foundation and trigger of anger remains unmodified and resurfaces again, in a more vicious form.

Another practice which is common is "suppression". Suppressed anger is stored negative energy. What happens when the container can't contain any more of that energy? It either over-flows or bursts! Over-flow leads to a short temper and displacement of anger. And the "burst" translates into violence or disease.

Effective Anger Management

Effectiveness of any method requires some skill. And skills are honed with practice. Practice takes patience and some readiness for initial setbacks. Anger management requires you to "take the bull by the horns", so to speak. Anger's "horns" are in the psycho-emotional make-up of the mind: the triggers. I call them the red-switches.

  • Find your red-switches

The most important part of an effective anger management program entails finding out the typical situations that make you angry. Pick up a notebook and make a list. Include in that list real life situations instead of one descriptive word. For example, don't write "jealous wife", instead define the situation. Make this an exhaustive and dynamic list, adding new situations as they arise during the course of your plan. Give a score to each item on the list from 1 to 5. 5 being the most enraging situation.

  • Catch the associated thoughts

Now write down the angry thoughts you have about the situation. Be candid and don't censor the content. Write all that usually comes into your mind when confronted with an instigating event. (when your red-switch is hit).

  • Make the "red-switch" green!

Once you have recognized and organized the situations and thoughts associated with anger, you have taken a giant leap in discovering yourself. Congratulations! Now take the items which scored the least on your list, and circle or high-light them in green color. Decide that from this day on, these situations won't have any power over you and your emotions. Check the associated thoughts and modify them as well. Convert all angry thoughts into neutral thoughts. for example: "why the hell do I have to put up with his/her lies!" can be modified to a neutral: "I can hear him/her out, even if he/she is lying to me." Once you have gained control over your reactions to these "annoyances", work your way up to the most testing ones. remember that it will take time, practice and patience to develop the skill. There will most certainly be instances when you will forget all about the management of anger, and lash out!

The second thing you want to do is to formulate strategies to channel and/or ice the anger, and responses to provocation.

  • Strategies to manage anger

What do you do when angry? To avoid violence or suppression of a hot emotion by avoiding it, you must formulate strategies to face it. A tried and tested strategy is to sit down and have a glass of water. It works. Make it your habit to drink water when angry; It distracts your senses as well as have the added physical benefit of a healthy body!

Another strategy when angry is to remind yourself of step 1 and modify your thoughts instead of seething and feeding your anger further by assuming the victim-role in your head.

Physical exercise channels the energy into constructive activity. Don't sit around thinking about how angry you are, get up and move. It matters little what you do as long as you do something. Take a walk, run on the treadmill or the jogging track, clean your closet, rearrange the room, dust the bookshelves, do the washing, whatever..

  • Provocation and confrontation

What can you do when you are deliberately provoked and dragged into a confrontation? There are a few things that can help you keep your anger in check.

  1. STOP. Take a deep breath, drink some water if possible. And then tell yourself that you refuse to give another person the power to corrode your mind and body.
  2. TUNE OUT: Instead of internalizing every single word of the aggressor, focus elsewhere. Start balancing your account in your head. Or think about how good you'll feel later when this incident will have failed to provoke you.
  3. CALM ASSERTION: make your point of view on the subject clear in as few words as possible, calmly . (or at the least fake a calm tone of voice). Repeat the same statement if needed without name-calling and accusing the other person. Blame-games don't have a point! No one is going to feel better in the end. Its useless. Acknowledge the other person's anger and put an end to the matter.
  4. WALK OUT: If the situation seems too escalated for the above strategies to work, or you fear physical harm, walk out of the scene as soon as possible. Hanging around a time-bomb, waiting for the blast is foolish and dangerous. Walking out takes courage and control. As it seems like cowardice. Most people who have been victims of assault in an angry exchange, admit that they now think it could have been avoided had they walked out. Its effective because first of all it gives both parties breathing and thinking space and time, secondly its a distraction, and thirdly its a bold statement. by walking out you are letting the aggressor know that you do not want to have an argument but you have had enough. Somehow, women seem to be more likely to stick around and not leave. Maybe out of fear, or of perceived insult.

How to Control Violent Impulses

If you are prone to violence during a bout of anger, try de-escalating the angry situation as early in the process as you can. Walking away and starting physical activity is going to work and give you control over the urge to lash out. You are a prime candidate for a venting technique. Buy yourself a punching bag. And for the long run, take=up a hobby that involves a lot of quick movements in succession. For example kick boxing. Contrary to how it seems, its a very effective cure for violent anger.

Living With Someone ANGRY

Anger management should, and does, include dealing with other peoples anger. Especially if you are living with them, A chronically angry (or prone to intense and/or violent anger) parent, child, spouse or partner makes your life stressful. Dealing with such a situation depends on who you are dealing with, and the degree of anger involved. Living with a violent person, whoever it might be, is unacceptable, unless they are enrolled in an Anger Management Program OFFICIALLY. Even so if your or your loved ones' safety seems at stake, you should immediately move out and get a restraining order, so that you have police protection. This is especially true in case of a violent partner.

If there is no threat of physical violence you can first work on your own responses and then help your partner, parent or child to manage their anger effectively. The steps to effective anger management can be taught to anyone. Family counseling can help a great deal in this situation. With support and encouragement you and your family can live a happier and steadier life.


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    • Saswati CM profile image

      Saswati Chakraborty Misra 3 years ago from Bangalore

      Great information....will appreciate if you can make out a little time and read my new hub published on the same topic

    • etna5678 profile image

      Yasmeen Anwer 7 years ago from Lahore, Pakistan

      Thanks for the praise, Website Examiner...

      I see where you are coming from and you do have a point... The basic premise of this hub is that anger is a valid emotion...and that feelings are facts...however, some are more swayed by their emotions than others. And that propensity, although justified, isn't always the best route to peaceful coexistence with the rest of human race..

    • profile image

      Website Examiner 7 years ago

      While a temperamental person at times, I do not experience anger very often. When that happens, I do not particularly seek to manage it; rather, I feel a sense of entitlement. A quick flare up, and quickly gone as well. But certainly I can see the need for measures as you are proposing here. You are an intelligent writer. Best, W.E.

    • etna5678 profile image

      Yasmeen Anwer 7 years ago from Lahore, Pakistan

      mathan42...hey thanks...appreciate the feedback!!! :)

    • mathan42 profile image

      mathan42 7 years ago

      Good work etna5678...keep it up....

    • profile image

      Bashir Ali 7 years ago

      That's a wonderful article miss etna, i hope that is how it is.

      we should all follow the amazing tips. it seems you have really overcome your anger. now its time for us. joking, but it is really really an amazing article. Salutes.

    • etna5678 profile image

      Yasmeen Anwer 7 years ago from Lahore, Pakistan

      Thank you Nicky, for the praise :) No, I haven't published any books...yet!

    • Nicky Bantham profile image

      Serendipitous 7 years ago

      Wow, right back at you!!!Do you have published books on the subject? I think you are amazing taking the time to publish these hubs!!Very informative and of course, well written!!!!

    • etna5678 profile image

      Yasmeen Anwer 7 years ago from Lahore, Pakistan

      Thank you Dr. Jawad...I am certain you are also more than a pulmonologist!!! :)

    • profile image

      Jawad Naseer 7 years ago

      That's vital topic and excellent remedies......congrats Dr. Yas, u r more than a dermatologist..............

    • etna5678 profile image

      Yasmeen Anwer 7 years ago from Lahore, Pakistan

      Thank you jasper420 :)

    • profile image

      jasper420 7 years ago

      i use to suffer from anger i had a realy hard time managing it thanks for a great hub

    • etna5678 profile image

      Yasmeen Anwer 7 years ago from Lahore, Pakistan

      @marcustummel..Thanks for the appreciation... :)

    • etna5678 profile image

      Yasmeen Anwer 7 years ago from Lahore, Pakistan

      @mathan42...advice taken. Hope you like the hub better now :)

    • marcustummel profile image

      marcustummel 7 years ago

      Really great, detailed hub. Thanks for the info!

    • mathan42 profile image

      mathan42 7 years ago

      good work ETNA5678....Thanks for sharing....U can add some pics to enhance the view...