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Key Information About Prostate Cancer

Updated on January 14, 2020
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Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Prostate cancer is a medical condition that is characterized by uncontrolled, malignant growth of cells in the prostate gland.

It is the second most commonly occurring cancer in men and the fourth most commonly occurring cancer overall.

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Causes

The exact cause of prostate cancer is difficult to determine. Autopsy studies show 1 in 3 men over the age of 50 have some cancer cells in the prostate.

Usually multiple factors are involved, including genetics and exposure to environmental toxins.

About 5 to 10 percent of all prostate cancers diagnosed are hereditary.

A research study conducted in the year 2013 at the Portland VA Medical Center and Oregon Health and Science University indicates that exposure to Agent Orange increases the risk of aggressive forms of prostate cancer.

Foods high in saturated fats like those found in meat and dairy increase the risk of prostate cancer.

Meat Increases the Risk of Prostate Cancer

Source

Foods That Increase Prostate Cancer Risk

 
Red Meat
Processed Meat
Alcohol
Salad dressings
Baked goods
Full fat cheeses

Symptoms

Difficulty emptying the bladder, blood in the urine, back pain, weak flow while urinating, hip pain, feeling that the bladder is not empty after urinating, pelvis pain, dribbling urine after urinating, blood in the semen, frequent urination during night hours, weight loss, erectile dysfunction and sudden need to urinate are some symptoms of prostate cancer.

Diagnosis

Most common diagnostic tools are digital rectal exams and blood tests for prostate-specific antigen (PSA).

Introduction of PSA screening has resulted in more than one million additional men being diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer in the USA.

Urologists usually recommend prostate biopsy if results from initial tests, such as a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test or digital rectal exam, suggest the person may have prostate cancer.

Researchers at Radboud university medical center have developed a "deep learning" system that is better than most pathologists at determining the aggressiveness of prostate cancer.

Treatment

Prostate cancer can be cured when detected and treated early. Scientists using ultrasound to treat some types of prostate cancer have cured the disease in almost two thirds of cases with minimal side effects.

Abiraterone acetate (Zytiga), Apalutamide (Erleada) and Enzalutamide (Xtandi) are used to treat this disease.

IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy) uses high doses of radiation to kill prostate cancer cells while protecting the healthy cells that surround prostate cancer.

Yoga reduces prostate cancer related tiredness.

Do you practice yoga?

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Prevention

Include Brazil nuts, soy, tomatoes, coffee, broccoli, berries, walnuts, carrots, green tea and pomegranate in your diet.

Adhere to plant-based diet. Do yoga daily. Reduce salt intake. You may use spices and herbs to flavor your food.

A team funded by the World Cancer Research Fund and Cancer Research UK has found that men who exercise daily could halve their risk of prostate cancer.

Given that prostate cancer feeds on testosterone and dihydrotestosterone, there have been multiple large studies trying to lower dihydrotestosterone in men to prevent prostate cancer.

A research study conducted at the University College London in December 2019 claimed that targeted screening aimed at men with a higher genetic risk of prostate cancer could prevent nearly one in six deaths associated with the disease.

Coffee Reduces Prostate Cancer Risk

Source

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

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