ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Prediabetes

Updated on April 11, 2013

Prediabetes is a state where diabetes can develop. Prediabetes refers to people who have IFG (impaired fasting glucose), IGT(impaired glucose tolerance), or both.

Having prediabetes raises the risk of developing type 2 diabetes 3 to 10-fold on average and so it is better for the general health of the population if the existence of prediabetes can be determined early.

By the time diabetes has actually developed, damage has already been done to many organs in the body, with specific reference to the eyes and blood vessels.

The complications of diabetes include heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease as welll as microvascular diseases that include

  • retinopathy - disease of the eye retina
  • neuropathy - disease of sensory nervous system
  • microalbuminuria - small amounts of albumin (protein) in the urine which points to kidney disease

It seems there is no safe level of blood glucose as even the smallest quantities are responsible for causing damage, especially cardiovascular disease.


diabetes risk factors
diabetes risk factors
diabetes symptoms
diabetes symptoms

A worldwide pandemic of diabetes and obesity is occurring just now, and a new case of adult onset type 2 diabetes is being diagnosed every 20 minutes.

Currently 24.1 million people in the USA alone suffer from type 2 diabetes (according to wikipedia there were 18 million cases in 2002), with another 57 million people with prediabetes, some of whom are already showing signs of microvascular changes caused by actual diabetes.

A horrendous 25% of diabetes sufferers do not know they have diabetes.

Worldwide, there are an estimated 314 million people with prediabetes and this figure is projected to rise to 418 million by 2025.

Early diagnosis and treatment of prediabetes can reduce or delay the onset of actual diabetes.

Studies have shown that the damage and adverse consequences of high blood glucose levels occur at much lower glucose levels that those which define diabetes.

Increasingly, adolescents are suffering from type 2 diabetes. It is rare in children under 10.

People who should be screened because they are considered to be at high risk of developing diabetes include those with:

  • a family history of diabetes
  • cardiovascular disease
  • obesity, especially around the middle
  • sedentary lifestyle
  • non-white ancestry
  • previously identified IFG, IGT and/or metabolic syndrome
  • hypertension
  • an increased levels of triglycerides, low concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or both
  • history of gestational diabetes
  • delivery of a baby weighing more than 9 lbs (4kgs)
  • PCOS (poly cystic ovarian disease)
  • those receiving antipsychotic therapy for schizophrenia and severe bipolar disease.

Treatment for prediabetes includes a complete lifestyle change that could mean


If this lifstyle change is carried out, and weight loss is not only achieved but maintained, there is every chance that your body could return to its normal state.

Left untreated, there is a 70% chance that diabetes or the complications of diabetes will follow inside a 6 year period of initial diagnosis.

Unfortunately at the present time most medical insurance companies will not pay for lifestyle treatment to prevent diabetes developing, nor has the US Food and Drug Administration approved any drugs for use in the treatment of either IFG or IGT.

Diabetes kills.

As many as 1:10 deaths every year are due to the complications of diabetes. Middle aged people with type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to die than people of similar age with normal blood glucose levels.

While it is reckoned that up to another 25% on top of the world's known diabetic population have undiagnosed diabetes, no-one knows the true figure of people having prediabetes.

There are no signs or symptoms. Only blood testing by your doctor can tell you if you are at risk.

The most common signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus (type 2) include:

  • constant hunger - even though you are well fed
  • fluctuations in weight - sudden loss or gain
  • blurred vision or deterioration of normal vision
  • slow healing of cuts and bruises
  • weakness, fatigue, unexplained aches and pains like flu
  • tingling or numbness in hands or feet
  • gum or skin infections that won't clear up
  • recurring bladder or genital infections
  • thirst

DON'T TAKE A CHANCE WITH YOUR HEALTH. GET CHECKED OUT FOR PREDIABETES TODAY.

diabetes awareness
diabetes awareness

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR

      IzzyM 

      6 years ago from UK

      Thanks for that important bit of info. Hopefully anyone who needs to know will read your comment :)

    • dr stephen chan profile image

      dr stephen chan 

      6 years ago from U.S.A

      Hi there, great hub .. I just thought I would point out that the most common reason for adult males being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is actually ED, and I didn't see that on your list of symptoms.

    • mysterylady 89 profile image

      mysterylady 89 

      8 years ago from Florida

      The idea of Metformin's connection to cancer is a new discovery. I first read about it in early September. If you are interested, try googling it. My dr. said it wouldn't hurt and might be worth a try. (She googled it first.)

    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR

      IzzyM 

      8 years ago from UK

      Really? I didn't know Metformin can prevent cancer.They used Metformin back in the 70s too when I was nursing. It was always thought (then) that is was better to be diet controlled only, as yours seem to be, than having to be dependent on medication. But hey, if your doctor agrees, go for it! You take care :)

    • mysterylady 89 profile image

      mysterylady 89 

      8 years ago from Florida

      Having been recently diagnosed as a "diabetic under control," I found this hub interesting and informative. I was not prescribed any medicine, but after reading that the diabetic drug "Metformin" could prevent cancer, I got my dr. to prescribe it.

    • quuenieproac profile image

      quuenieproac 

      8 years ago from Malaysia

      Good writing, info well arranged. Creates awareness.

      Thanks for sharing.

    • authorfriendly profile image

      authorfriendly 

      8 years ago from Charleston, SC

      Important for people to consider, thanks for the information

    • profile image

      WildIris 

      8 years ago

      I'm sending this on to my brother. Great Hub!

    • fucsia profile image

      fucsia 

      8 years ago

      Very informative and well writen!

    • Spider Girl profile image

      Spider Girl 

      8 years ago from the Web

      Very informative hub lady! Rated useful :)

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)